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American Mineralogist

Journal of Earth and Planetary Materials

Ed. by Baker, Don / Xu, Hongwu / Swainson, Ian

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Volume 101, Issue 2


Some thermodynamic properties of larnite (β-Ca2SiO4) constrained by high T/P experiment and/or theoretical simulation

Zhihua Xiong / Xi Liu / Sean R. Shieh / Sicheng Wang
  • The Key Laboratory of Orogenic Belts and Crustal Evolution, Ministry of Education of China, Beijing 100871, China
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/ Linlin Chang / Junjie Tang
  • The Key Laboratory of Orogenic Belts and Crustal Evolution, Ministry of Education of China, Beijing 100871, China
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/ Xinguo Hong / Zhigang Zhang
  • Key Laboratory of Earth and Planetary Physics, Institute of Geology and Geophysics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100029, China
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/ Hejing Wang
  • The Key Laboratory of Orogenic Belts and Crustal Evolution, Ministry of Education of China, Beijing 100871, China
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Published Online: 2016-02-18 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.2138/am-2016-5425


Pure larnite (β-Ca2SiO4; Lrn) was synthesized at 6 GPa and 1473 K for 6 h by using a cubic press, its thermal expansivity was investigated up to 923 K by using an X-ray powder diffraction technique (ambient P), and its compressibility was investigated up to ∼16 GPa by using a diamond-anvil cell coupled with synchrotron X-ray radiation (ambient T). Its volumetric thermal expansion coefficient (αV) and isothermal bulk modulus (KT) were constrained as αV = 4.24(4) × 10−5 K−1 and KT = 103(2) GPa [the first pressure derivative KT obtained as 5.4(4)], respectively. Its compressibility was further studied with the CASTEP code using density functional theory and planewave pseudopotential technique. We obtained the KT values as 123(3) GPa (LDA; high boundary) and 92(2) GPa (GGA; low boundary), with the values of the KT as 4.4(9) and 4.9(5), respectively. The phonon dispersions and vibrational density of states (VDoS) of Lrn were simulated using density functional perturbation theory, and the VDoS was combined with a quasi-harmonic approximation to compute the isobaric heat capacity (CP) and standard vibrational entropy (S2980), yielding CP = 212.1(1) − 9.69(5) × 102T−0.5 − 4.1(3) × 106T−2 + 5.20(7) × 108T−3 J/(mol.K) for the T range of ∼298–1000 K and (S2980)=129.8(13) J/(mol.K). The microscopic and macroscopic thermal Grüneisen parameters of Lrn at 298 K were calculated to be 0.75(6) and 1.80(4), respectively.

Keywords: β-Ca2SiO4; compressibility; entropy; heat capacity; larnite; thermal expansivity; thermal Grüneisen parameter; thermodynamic property

Special collection information can be found at http://ammin.geoscienceworld.org/site/misc/specialissuelist.xhtml.

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About the article

Received: 2015-05-17

Accepted: 2015-09-01

Published Online: 2016-02-18

Published in Print: 2016-02-01

Manuscript handled by Katherine Crispin

Citation Information: American Mineralogist, Volume 101, Issue 2, Pages 277–288, ISSN (Online) 1945-3027, ISSN (Print) 0003-004X, DOI: https://doi.org/10.2138/am-2016-5425.

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