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Acta Medica Bulgarica

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In Vitro Study on the Adhesion and Colonization of Candida Albicans on Metal and Acrylic Piercings

N. Stamenov
  • Corresponding author
  • Department of Periodontology and Oral Diseases, Faculty of Dental Medicine, Medical University – Plovdiv, Bulgaria, DM 109 Hristo Botev blvd. Bg − 4000 Plovdiv tel.: 0888442026
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  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ G. Tomov
  • Department of Periodontology and Oral Diseases, Faculty of Dental Medicine, Medical University − Plovdiv, Bulgaria
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Z. Denkova / I. Dobrev
Published Online: 2016-04-20 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/amb-2016-0001


Oral/perioral piercing may provide an ideal environment for adhesion and colonization of microorganisms. The aim of this study is to perform an “in vitro” research on the capabilities of adhesion of Candida albicans on oral piercings made of plastic and metal. Acrylic and metal piercings were incubated with Candida albicans and then were observed using scanning electron microscopy under different magnifications. A lot of irregularities and roughness were observed on the surface of the plastic piercing unlike the surface of the metal one, which is not so rough. Nevertheless, the number of Candida albicans colonies was considerably larger on the scanned metal surface in comparison to the plastic surface. In vitro the metal surface of the piercing creates better environment for the adhesion and colonization of microorganisms than the acrylic. This could be attributed to the electrostatic forces that most likely attract Candida albicans to the metal piercing in the early stages of biofilm formation.

Keywords: candida albicans; oral; piercing; adhesion; colonization; microorganisms


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About the article

Published Online: 2016-04-20

Published in Print: 2016-03-01

Citation Information: Acta Medica Bulgarica, Volume 43, Issue 1, Pages 5–13, ISSN (Online) 0324-1750, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/amb-2016-0001.

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© 2016. This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 License. BY-NC-ND 4.0

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