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American Mineralogist

Journal of Earth and Planetary Materials

Ed. by Baker, Don / Xu, Hongwu / Swainson, Ian

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Volume 104, Issue 6


Compressibility of two Na-rich clinopyroxenes: A synchrotron single-crystal X-ray diffraction study

Ekaterina A. Matrosova
  • Vernadsky Institute of Geochemistry and Analytical Chemistry of Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, 119991, Russia
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/ Leyla Ismailova
  • Kolkovo Institute of Science and Technology, Skolkovo Innovation Center, 3, Moscow, 143026, Moscow, Russia
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/ Andrey V. Bobrov
  • Vernadsky Institute of Geochemistry and Analytical Chemistry of Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, 119991, Russia
  • Geological Faculty, Moscow State University, Moscow, 119991, Russia
  • Institute of Experimental Mineralogy of Russian Academy of Sciences, Chernogolovka, 142432, Russia
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/ Elena Bykova / Maxim Bykov
  • Bayerisches Geoinstitut, University of Bayreuth, Universitätsstrasse 30, D-95440 Bayreuth, Germany
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/ Konstantin Glazyrin / Luca Bindi
  • Dipartimento di Scienze della Terra, Università di Firenze, Via La Pira 4, 50121 Florence, Italy
  • CNR—Istituto di Geoscienze e Georisorse, sezione di Firenze, Via La Pira 4, 50121 Florence, Italy
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/ Sergey V. Ovsyannikov
  • Bayerisches Geoinstitut, University of Bayreuth, Universitätsstrasse 30, D-95440 Bayreuth, Germany
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/ Sergey M. Aksenov
  • FSRC “Crystallography and Photonics,” Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, 119333, Russia
  • Nesmeyanov Institute of Organoelement Compounds, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, 119334, Russia
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/ Dmitry Yu. Pushcharovsky / Leonid Dubrovinsky
  • Bayerisches Geoinstitut, University of Bayreuth, Universitätsstrasse 30, D-95440 Bayreuth, Germany
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Published Online: 2019-05-27 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.2138/am-2019-6658


Synchrotron-based high-pressure single-crystal X‑ray diffraction experiments were conducted on synthetic clinopyroxenes at room temperature to a maximum pressure of 40 GPa. We studied two crystals with different compositions. A Na-Ti-pyroxene with formula (Na0.86Mg0.14)(Mg0.57Ti0.43)Si2O6 synthesized at P = 7 GPa and T = 1700 °C, and a Na-pyroxene with composition (Na0.886Mg0.085Fe0.029) (Si0.442Mg0.390Fe0.168)Si2O6 synthesized at P = 15 GPa and T = 1500 °C. These phases were found to be monoclinic with the space group C2/c and exhibit KTo of 106.8(2), 121.8(4) GPa, respectively. Na-Tipyroxene is more compressible than Fe-bearing Na-Mg-Si-pyroxene, likely due to the fact that the FeO6 octahedron is significantly more rigid than MgO6 at high pressure. The formation of Na-rich pyroxenes in the deep mantle is related to crystallization of low-degree alkaline carbonate-silicate melts formed when the crust and mantle interact during the slab descent and its stagnation in the transition zone.

Keywords: Pyroxene; single-crystal X‑ray diffraction; high-pressure; high-temperature; phase transitions; equation of state; Earth’s mantle

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About the article

Received: 2018-05-27

Accepted: 2019-02-18

Published Online: 2019-05-27

Published in Print: 2019-06-26

FundingWe acknowledge the ESRF and DESY for the provision of synchrotron radiation facilities. This study was supported by the Russian Science Foundation (project no. 17-17-01169 to A.B., E.M., and L.I.). The structural refinement of Na-Ti pyroxene was supported by the Foundation of the President of the Russian Federation (grant no. MK-1277.2017.5 to E.M.). The comparison of the structures of synthesized pyroxenes with the phases available from literature—by the Russian Foundation of Basic Research (grant no. 18-05-00332 to D.P.).

Citation Information: American Mineralogist, Volume 104, Issue 6, Pages 905–913, ISSN (Online) 1945-3027, ISSN (Print) 0003-004X, DOI: https://doi.org/10.2138/am-2019-6658.

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