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American Mineralogist

Journal of Earth and Planetary Materials

Ed. by Baker, Don / Xu, Hongwu / Swainson, Ian

IMPACT FACTOR 2018: 2.631

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Volume 102, Issue 1


Formation of phosphorus-rich olivine in Dar al Gani 978 carbonaceous chondrite through fluid-assisted metamorphism

Yang Li
  • State Key Laboratory for Mineral Deposits Research, School of Earth Sciences and Engineering, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210046, China
  • Other articles by this author:
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/ Ai-Cheng Zhang
  • Corresponding author
  • State Key Laboratory for Mineral Deposits Research, School of Earth Sciences and Engineering, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210046, China
  • Lunar and Planetary Science Institute, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210046, China
  • Email
  • Other articles by this author:
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/ Jia-Ni Chen
  • State Key Laboratory for Mineral Deposits Research, School of Earth Sciences and Engineering, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210046, China
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Li-Xin Gu / Ru-Cheng Wang
  • State Key Laboratory for Mineral Deposits Research, School of Earth Sciences and Engineering, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210046, China
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
Published Online: 2017-01-03 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.2138/am-2017-5881


Phosphorus-rich olivine (P2O5 > 1 wt%) is a mineral that has been reported only in a few terrestrial and extraterrestrial occurrences. Previous investigations suggest that P-rich olivine mainly forms through rapid crystallization from high-temperature P-rich melts. Here, we report a new occurrence of P-rich olivine in an ungrouped carbonaceous chondrite Dar al Gani (DaG) 978. The P-rich olivine in DaG 978 occurs as lath-shaped grains surrounding low-Ca pyroxene and olivine grains. The lath-shaped olivine shows a large variation in P2O5 (0–5.5 wt%). The P-rich olivine grains occur in a chondrule fragment and is closely associated with chlorapatite, merrillite, FeNi metal, and troilite.Tiny Cr-rich hercynite is present as inclusions within the P-rich olivine. The lath-shaped texture and the association with Cr-rich hercynite indicates that the P-rich olivine in DaG 978 formed by replacing low-Ca pyroxene precursor by a P-rich fluid during a thermal event, rather than by crystallization from a high-temperature melt. The large variation of P2O5 within olivine grains on micrometer-scale indicates a disequilibrium formation process of the P-rich olivine. The occurrence of P-rich olivine in DaG 978 reveals a new formation mechanism of P-rich olivine.

Keywords: Phosphorus-rich olivine; fluid-assisted metamorphism; Dar al Gani 978; carbonaceous chondrite

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About the article

Received: 2016-06-12

Accepted: 2016-08-24

Published Online: 2017-01-03

Published in Print: 2017-01-01

Citation Information: American Mineralogist, Volume 102, Issue 1, Pages 98–107, ISSN (Online) 1945-3027, ISSN (Print) 0003-004X, DOI: https://doi.org/10.2138/am-2017-5881.

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© 2017 by Walter de Gruyter Berlin/Boston.

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