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Animal Migration

Ed. by Davis, Andrew

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Emerging Science

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2084-8838
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Migration and winter distribution of the Chestnutcollared Longspur

Kevin Ellison / Emily McKinnon / Steve Zack / Sarah Olimb / Robert Sparks / Erin Strasser
Published Online: 2017-12-29 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/ami-2017-0005

Abstract

The Chestnut-collared Longspur (Calcarius ornatus) is one of five grassland songbirds, endemic within North America, with populations that have declined >65% since the 1960s. These species breed and winter in the northern and southern Great Plains, respectively. Identifying migration routes, wintering sites, and the timing of their habitat use is key for understanding the relative magnitude of threats across the annual cycle and effectively targeting habitats for conservation. We tracked migratory movements of seven Chestnut-collared Longspurs with light-level geolocators deployed in Canada. Individuals wintered up to 112-1,200km apart. All followed the Central Flyway, circumvented high-elevation terrain, and traveled east of the breeding location. Unlike most songbirds, the durations of spring and fall migrations were similar; on average 42 ± 7d and 41 ± 5d during fall and spring migrations, respectively, for an approximately 2,000km migration; this highlights the need to better understand habitat requirements during migration for grassland songbirds. Using geospatial habitat data, we assessed winter distribution overlap with four other endemic grassland songbirds; wintering range overlapped 63-99%. Future studies should use more precise devices (e.g., archival GPS units), programmed for data collection dates from this study, to identify specific migratory sites for better conserving this and associated grassland species.

Keywords : cropland; geo-logger; grasslands; migration rate; northern Great Plains; songbird

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About the article

Received: 2017-08-18

Accepted: 2017-12-15

Published Online: 2017-12-29

Published in Print: 2017-12-20


Citation Information: Animal Migration, Volume 4, Issue 1, Pages 37–50, ISSN (Online) 2084-8838, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/ami-2017-0005.

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© 2018. This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 License. BY-NC-ND 4.0

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