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American Mineralogist

Journal of Earth and Planetary Materials

Ed. by Baker, Don / Xu, Hongwu / Swainson, Ian


IMPACT FACTOR 2017: 2.645

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1945-3027
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Volume 102, Issue 9

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Radiation damage in sulfides: Radioactive galena from burning heaps, after coal mining in the Lower Silesian basin (Czech Republic)

Michal Čurda
  • Corresponding author
  • Institute of Geochemistry, Mineralogy and Mineral Resources, Charles University, Faculty of Science, Albertov 6, 128 43 Prague 2, Czech Republic
  • Czech Geological Survey, Geologická 6, 152 00 Prague 5, Czech Republic
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/ Viktor Goliáš
  • Institute of Geochemistry, Mineralogy and Mineral Resources, Charles University, Faculty of Science, Albertov 6, 128 43 Prague 2, Czech Republic
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/ Mariana Klementová
  • Institute of Inorganic Chemistry, Czech Academy of Sciences, Prague 250 68 Husinec-Řež, Czech Republic
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/ Ladislav Strnad
  • Laboratories of the Geological Institutes, Faculty of Science, Charles University, Albertov 6, 128 43 Prague 2, Czech Republic
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/ Zdeněk Matěj
  • Department of Condensed Matter Physics, Faculty of Mathematics and Physics, Charles University, Ke Karlovu 5, 121 16 Prague 2, Czech Republic
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/ Radek Škoda
  • Institute of Earth Sciences, Faculty of Science, Masaryk University, Kotlářská 2, 611 37 Brno, Czech Republic
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Published Online: 2017-09-05 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.2138/am-2017-6036

Abstract

The isotopic composition of lead (207Pb/206Pb, 208Pb/206Pb, and 210Pb) in a recently formed galena from burning heaps after coal mining in Radvanice, Markoušovice, and Rybníček, the Lower Silesian basin, Czech Republic, was studied in detail. 210Pb activity in galena varied from 135 ± 9 to 714 ± 22 Bq/g and calculated integral doses ranged from 2.21 × 1011 to 6.11 × 1011 α/g. The radioactivity of the galena causes micro-deformations in its crystal structure as indicated by the Williamson-Hall graphs, showing that the level of micro-strain depends on the length of time that galena samples were exposed to the radiation. However, the crystal structure of galena is affected very inhomogenously; according to TEM investigations there are domains of fully crystalline, polycrystalline, and fully metamict galena within one crystal. Inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry (ICP-MS) was used to determine the isotopic composition of the studied galena. The stable isotope ratios of Pb varied for 207Pb/206Pb from 0.8402 to 0.8435 and for 208Pb/206Pb from 2.0663 to 2.0836. The average ratios 207Pb/206Pb = 0.8312 and 208Pb/206Pb = 2.0421 were obtained for coal from the same localities. These isotope ratios show that there is no isotopic fractionation taking place during the coal burning and subsequent galena crystallization from hot gases.

Keywords: Galena; radiation; lead-isotopes; radiation effects; metamict state

Special collection papers can be found online at http://www.minsocam.org/MSA/AmMin/special-collections.html.

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About the article

Received: 2016-11-30

Accepted: 2017-05-27

Published Online: 2017-09-05

Published in Print: 2017-09-26


Citation Information: American Mineralogist, Volume 102, Issue 9, Pages 1788–1795, ISSN (Online) 1945-3027, ISSN (Print) 0003-004X, DOI: https://doi.org/10.2138/am-2017-6036.

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