Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
Show Summary Details
More options …

Animal Migration

Ed. by Davis, Andrew

Open Access
Online
ISSN
2084-8838
See all formats and pricing
More options …

Experimental temperature manipulations alter songbird autumnal nocturnal migratory restlessness

Adrienne Berchtold
  • Departments of Biology, Advanced Facility for Avian Research, University of Western Ontario London, ON Canada N6A 5C2, Canada
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Ira Nightingale
  • Departments of Biology, Advanced Facility for Avian Research, University of Western Ontario London, ON Canada N6A 5C2, Canada
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Caitlin Vandermeer
  • Departments of Biology, Advanced Facility for Avian Research, University of Western Ontario London, ON Canada N6A 5C2, Canada
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Scott A. MacDougall-Shackleton
  • Corresponding author
  • Departments of Psychology, Advanced Facility for Avian Research, University of Western Ontario, London, ON Canada N6A 5C2 Canada
  • Departments of Biology, Advanced Facility for Avian Research, University of Western Ontario London, ON Canada N6A 5C2, Canada
  • Email
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
Published Online: 2017-02-08 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/ami-2017-0001

Abstract

Migrating birds may respond to a variety of environmental cues in order to time migration. During the migration season nocturnally migrating songbirds may migrate or stop-over at their current location, and when migrating they may vary the rate or distance of migration on any given night. It has long been known that a variety of weather-related factors including wind speed and direction, and temperature, are correlated with migration in free-living birds, however these variables are often correlated with each other. In this study we experimentally manipulated temperature to determine if it would directly modulate nocturnal migratory restlessness in songbirds. We experimentally manipulated temperature between 4, 14, and 24°C and monitored nocturnal migratory restlessness during autumn in white-throated sparrows (Zonotrichia albicollis). White-throated sparrows are relatively shortdistance migrants with a prolonged autumnal migration, and we thus predicted they might be sensitive to weatherrelated cues when deciding whether to migrate or stopover. At warm temperatures (24°C) none of the birds exhibited migratory restlessness. The probability of exhibiting migratory restlessness, and the intensity of this restlessness (number of infra-red beam breaks) increased at cooler (14°C, 4°C) temperatures. These data support the hypothesis that one of the many factors that birds use when making behavioural decisions during migration is temperature, and that birds can respond to temperature directly independently of other weather-related cues.

Keywords: migration; temperature; zugunruhe; Zonotrichia albicollis; weather

References

  • Ahrens CD. Meteorology Today. 9 ed. St. Paul, Minnesota: Brooks Cole; 2008.Google Scholar

  • Åkesson S, Hedenström A. Wind selectivity of migratory flight departures in birds. Behav Ecol Sociobiol. 2000, 47,140-4.Google Scholar

  • Berthold P, Fiedler W, Querner U. Migratory restlessness or Zugunruhe in birds-a description based on video recordings under infrared illumination. Journal für Ornithologie, 2000, 14, 285-299.Google Scholar

  • Caro SP, Schaper SV, Hut RA, Ball GF, Visser ME. The case of the missing mechanism: how does temperature influence seasonal timing in endotherms? PLoS Biol., 2013,11, e1001517.Google Scholar

  • Coverdill AJ, Clark AD, Wingfield JC, Ramenofsky M. Examination of nocturnal activity and behaviour in resident white-crowned sparrows (Zonotrichia leucophrys nuttalli). Behaviour. 2011, 148, 859-76.Web of ScienceGoogle Scholar

  • Dänhardt J, Lindström Å. Optimal departure decisions of songbirds from an experimental stopover site and the significance of weather. Anim Behav. 2001, 62, 235-43.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Eikenaar C, Bairlein F. Food availability and fuel loss predict Zugunruhe. Journal of Ornithology, 2014, 155, 65-70.Google Scholar

  • Eikenaar C, Schmaljohann H. Wind conditions experienced during the day predict nocturnal restlessness in a migratory songbird. Ibis. 2015, 157, 125-32.Web of ScienceGoogle Scholar

  • Eikenaar C, Klinner T, Szostek KL, Bairlein F. (2014). Migratory restlessness in captive individuals predicts actual departure in the wild. Biology Letters, 2014, 10, 20140154.Web of ScienceGoogle Scholar

  • Eikenaar C, Schläfke JL. Size and accumulation of fuel reserves at stopover predict nocturnal restlessness in a migratory bird. Biol Lett. 2013, 9, 20130712.Web of ScienceGoogle Scholar

  • Falls JB, Kopachena JG. White-throated sparrow (Zonotrichia albicollis). In: Poole A, editor. The Birds of North America Online. Ithaca: Cornell Lab of Ornithology; 2010.Google Scholar

  • Fusani L, Cardinale M, Carere C, Goymann W. Stopover decision during migration: physiological conditions predict nocturnal restlessness in wild passerines. Biol Lett. 2009, 5, 302-5.Web of ScienceGoogle Scholar

  • Gough GA, Sauer JR, Iliff M. Patuxent Bird Identification Infocenter. 1998. Version 97.1. Patuxent Wildlife Research Center, Laurel, MD. http://www.mbr-pwrc.usgs.gov/id/framlst/infocenter.htmlGoogle Scholar

  • Liechti F, Bruderer B. The relevance of wind for optimal migration theory. J Avian Biol. 1998, 29, 561-8.Google Scholar

  • Jenni L, Schaub M. Behavioural and physiological reactions to environmental variation in bird migration: a review. Avian migration. Berlin: Springer-Verlag; 2003. p. 155-71.Google Scholar

  • Lupi S, Goymann W, Cardinale M, Fusani L. Physiological conditions influence stopover behaviour of short-distance migratory passerines. Journal of Ornithology, 2016, 157, 583-589.Web of ScienceGoogle Scholar

  • Marra PP, Francis CM, Mulvihill RS, Moore FR. The influence of climate on the timing and rate of spring bird migration. Oecologia, 2005, 142, 307-315.Google Scholar

  • Metcalfe J, Schmidt KL, Bezner Kerr W, Guglielmo CG, MacDougall- Shackleton SA. White-throated sparrows adjust behaviour in response to manipulations of barometric pressure and temperature. Anim Behav. 2013, 86, 1285-90.CrossrefWeb of ScienceGoogle Scholar

  • Mitchell GW, Newman AE, Wikelski M, Ryan Norris D. Timing of breeding carries over to influence migratory departure in a songbird: an automated radiotracking study. J Anim Ecol. 2012, 81,1024-33.Web of ScienceCrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Newton I., The migration ecology of birds, Academic Press, London, 2008.Google Scholar

  • Richardson WJ. Timing of bird migration in relation to weather: updated review. In: Gwinner E, editor. Bird Migration: Physiology and Ecophysiology. Berlin Heidelberg: Springer- Verlag; 1990. p. 78-101.Google Scholar

  • Smith AD, McWilliams SR. What to do when stopping over: behavioral decisions of a migrating songbird during stopover are dictated by initial change in their body condition and mediated by key environmental conditions. Behavioral Ecology, 2014, 25, 1423-1435.CrossrefWeb of ScienceGoogle Scholar

  • Sullivan BL, Wood CL, Iliff MJ, Bonney RE, Fink D, Kelling S. eBird: a citizen-based bird observation network in the biological sciences. Biological Conservation, 2009, 142, 2282-2292.Google Scholar

  • Vandermeer CL. The effect of testosterone on the spring migratory phenotype of a North American songbird (Zonotrichia albicollis) MSc thesis, University of Western Ontario, London, Canada, 2013. [http://ir.lib.uwo.ca/etd/1788/]Google Scholar

About the article

Received: 2016-06-21

Accepted: 2016-12-16

Published Online: 2017-02-08

Published in Print: 2017-02-23


Citation Information: Animal Migration, Volume 4, Issue 1, Pages 1–7, ISSN (Online) 2084-8838, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/ami-2017-0001.

Export Citation

© 2017. This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 License. BY-NC-ND 4.0

Citing Articles

Here you can find all Crossref-listed publications in which this article is cited. If you would like to receive automatic email messages as soon as this article is cited in other publications, simply activate the “Citation Alert” on the top of this page.

[1]
Kevin J. Aagaard, Wayne E. Thogmartin, and Eric V. Lonsdorf
Ecological Modelling, 2018, Volume 378, Page 46
[2]
Judy Shamoun-Baranes, Felix Liechti, and Wouter M. G. Vansteelant
Journal of Comparative Physiology A, 2017, Volume 203, Number 6-7, Page 509

Comments (0)

Please log in or register to comment.
Log in