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Prevalence and Perceptions Toward Anabolicandrogenic Steroid Use Amongst University Students

M. Kargarfard
  • Department of Sport Physiology, Faculty of Physical Education and Sport Sciences, University of Isfahan, Isfahan, Iran
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/ A. Shariat
  • Department of Occupational Health, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, University Putra, Malaysia
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/ E. Lam / B. Shaw
  • Department of Sport and Movement Studies, University of Johannesburg, Republic of South Africa
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/ I. Shaw
  • Department of Sport and Movement Studies, University of Johannesburg, Republic of South Africa
  • Research Department, Monash University (South Africa Campus), Ruimsig, Republic of South Africa
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/ A. Shariat
  • Department of Psychology, Faculty of Human Sciences, Islamic Azad University, Shahrekord, Isfahan, Iran
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/ Fereshteh Nayyeri
  • Department of Computer, Science Faculty of Information Science and Technology University Kebangsaan Malaysia 43600 UKM Bangi, Selangor, Malaysia
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Published Online: 2015-11-26 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/amb-2015-0019


Anabolic-androgenic steroids (AASs) are highly sought-after in order to achieve muscle growth and better physical attributes. The study was conducted to measure the prevalence and attitudes towards the use of AASs among university students. 1008 male students from Isfahan University, Iran, between the ages of 18 and 25 years (23.3 ± 1.2 years) completed a questionnaire that investigated participation in bodybuilding, level of sport competition, participation in sports and recreational activities, AASs use, prevalence, knowledge among users, attitudes, as well as intent to continue using AASs in the future. 8% of respondents had used AASs and 6% currently use AASs. 71% of users believed using only a small amount of AASs or using AASs with anti-toxic drugs would not result in any harm, 10% indicated that AASs were harmless and 19% admitted to taking AASs despite knowing the adverse effects. 33% of respondents believed that they needed to use AASs to ensure athletic success and 26% believed that athletes should be allowed to use AASs without consequence. The prevalent use of AASs is a public health concern which implies that educational programmes at university level are needed to educate students about the adverse effects of AASs use

Keywords: attitude; drug abuse; prevalence; steroids; students


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About the article

Published Online: 2015-11-26

Published in Print: 2015-11-01

Citation Information: Acta Medica Bulgarica, Volume 42, Issue 2, Pages 61–67, ISSN (Online) 0324-1750, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/amb-2015-0019.

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© 2015. This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 License. BY-NC-ND 4.0

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