Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
Show Summary Details
More options …

American Mineralogist

Journal of Earth and Planetary Materials

Ed. by Baker, Don / Xu, Hongwu / Swainson, Ian


IMPACT FACTOR 2017: 2.645

CiteScore 2018: 2.55

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2018: 1.355
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2018: 1.103

Online
ISSN
1945-3027
See all formats and pricing
More options …
Volume 102, Issue 5

Issues

Diamonds from the lower mantle?

Andrew R. Thomson
Published Online: 2017-05-06 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.2138/am-2017-6061

References cited

  • Andrault, D., and Bolfan-Casanova, N. (2001) High-pressure phase transformations in the MgFe2O4 and Fe2O3-MgSiO3 systems. Physics and Chemistry of Minerals, 28, 211–217.Google Scholar

  • Boffa Ballaran, T., Uenver-Thiele, L., and Woodland, A.B. (2015) Complete substitution of Fe2+ by Mg in Fe4O5: The crystal structure of the Mg2Fe2O5 end-member. American Mineralogist, 100, 628–632.Google Scholar

  • Brey, G.P., Bulatov, V., Girnis, A., Harris, J.W., and Stachel, T. (2004) Ferropericlase—a lower mantle phase in the upper mantle. Lithos, 77, 655–663.Google Scholar

  • Dobson, D.P., Cohen, N.S., Pankhurst, Q.A., and Brodholt, J.P. (1998) A convenient method for measuring ferric iron in magnesiowüstite (MgO-Fe1-xO). American Mineralogist, 83, 794–798.Google Scholar

  • Harte, B., Harris, J.W., Hutchison, M.T., Watt, G.R., and Wilding, M.C. (1999) Lower mantle mineral associations in diamonds from São Luiz, Brazil. In Y. Fei, C.M. Bertka, and B.O. Mysen, Eds., Field Observations and High Pressure Experimentation. A tribute to Francis R. Joe Boyd, p. 125–153. The Geochemical Society, Houston.Google Scholar

  • Hazen, R.M., and Jeanloz, R. (1984) Wüstite (Fe1-xO): A review of its defect structure and physical properties. Reviews of Geophysics, 22, 37–46.Google Scholar

  • Huang, E., and Bassett, W. A. (1986) Rapid determination of Fe3O4 phase diagram by synchrotron radiation. Journal of Geophysical Research, 91, 4697.Google Scholar

  • Levy, D., Diella, V., Dapiaggi, M., Sani, A., Gemmi, M., and Pavese, A. (2004) Equation of state, structural behaviour and phase diagram of synthetic MgFe2O4, as a function of pressure and temperature. Physics and Chemistry of Minerals, 31, 122–129.Google Scholar

  • McCammon, C. (1997) Ferric iron content of mineral inclusions in diamonds from São Luiz: A view into the lower mantle. Science, 278, 434–436.Google Scholar

  • McCammon, C., Peyronneau, J., and Poirier, J.-P. (1998) Low ferric iron content of (Mg,Fe)O at high pressures and temperatures. Geophysical Research Letters, 25, 1589–1592.Google Scholar

  • Otsuka, K., Longo, M., McCammon, C.A., and Karato, S.-I. (2013) Ferric iron content of ferropericlase as a function of composition, oxygen fugacity, temperature and pressure: Implications for redox conditions during diamond formation in the lower mantle. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 365, 7–16.Google Scholar

  • Palot, M., Jacobsen, S.D., Townsend, J.P., Nestola, F., Marquardt, K., Miyajima, N., Harris, J.W., Stachel, T., McCammon, C.A., and Pearson, D.G. (2016) Evidence for H2O-bearing fluids in the lower mantle from diamond inclusion. Lithos, 265, 237–243.Google Scholar

  • Pearson, D.G., Brenker, F.E., Nestola, F., McNeill, J., Nasdala, L., Hutchison, M.T., Matveev, S., Mather, K., Silversmit, G., Schmitz, S., and others. (2014) Hydrous mantle transition zone indicated by ringwoodite included within diamond. Nature, 507, 221–224.Google Scholar

  • Rohrbach, A., and Schmidt, M.W. (2011) Redox freezing and melting in the Earth’s deep mantle resulting from carbon–iron redox coupling. Nature, 472, 209–212.Google Scholar

  • Thomson, A.R., Walter, M.J., Kohn, S.C., and Brooker, R.A. (2016) Slab melting as a barrier to deep carbon subduction. Nature, 529, 76–79.Google Scholar

  • Trønnes, R.G. (2009) Structure, mineralogy and dynamics of the lowermost mantle. Mineralogy and Petrology, 99, 243–261.Google Scholar

  • Uenver-Thiele, L., Woodland, A.B., Boffa Ballaran, T., Miyajima, N., and Frost, D.J. (2017) Phase relations of MgFe2O4 at conditions of the deep upper mantle and transition zone. American Mineralogist, 102, 632–642.Google Scholar

  • Walter, M.J., Kohn, S.C., Araujo, D., Bulanova, G.P., Smith, C.B., Gaillou, E., Wang, J., Steele, A., and Shirey, S.B. (2011) Deep mantle cycling of oceanic crust: Evidence from diamonds and their mineral inclusions. Science, 334, 54–57.Google Scholar

  • Wirth, R., Dobrzhinetskaya, L., Harte, B., Schreiber, A., and Green, H.W. (2014) High-Fe (Mg, Fe)O inclusion in diamond apparently from the lowermost mantle. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 404, 365–375.Google Scholar

About the article

Received: 2016-12-23

Accepted: 2017-01-09

Published Online: 2017-05-06

Published in Print: 2017-05-24


Citation Information: American Mineralogist, Volume 102, Issue 5, Pages 929–930, ISSN (Online) 1945-3027, ISSN (Print) 0003-004X, DOI: https://doi.org/10.2138/am-2017-6061.

Export Citation

© 2017 by Walter de Gruyter Berlin/Boston.

Comments (0)

Please log in or register to comment.
Log in