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American Mineralogist

Journal of Earth and Planetary Materials

Ed. by Baker, Don / Xu, Hongwu / Swainson, Ian


IMPACT FACTOR 2018: 2.631

CiteScore 2018: 2.55

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2018: 1.355
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1945-3027
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Volume 104, Issue 6

Issues

Geothermometry of the western half of the Central Metasedimentary Belt, Grenville Province, Ontario, and its implications

Steven R. Dunn / Michelle J. Markley
  • Department of Geology & Geography, Mount Holyoke College, South Hadley, Massachusetts 01075, U.S.A
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Maneh Kotikian / Kay Achenbach / Bo Montanye / William H. Peck
Published Online: 2019-05-27 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.2138/am-2019-6757

Abstract

Calcite-graphite carbon isotope thermometry results are presented for 150 new marble samples across the western Central Metasedimentary Belt (CMB) of the Ontario segment of the Grenville Province. The results show a gradual increase in peak metamorphic temperature from under 500 °C in the Tudor Township area in the east to over 700 °C along the western margin of the CMB. Modestly elevated d13C values above 3‰ across all terranes in the study area suggest a common temporal, and perhaps depositional origin, for the ~1.3 Ma limestone protoliths. The preserved thermal gradient is consistent with variations in marble mineralogy and character. Based on published geochronology, we argue that these temperatures correspond to peak metamorphism during the 1090–1020 Ma Ottawan orogeny, with the exception of preserved contact aureoles most notably associated with the Tudor gabbro and the Cheddar granite. The lack of significant thermal discontinuities at terrane boundaries and other shear zones, including the Bancroft shear zone and the CMB boundary zone, indicate that the entire region including the adjacent Central Gneiss Belt remained largely intact during and after the Ottawan peak metamorphic event. Variations in deformation style of pre-existing igneous complexes appear to correspond to the Ottawan thermal conditions, which include crystalline thrust sheets at high temperature, and mildly foliated domes to undeformed plutons at decreasing temperatures. In light of the peak temperatures and smooth thermal gradient we show to be superimposed on the established Grenvillian architecture, much of the western CMB should be considered part of the allochthonous medium pressure belt, and separate from the Ottawan orogenic lid that defines the eastern CMB.

Keywords: Grenville Province; Ottawan orogenic lid; thermometry; metamorphism; marble; calcite; graphite; stable isotopes; carbon isotopes; crustal rheology; Isotopes; Minerals; and Petrology: Honoring John Valley

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About the article

† Special collection papers can be found online at www.minsocam.org/MSA/AmMin/special-collections.html


Received: 2018-07-25

Accepted: 2019-03-01

Published Online: 2019-05-27

Published in Print: 2019-06-26


FundingThis work was supported by NSF (EAR-0635816 and -0126661 to S.R.D.) and the Keck Geology Consortium (NSF-REU grant 1005122). Acquisition of the mass spectrometer at Colgate University was supported by NSF (EAR-0216179).


Citation Information: American Mineralogist, Volume 104, Issue 6, Pages 791–809, ISSN (Online) 1945-3027, ISSN (Print) 0003-004X, DOI: https://doi.org/10.2138/am-2019-6757.

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