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American Mineralogist

Journal of Earth and Planetary Materials

Ed. by Baker, Don / Xu, Hongwu / Swainson, Ian

IMPACT FACTOR 2017: 2.645

CiteScore 2017: 2.31

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2017: 1.440
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2017: 1.059

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Volume 99, Issue 5-6


A novel technique for fluorapatite synthesis and the thermodynamic mixing behavior of F-OH apatite crystalline solutions

Guy L. Hovis
  • Corresponding author
  • Department of Geology and Environmental Geosciences, Lafayette College, Easton, Pennsylvania 18042, U.S.A.
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/ Francis M. McCubbin
  • Institute of Meteoritics, Department of Earth and Planetary Sciences, University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, New Mexico 87131, U.S.A.
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/ Hanna Nekvasil / Gokce Ustunisik
  • Department of Earth and Planetary Sciences, American Museum of Natural History, New York, New York 10024-5192, U.S.A.
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/ William R. Woerner / D.H. Lindsley
Published Online: 2014-05-15 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.2138/am.2014.4750


Successful synthesis of fluorapatite has been achieved through ion-exchange between NIST hydroxlyapatite SRM 2910a and optical-grade fluorite. Additional intermediate F-OH apatite compositions were made through ion-exchange between the newly synthesized fluorapatite and the original hydroxylapatite. Based on solution calorimetric data collected on seven fluorapatite-hydroxlyapatite crystalline solutions at 50 °C in 20.0 wt% HCl under isoperibilic conditions, fluorine-rich series members display ideal thermodynamic behavior, whereas hydroxyl-rich compositions show negative enthalpies of F-OH mixing. Unit-cell volumes for the series are linear with composition. Relative to enthalpy and volume, therefore, there are no energy barriers to complete solid solution between the F and OH end-members.

Keywords : Apatite (F-OH); solution calorimetry; enthalpy; volume; thermodynamic mixing properties

About the article

Published Online: 2014-05-15

Published in Print: 2014-05-01

Citation Information: American Mineralogist, Volume 99, Issue 5-6, Pages 890–897, ISSN (Online) 1945-3027, ISSN (Print) 0003-004X, DOI: https://doi.org/10.2138/am.2014.4750.

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© 2014 by Walter de Gruyter Berlin/Boston. This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 3.0 License. BY-NC-ND 3.0

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