Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
Show Summary Details
More options …

Animal Migration

Ed. by Davis, Andrew

1 Issue per year


Emerging Science

Open Access
Online
ISSN
2084-8838
See all formats and pricing
More options …

Associations between sex, age and species-specific climate sensitivity in migration

Catherine Jarjour / Barbara Frei / Kyle H. Elliott
Published Online: 2017-12-29 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/ami-2017-0004

Abstract

Weather often plays a key role in migration timing, and temporal shifts over the past century have been heavily researched and linked to climate change. Much research is however limited by the use of arbitrary time periods during which weather is thought to most influence migration. Here, we compare the classic fixed window method to a novel sliding window approach created to determine periods of temperature sensitivity among organisms, in this case on the migration phenology of nineteen passerine species banded at the McGill Bird Observatory in Montréal, Québec, from 2005 to 2015. We found overall shorter temperature sensitivity windows in the spring than the fall migration and deemed the nonarbitrarily chosen periods of temperature sensitivity to be more useful than the classic fixed window method when used with caution. We also found significant variation in migration timing of 11 species, as well as more cases of male birds arriving in spring prior to females than the reverse. More males departed in fall before females as well. Similarly, on average, older birds arrived in spring ahead of younger individuals and departed prior to younger in the fall.

This article offers supplementary material which is provided at the end of the article.

Keywords : climate sensitivity window; temperature; temporal shift; phenology; passerine; migration

References

  • [1] Sullivan B.L., Wood C.L., Iliff M.J., Bonney R.E., Fink D., Kelling S., eBird: A citizen-based bird observation network in the biological sciences, Biological Conservation, 2009, 142, 2282-2292Google Scholar

  • [2] Somveille M., Rodrigues A.S.L., Manica A., Why do birds migrate? A macroecological perspective, Global Ecology and Biogeography, 2015, 24, 664-674Google Scholar

  • [3] McKinnon L., Smith P.A., Nol E., Martin J.L., Doyle F.I., Abraham K.F., et al., Lower predation risk for migratory birds at high latitudes, Science (New York, N.Y.), 2010, 327, 326-7Google Scholar

  • [4] Both C., te Marvelde L., Climate change and timing of avian breeding and migration throughout Europe, Climate Research, 2007, 35, 93-105Google Scholar

  • [5] Ewert D.N., Hamas M.J., Ecology of migratory landbirds during migration in the Midwest, United States Department of Agriculture Forest Service General Technical Report NC, 1996, 200-208Google Scholar

  • [6] Naef-Daenzer B., Keller L.F., The foraging performance of great and blue tits (Parus major and P. caeruleus) in relation to caterpillar development, and its consequences for nestling growth and fledging weight, Journal of Animal Ecology, 1999, 68, 708-718Google Scholar

  • [7] Wood E.M., Kellermann J.L., Phenological synchrony and bird migration: changing climate and seasonal resources in North America, 2015Google Scholar

  • [8] Mayor S.J., Guralnick R.P., Tingley M.W., Otegui J., Withey J.C., Elmendorf S.C., et al., Increasing phenological asynchrony between spring green-up and arrival of migratory birds, Scientific Reports, 2017, 7, [9] Marra P.P., Francis C.M., Mulvihill R.S., Moore F.R., The influence of climate on the timing and rate of spring bird migration, Oecologia, 2005, 142, 307-315Google Scholar

  • [10] Stokke B., Moller A.P., Saether B.-E., Rheinwald G., Gutscher H., Holberton R.L., Weather in the breeding area and during migration affects the demography of a small long-distance passerine migrant, The Auk, 2005, 122, 637-647Google Scholar

  • [11] Newton I., Can conditions experienced during migration limit the population levels of birds?, Journal of Ornithology, 2006, 147, 146-166Google Scholar

  • [12] Gienapp P., Leimu R., Merila J., Responses to climate change in avian migration time - microevolution versus phenotypic plasticity, Climate Research, 2007, 35, 25-35CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [13] Richardson W.J., Timing and Amount of Bird Migration in Relation to Weather: A Review, Oikos, 1978, 30, 224-272Google Scholar

  • [14] Lehikoinen E., Sparks T.H., Zalakevicius M., Arrival and Departure Dates, Advances in Ecological Research., 2004, 35, 1-31Google Scholar

  • [15] Schwartz M.D., Ahas R., Aasa A., Onset of spring starting earlier across the Northern Hemisphere, Global Change Biology, 2006, 12, 343-351CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [16] Menzel A., Sparks T., Estrella N., Koch E., Aasa A., Ahas R., et al., European phenological response to climate change matches the warming pattern, Global Change Biology, 2006, 12, 1969-1976CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [17] Both C., Visser M.E., Adjustment to climate change is constrained by arrival date in a long-distance migrant bird, Nature, 2001, 411, 296-8Google Scholar

  • [18] Visser M.E., van Noordwijk A.J., Tinbergen J.M., Lessells C.M., Warmer springs lead to mistimed reproduction in great tits (Parus major), Proceedings: Biological Sciences, 1998, 265, 1867Google Scholar

  • [19] Murphy-Klassen H.M., Underwood T.J., Sealy S.G., Czyrnyj A.A., Holberton R.L., Long-term trends in spring arrival dates of migrant birds at Delta Marsh, Manitoba, in relation to climate change, The Auk, 2005, 122, 1130-1148Google Scholar

  • [20] Mills A.M., Changes in the timing of spring and autumn migration in North American migrant passerines during a period of global warming, Ibis, 2005, 147, 259-269Google Scholar

  • [21] Van Buskirk J., Mulvihill R.S., Leberman R.C., Variable shifts in spring and autumn migration phenology in North American songbirds associated with climate change, Global Change Biology, 2009, 15, 760-771CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [22] Gordo O., Why are bird migration dates shifting? A review of weather and climate effects on avian migratory phenology, Climate Research, 2007, 35, 37Google Scholar

  • [23] Jenni L., Kery M., Timing of autumn bird migration under climate change: advances in long-distance migrants, delays in short-distance migrants, Proceedings of Biological Sciences, 2003, 270, 1467-1471Google Scholar

  • [24] Smith S.B., Paton P.W.C., Long-Term Shifts in Autumn Migration by Songbirds at a Coastal Eastern North American Stopover Site, The Wilson Journal of Ornithology, 2011, 123, 557-566Google Scholar

  • [25] Kokko H., Gunnarsson T.G., Morrell L.J., Gill J.A., Why Do Female Migratory Birds Arrive Later than Males?, Journal of Animal Ecology, 2006, 75, 1293-1303Google Scholar

  • [26] Morbey Y.E., Ydenberg R.C., Protandrous arrival timing to breeding areas: a review, Ecology Letters, 2001, 4, 663-673CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [27] Lozano G.A., Perreault S., Lemon R.E., Age, Arrival Date and Reproductive Success of Male American Redstarts Setophaga ruticilla, Journal of Avian Biology, 1996, 27, 164-170CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [28] Carlisle J.D., Kaltenecker G.S., Swanson D.L., Brittingham M., Molt strategies and age differences in migration timing among autumn landbird migrants in southwestern Idaho, The Auk, 2005, 122, 1070-1085Google Scholar

  • [29] Francis C.M., Cooke F., Differential Timing of Spring Migration in Wood Warblers (Parulinae), The Auk, 1986, 103, 548-556Google Scholar

  • [30] Oring L.W., Lank D.B., Sexual selection, arrival times, philopatry and site fidelity in the polyandrous spotted sandpiper, Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology, 1982, 10, 185-191 Google Scholar

  • [31] Mills A.M., Sealy S.G., Protogyny in autumn migration: do male birds play chicken?, The Auk, 2005, 122, 71-81Google Scholar

  • [32] Swanson D.L., Liknes E.T., Dean K.L., Differences in Migratory Timing and Energetic Condition among Sex/Age Classes in Migrant Ruby-Crowned Kinglets, The Wilson Bulletin, 1999, 111, 61-69Google Scholar

  • [33] Stewart R.L.M., Francis C.M., Massey C., Age-related differential timing of spring migration within sexes in passerines, The Wilson Bulletin, 2002, 114, 264-271Google Scholar

  • [34] Schmaljohann H., Meier C., Arlt D., Bairlein F., van Oosten H., Morbey Y.E., et al., Proximate causes of avian protandry differ between subspecies with contrasting migration challenges, Behavioral Ecology, 2016, 27, 321-331CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [35] Mellone U., LimiOana R., Mallia E., Urios V., Extremely detoured migration in an inexperienced bird: interplay of transport costs and social interactions, Journal of Avian Biology, 2011, 42, [36] Crysler Z., Ronconi R., Taylor P., Differential fall migratory routes of adult and juvenile Ipswich Sparrows (Passerculus sandwichensis princeps ), Movement Ecology, 2016, 4, 1-8Google Scholar

  • [37] Smith R.J., Moore F.R., Arrival timing and seasonal reproductive performance in a long-distance migratory landbird, Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology, 2005, 57, 231-239Google Scholar

  • [38] Marra P.P., Sherry T.W., Holmes R.T., Territorial Exclusion by a Long-Distance Migrant Warbler in Jamaica: A Removal Experiment with American Redstarts (Setophaga ruticilla), The Auk, 1993, 110, 565-572Google Scholar

  • [39] Whitmore R.C., Mosher J.A., Frost H.H., Spring Migrant Mortality during Unseasonable Weather, The Auk, 1977, 94, 778-781Google Scholar

  • [40] Smith R.J., Hamas M.J., Ewert D.N., Dallman M.E., Spatial foraging differences in American Redstarts along the shoreline of northern Lake Huron during spring migration, The Wilson Bulletin, 2004, 116, 48-55Google Scholar

  • [41] Hill G.E., Late spring arrival and dull nuptial plumage: aggression avoidance by yearling males?, Animal Behaviour, 1989, 37, 665-673Google Scholar

  • [42] Butler C.J., The disproportionate effect of global warming on the arrival dates of short-distance migratory birds in North America, Ibis, 2003, 145, 484-495Google Scholar

  • [43] Wojczulanis-Jakubas K., Jakubas D., Foucher J., Dziarska-Pałac J., Dugue H., Differential autumn migration of the aquatic warbler Acrocephalus paludicola, Naturwissenschaften, 2013, 100, 1095-1098CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [44] Sparks T.H., Huber K., Bland R.L., Crick H.Q.P., Croxton P.J., Flood J., et al., How consistent are trends in arrival (and departure) dates of migrant birds in the UK?, Journal of Ornithology, 2007, 148, 503-511Google Scholar

  • [45] Tøttrup A.P., Rainio K., Coppack T., Lehikoinen E., Rahbek C., Thorup K., Local temperature fine-tunes the timing of spring migration in birds, Integrative and Comparative Biology, 2010, 50, 293-304CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [46] Sokolov L.V., Markovets M.Y., Shapoval A.P., Morozov Y.G., Long-term trends in the timing of spring migration of passerines on the Courish Spit of the Baltic Sea, Avian Ecology and Behaviour, 1998, 1, 1-21Google Scholar

  • [47] Newton I., Weather-related mass-mortality events in migrants, Ibis, 2007, 149, 453-467 Google Scholar

  • [48] van de Pol M., Bailey L.D., McLean N., Rijsdijk L., Lawson C.R., Brouwer L., et al., Identifying the best climatic predictors in ecology and evolution, Methods in Ecology and Evolution, 2016, 7, 1246-1257Google Scholar

  • [49] Bailey L.D., van de Pol M., climwin: An R Toolbox for Climate Window Analysis, PloS one, 2016, 11, [50] Kruuk L.E.B., Osmond H.L., Cockburn A., Contrasting effects of climate on juvenile body size in a Southern Hemisphere passerine bird, Global Change Biology, 2015, 21, 2929-2941Google Scholar

  • [51] Brommer J.E., Rattiste K., Wilson A.J., Exploring plasticity in the wild: laying date-temperature reaction norms in the common gull Larus canus, Proceedings of Biological Sciences, 2008, 275, 687-93Google Scholar

  • [52] van de Pol M., Cockburn A., Identifying the critical climatic time window that affects trait expression, The American Naturalist, 2011, 177, 698-707Google Scholar

  • [53] Husby A., Nussey D.H., Visser M.E., Wilson A.J., Sheldon B.C., Kruuk L.E., Contrasting patterns of phenotypic plasticity in reproductive traits in two great tit (Parus major) populations, Evolution, 2010, 64, 2221-37Google Scholar

  • [54] Houghton J.T., Intergovernmental Panel on Climate C., Working Group I., Climate change 2001 : the scientific basis : contribution of Working Group I to the third assessment report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge; New York, 2001Google Scholar

  • [55] Menzel A., Fabian P., Growing season extended In Europe, Nature, 1999, 397, 659Google Scholar

  • [56] Li L., Wang B., Zhou T., Impacts of external forcing on the 20th century global warming, Chinese Science Bulletin, 2007, 52, 3148-3154CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [57] Gahbauer M.A., Hudson M.-A.R., Field Protocol for Migration Monitoring Program, McGill Bird Observatory, 2004, [58] Pyle P., Identification guide to North American passerines : a compendium of information on identifying, ageing, and sexing passerines in the hand, Slate Creek Press, Bolinas Calif., 1987Google Scholar

  • [59] R Core Team (2016). R: A language and environment for statistical computing. R Foundation for Statistical Computing, Vienna, Austria. URL https://www.r-project.org/.Google Scholar

  • [60] Tøttrup A.P., Klaassen R.H., Strandberg R., Thorup K., Kristensen M.W., Jørgensen P.S., et al., The annual cycle of a trans-equatorial Eurasian-African passerine migrant: different spatio-temporal strategies for autumn and spring migration, Proceedings of Biological Sciences / The Royal Society, 2012, 279, 1008-16Google Scholar

  • [61] Nilsson C., Klaassen R.H., Alerstam T., Differences in speed and duration of bird migration between spring and autumn, The American Naturalist, 2013, 181, 837-45Google Scholar

  • [62] Morris S.R., Glasgow J.L., Comparison of spring and fall migration of American Redstarts on Appledore Island, Maine, The Wilson Bulletin, 2001, 113, 202-210 Google Scholar

  • [63] Hagan J.M., Lloyd-Evans T.L., Atwood J.L., The Relationship between Latitude and the Timing of Spring Migration of North American Landbirds, Ornis Scandinavica, 1991, 22, 129-136CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [64] Strode P.K., Implications of climate change for North American wood warblers (Parulidae), Global Change Biology, 2003, 9, 1137-1144CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [65] Rising J.D., Flood. N.J., (1998). Baltimore Oriole (Icterus galbula), The Birds of North America (P. G. Rodewald, Ed.). Ithaca: Cornell Lab of Ornithology; Retrieved from the Birds of North America: https://birdsna.org/Species-Account/bna/species/balori Google Scholar

  • [66] Sealy S.G., Reproductive responses of northern orioles to a changing food supply, Canadian Journal of Zoology, 1980, 58, 221-227Google Scholar

  • [67] Lehikoinen A., Santaharju J., Pape Moller A., Sex-specific timing of autumn migration in birds: The role of sexual size dimorphism, migration distance and differences in breeding investment, Ornis Fennica, 2017, 94, 53-65Google Scholar

  • [68] Leberman R.C., Pattern and Timing of Skull Pneumatization in the Ruby-Crowned Kinglet, Bird-Banding, 1970, 41, 121-124 CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [69] Heise C.D., Moore F.R., Age-related differences in foraging efficiency, molt, and fat deposition of gray catbirds prior to autumn migration, Condor, 2003, 105, 496-504Google Scholar

  • [70] Woodrey M.S., Chandler C.R., Age-Related Timing of Migration: Geographic and Interspecific Patterns, The Wilson Bulletin, 1997, 109, 52-67Google Scholar

  • [71] Ellegren H., Stopover Ecology of Autumn Migrating Bluethroats Luscinia s. svecica in Relation to Age and Sex, Ornis Scandinavica, 1991, 22, 340-348Google Scholar

  • [72] Smith S.B., A Physiological Assessment of Seasonal Differences in Spring and Autumn Migration Stopover at Braddock Bay, Lake Ontario, Condor, 2013, 115, 273-279Google Scholar

About the article

Received: 2017-08-24

Accepted: 2017-12-07

Published Online: 2017-12-29

Published in Print: 2017-12-20


Citation Information: Animal Migration, Volume 4, Issue 1, Pages 23–36, ISSN (Online) 2084-8838, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/ami-2017-0004.

Export Citation

© 2018. This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 License. BY-NC-ND 4.0

Supplementary Article Materials

Comments (0)

Please log in or register to comment.
Log in