Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
Show Summary Details
More options …

American Mineralogist

Journal of Earth and Planetary Materials

Ed. by Baker, Don / Xu, Hongwu / Swainson, Ian

IMPACT FACTOR 2017: 2.645

CiteScore 2018: 2.55

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2018: 1.355
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2018: 1.103

See all formats and pricing
More options …
Volume 100, Issue 1


High-pressure high-temperature transitions in MgCr2O4 and crystal structures of new Mg2Cr2O5 and post-spinel MgCr2O4 phases with implications for ultrahigh-pressure chromitites in ophiolites

Takayuki Ishii / Hiroshi Kojitani / Kiyoshi Fujino / Hitoshi Yusa / Daisuke Mori / Yoshiyuki Inaguma / Yoshitaka Matsushita / Kazunari Yamaura / Masaki Akaogi
Published Online: 2015-01-10 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.2138/am-2015-4818


We determined phase relations in MgCr2O4 at 12-28 GPa and 1000-1600 °C using a multi-anvil apparatus. At 12-15 GPa, spinel-type MgCr2O4 (magnesiochromite) first decomposes into a mixture of new Mg2Cr2O5 phase + corundum-type Cr2O3 at 1100-1600 °C, but it dissociates first into MgO periclase + corundum-type Cr2O3 at l000 °C. At about 17-19 GPa, the mixture of Mg2Cr2O5 phase + corundum-type Cr2O3 transforms to a single MgCr2O4 phase. Structure refinements using synchrotron X-ray powder diffraction data indicated that the high-pressure MgCr2O4 phase has a CaTi2O4-type structure (Cmcm), and that the basic structure of the Mg2Cr2O5 phase is the same as that of recently found modified ludwigite-type Mg2Al2O5 and Fe2Cr2O5 (Pbam). The phase relations in this study may suggest that natural chromitites in the Luobusa ophiolite regarded as the deep-mantle origin were derived from the mantle shallower than the depths corresponding to pressure of 12-15 GPa because of absence of the assemblage of (Mg,Fe)2Cr2O5 + Cr2O3 in the chromitites.

Keywords: Post-spinel; Rietveld refinement; crystal structure; high pressure; phase transition; magnesiochromite; calcium titanate; chromitite; ophiolite

About the article

Received: 2013-11-26

Accepted: 2014-07-02

Published Online: 2015-01-10

Published in Print: 2015-01-01

Citation Information: American Mineralogist, Volume 100, Issue 1, Pages 59–65, ISSN (Online) 1945-3027, ISSN (Print) 0003-004X, DOI: https://doi.org/10.2138/am-2015-4818.

Export Citation

© 2015 by Walter de Gruyter Berlin/Boston.

Comments (0)

Please log in or register to comment.
Log in