Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
Show Summary Details
More options …

American Mineralogist

Journal of Earth and Planetary Materials

Ed. by Baker, Don / Xu, Hongwu / Swainson, Ian


IMPACT FACTOR 2018: 2.631

CiteScore 2018: 2.55

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2018: 1.355
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2018: 1.103

Online
ISSN
1945-3027
See all formats and pricing
More options …
Volume 104, Issue 6

Issues

Re-configuration and interaction of hydrogen sites in olivine at high temperature and high pressure

Yan Yang / Wendi Liu
  • Institute of Geology and Geophysics, School of Earth Sciences, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310027, China
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Zeming Qi
  • National Synchrotron Radiation Laboratory, University of Science and Technology of China, Hefei, Anhui 230026, China
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ ZhongPing Wang
  • Department of Physics, University of Science and Technology of China, Hefei, Anhui 230026, China
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Joseph R. Smyth / Qunke Xia
  • Institute of Geology and Geophysics, School of Earth Sciences, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310027, China
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
Published Online: 2019-05-27 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.2138/am-2019-6921

Abstract

Fingerprinting hydrogen storage sites in olivine at high temperature and high pressure is fundamental to understand water distribution and its impact on the upper mantle. We carried out in situ high-temperature and high-pressure IR spectroscopic investigations on hydrogen storage sites in the natural olivine and synthetic Fe-free forsterite. Based on in situ observations of hydrogen in both the natural olivine and synthetic Fe-free forsterite at high temperatures and high pressures, we find that hydrogen does not transfer between storage sites with increasing temperature, but displays disordering at temperatures over 600 °C. In contrast, pressure can induce re-configuration of hydrogen storage sites corresponding to the 3610 and 3579 cm–1 bands. Hydrogen storage sites also exhibit disordering at high pressure. In addition, the dehydrogenation experiments of the natural olivine indicate interacts of hydrogen storage sites. Protons released from titanium-clinohumite defects move to pure Si vacancies, and also to Mg vacancies coupling with trivalent cations. This study is the first attempt to fingerprint hydrogen storage sites in olivine at high temperature and high pressure using in situ IR spectroscopy. The implications of the temperature- and pressure-induced disordering and re-configuration of hydrogen storage sites are discussed. The disordering and re-configuration of hydrogen storage sites at high temperature and high pressure favor better understanding of the water effects on physical properties of olivine. The interactions of hydrogen storage sites during dehydrogenation warn that some hydrogen if observed in dehydrated mantle-derived samples may not be original and also make hydrogen diffusivity complex.

Keywords: Hydrogen sites; olivine; high temperature; high pressure; in situ IR spectroscopy; water; upper mantle

References cited

  • Asimow, P.D., Stein, L.C., Mosenfelder, J.L., and Rossman, J.R. (2006) Quantitative polarized infrared analysis of trace OH in populations of randomly oriented mineral grains. American Mineralogist, 91, 278–284.Google Scholar

  • Balan, E., Blanchard, M., Lazzeri, M., and Ingrin, J. (2017) Theoretical Raman spectrum and anharmonicity of tetrahedral OH defects in hydrous forsterite. European Journal of Mineralogy, 29, 201–212.Google Scholar

  • Beghein, C., Yuan, K., Schmerr, N., and Xing, Z. (2014) Changes in seismic anisotropy shed light on the nature of the Gutenberg discontinuity. Science, 343, 1237–1240.Google Scholar

  • Beran, A., and Putnis, A. (1983) A model of the OH position in olivine, derived from infrared spectroscopy investigations. Physics and Chemistry of Minerals, 9, 57–60.Google Scholar

  • Berry, A., Hermann, J., O’Neill, H.St.C., and Foran, G.J. (2005) Fringerprinting the water site in mantle olivine. Geology, 33, 869–872.Google Scholar

  • Berry, A., Walker, A.M., Hermann, J., O’Neill, H.St.C., Foran, G.J., and Gale, J. (2007a) Titanium substitution mechanisms in forsterite. Chemical Geology, 242, 176–186.Google Scholar

  • Berry, A., O’Neill, H.St.C., Hermann, J., and Scott, D.R. (2007b) The infrared signature of water associated with trivalent cations in olivine. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 261(1-2), 134–142.Google Scholar

  • Blanchard, M., Ingrin, J., Balan, E., Kovàcs, I., and Withers, A.C. (2017) Effect of iron and trivalent cations on OH defects in olivine. American Mineralogist, 102, 302–311.Google Scholar

  • Chang, Y.Y., Hsieh, W.P., Tan, E., and Chen, J.H. (2017) Hydration-reduced lattice thermal conductivity of olivine in Earth’s upper mantle. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 114, 4078.Google Scholar

  • Cline, C.J. II, Faul, U.H., David, E.C., Berry, A.J., and Jackson, I. (2018) Redox influenced seismic properties of upper-mantle olivine. Nature, 555, 355–358.Google Scholar

  • Costa, F., and Chakraborty, S. (2008) The effect of water in Si and O diffusion rates in olivine and implications for the transport properties and processes in the upper mantle. Physics of the Earth and Planetary Interiors, 166, 11–29.Google Scholar

  • Crépisson, C., Blanchard, M., Bureau, H., Sanloup, C., Withers, A.C., Khodja, H., Surblé, H., Raepsaet, C., Béneut, K., Leroy, C., Giura, P., and Balan, E. (2014) Clumped fluoride-hydroxyl defects in forsterite: Implications for the upper-mantle. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 390, 287–295.Google Scholar

  • Dai, L., and Karato, S. (2014) High and highly anisotropic electrical conductivity of the asthenosphere due to hydrogen diffusion in olivine. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 408, 79–86.Google Scholar

  • Demouchy, S., and Mackwell, S. (2006) Mechanisms of hydrogen incorporation and diffusion in iron-bearing olivine. Physics and Chemistry of Minerals, 33, 347–355.Google Scholar

  • Demouchy, S., and Bolfan-Casanova, N. (2016) Distribution and transport of hydrogen in the lithospheric mantle: A review. Lithos, 240-243, 402–425.Google Scholar

  • Faul, U., Cline, C.J., David, E.C., Berry, A.J., and Jackson, I. (2016) Titanium-hydroxyl defect-controlled rheology of the Earth’s upper mantle. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 452, 227–237.Google Scholar

  • Fei, H., Wiedenbeck, M., Yamazaki, D., and Katsura, T. (2013) Small effect of water on uppermantle rheology based on silicon self-diffusion coefficients. Nature, 213–215.

  • Ferriss, E., Plank, T., Newcombe, M., Walker, D., and Hauri, E. (2018) Rates of dehydration of olivines from San Carlos and Kilauea Iki. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 242, 165–190.Google Scholar

  • Grant, K.J., Brooker, R.A., Kohn, S.C., and Wood, B.J. (2007) The effect of oxygen fugacity on hydroxyl concentrations and speciation in olivine: Implications for water solubility in the upper mantle. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 261(1-2), 217–229.Google Scholar

  • Hofmeister, A.M., Cynn, H., Burnley, P.C., and Meade, C. (1999) Vibrational spectra of dense, hydrous magnesium silicates at high pressure: importance of the hydrogen bond angle. American Mineralogist, 84, 454–464.Google Scholar

  • Hopper, E., and Fischer, K.M. (2015) The meaning of midlithospheric discontinuities: A case study in the northern U.S. craton. Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems, 16, 4057–4083.Google Scholar

  • Hushur, A., Manghnani, M.H., Smyth, J.R., Nestola, F., and Frost, D.J. (2009) Crystal chemistry of hydrous forsterite and its vibration properties up to 41 GPa. American Mineralogist, 94, 751–760.Google Scholar

  • Ingrin, J., Hercule, S., and Charton, T. (1995) Diffusion of hydrogen in diopside: Results of dehydration experiments. Journal of Geophysical Research, 100, 15489–15499.Google Scholar

  • Ingrin, J., Liu, J., Depecker, C., Kohn, S.C., Balan, E., and Grant, K.J. (2013) Low temperature evolution of OH bands in synthetic forsterite, implication for the nature of H defects at high pressure. Physics and Chemistry of Minerals, 40, 499–510.Google Scholar

  • Ingrin, J., Kovács, I., Deloule, E., Balan, E., Blanchard, M., Kohn, S.C., and Hermann, J. (2014) Identification of hydrogen defects linked to boron substitution in synthetic forsterite and natural olivine. American Mineralogist, 99, 2138–2141.Google Scholar

  • Karato, S. (1990) The role of hydrogen diffusivity in the electrical conductivity of the upper mantle. Nature, 347, 272–273.Google Scholar

  • Karato, S. (2006) Influence of hydrogen-related defects on the electrical conductivity and plastic deformation of mantle minerals: a critical review. In Earth’s Deep Water Cycle vol. 168, American Geophysical Union, Washington D.C.Google Scholar

  • Karato, S. (2013) Theory of isotope diffusion in a material with multiple species and its implications for hydrogen-enhanced electrical conductivity in olivine. Physics of Earth Planetary Interiors, 219, 49–54.Google Scholar

  • Karato, S., and Park, J. (2019) On the Origin of the Upper Mantle Seismic Discontinuities. In Lithospheric Discontinuities, Geophysical Monograph vol. 239. American Geophysical Union. Wiley.Google Scholar

  • Kawakatsu, H., Kumar, P., Takei, Y., Shinohara, M., Kanazawa, T., Araki, E., and Suyehiro, K. (2009) Seismic evidence for sharp lithosphere-asthenosphere boundaries of oceanic plates, Science, 324, 499–502.Google Scholar

  • Kohn, S.C., Brooker, R.V., Frost, D.J., Slesinger, A.E., and Wood, B.G. (2002) Ordering of hydroxyl defects in hydrous wadsleyite (β-Mg2SiO4 American Mineralogist, 87, 293–301.Google Scholar

  • Kovàcs, I., O’Neill, H.St.C., Hermann, J., and Hauri, E.H. (2010) Site-specific infrared O–H absorption coefficients for water substitution into olivine. American Mineralogist, 95, 292–299.Google Scholar

  • Lemaire, C., Kohn, S.C., and Brooker, R.A. (2004) The effect of silica activity on the incorporation mechanisms of water in synthetic forsterite: a polarised infrared spectroscopic study. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, 147, 48–57.Google Scholar

  • Libowitzky, E. (1999) Correlation of O-H stretching frequencies and O-H···O hydrogen bond lengths in minerals. Monatshefte für Chemie, 130, 1047–1059.Google Scholar

  • Lu, R., and Keppler, H. (1997) Water solubility in pyrope in 100 kbar. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, 129, 35–42.Google Scholar

  • Mackwell, S.J., and Kohlstedt, D.L. (1990) Diffusion of hydrogen in olivine: implications for water in the mantle. Journal of Geophysical Research, 95, 5079–5088.Google Scholar

  • Mao, Z., and Li, X. Y. (2016) Effect of hydration on the elasticity of mantle minerals and its geophysical implications. Science China, 5, 873–888.Google Scholar

  • Mao, Z., Jacobsen, S.D., Jiang, F., Smyth, J.R., Holl, C.M., Frost, D.J., and Duffy, T.S. (2010) Velocity crossover between hydrous and anhydrous forsterite at high pressures. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 293, 250–258.Google Scholar

  • Nakamoto, K., Margosches, M., and Rundle, R.E. (1955) Stretching frequencies as a function of distances in hydrogen bonds. Journal of the American Chemical Society, 77, 6480–6486.Google Scholar

  • Padrón-Navarta, J.A., and Hermann, J. (2017) A subsolidus olivine water solubility equation for the Earth’s upper mantle. Journal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth, 122, 9862–9880.Google Scholar

  • Padrón-Navarta, J.A., Hermann, J., and O’Neill, H.St.C. (2014) Site-specific hydrogen diffusion rates in forsterite. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 392, 100–112.Google Scholar

  • Panero, W.R., Smyth, J.R., Pigott, J.S., Liu, Z., and Frost, D.J. (2013) Hydrous ringwoodite to 5 K and 35 GPa: Multiple hydrogen bonding sites resolved with FTIR spectroscopy. American Mineralogist, 98, 637–642.Google Scholar

  • Peslier, A.H. (2010) A review of water contents of nominally anhydrous minerals in the mantles of Earth, Mars and the Moon. Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, 197, 239–258.Google Scholar

  • Peslier, A.H., Woodland, A.B., Bell, D.R., and Lazarov, M. (2010) Olivine water contents in the continental lithosphere and the longevity of cratons. Nature, 467, 78–81.Google Scholar

  • Peslier, A., Schönbächler, M., Busemann, H., and Karato, S. (2017) Water in the Earth’s Interior: Distribution and Origin. Space Science Reviews, 212, 743–810.Google Scholar

  • Qin, T., Wentzcovitch, R.M., Umemoto, K., Hirschmann, M.M., and Kohlstedt, D.L. (2018) Ab initio study of water speciation in forsterite: Importance of the entropic effect. American Mineralogist, 103, 692–699.Google Scholar

  • Rychert, C.A., and Shearer, P.M. (2009) A global view of the lithosphere–asthenosphere boundary. Science, 324, 495–498.Google Scholar

  • Smyth, J.R., Frost, D.J., Nestola, F., Holl, C.M., and Bromiley, G. (2006) Olivine hydration in the deep upper mantle: effects of temperature and silica activity. Geophysical Research Letters, 33, L15301.Google Scholar

  • Tauzin, B., Debayle, E., and Wittingger, C. (2010) Seismic evidence for a global low-velocity layer within the Earth’s upper mantle. Nature Geoscience, 3, 718–721.Google Scholar

  • Thoraval, C., Demouchy, S., and Padrón, J.A. (2018) Relative diffusivities of hydrous defects from partially dehydrated natural olivine. Physics and Chemistry of Minerals. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s00269-018-0982-x

  • Tollan, P.M.E., O’Neill, H.St.C., Hermann, J., Benedictus, A., and Arculus, R.J. (2015) Frozen melt-rock reaction in a peridotite xenolith from sub-arc mantle recorded by diffusion of trace elements and water in olivine. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 422, 169–181.Google Scholar

  • Tollan, P.M.E., O’Neill, H.St.C., and Hermann, J. (2018) The role of trace elements in controlling H incorporation in San Carlos olivine. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, 173, 89.Google Scholar

  • Umemoto, K., Wentzcovitch, R.M., Hirschmann, M., Kohlstedth, D.L., and Withers, A.C. (2011) A first-principles investigation of hydrous defects and IR frequencies in forsterite: the case for Si vacancies. American Mineralogist, 96, 1475–1479.Google Scholar

  • Walker, A.M., Hermann, J., Berry, A., and O’Neill, H.St.C. (2007) Three water sites in the upper mantle olivine and the role of titanium in the water weakening mechanism. Journal of Geophysical Research, 112, B05211.Google Scholar

  • Wang, D.J., Mookherjee, M., and Xu, Y.S. (2006) The effect of water on the electrical conductivity of olivine. Nature, 443, 977–980.Google Scholar

  • Wei, S.S., and Shearer, P.M. (2017) A sporadic low-velocity layer atop the 410-km discontinuity beneath the Pacific Ocean. Journal of Geophysical Research, 122, 5144–5159.Google Scholar

  • Xia, Q.K., Liu, J., Kovács, I., Hao, Y.T., Li, P., Yang, X.Z., Chen, H., and Sheng, Y.M. (2018) Water in the upper mantle and deep crust of eastern China: Concentration, distribution and implications. National Science Review, doi: 10.1093/nsr/nwx016.

  • Xu, H., Zhao, Y., Hickmott, D.D., Lane, N. J., Vogel, S.C., Zhang, J., and Daemen, L.L. (2013) High-temperature neutron diffraction study of deuterated brucite. Physics and Chemistry of Minerals, 40, 799–810.Google Scholar

  • Xue, X., Kanzaki, M., Turner, D., and Loroch, D. (2017) Hydrogen incorporation mechanisms in forsterite: New insights from 1H and 29Si NMR spectroscopy and first-principles calculation. American Mineralogist, 102, 519–536.Google Scholar

  • Yang, X.Z., and Keppler, H. (2011) In-situ infrared spectra of OH in olivine to 1100 °C. American Mineralogist, 96, 451–454.Google Scholar

  • Yang, Y., Xia, Q., Feng, M., and Zhang, P. (2010) Temperature dependence of IR absorption of OH species in clinopyroxene. American Mineralogist, 95, 1439–1443.Google Scholar

  • Yang, Y., Xia, Q., Feng, M., and Liu, S. (2012) OH in natural orthopyroxene: an in situ FTIR investigation at varying temperatures. Physics and Chemistry of Minerals, 39, 413–418.Google Scholar

  • Yang, Y., Xia, Q., and Zhang, P. (2015) Evolutions of OH groups in diopside and feldspars with temperature. European Journal of Mineralogy, 27, 185–192.Google Scholar

  • Yang, Y., Ingrin, J., Xia, Q.K., and Liu, W.D. (2019) Nature of hydrogen defects in clinopyroxenes from room temperature up to 1000 °C: Implication for the preservation of hydrogen in the upper mantle and impact on electrical conductivity. American Mineralogist, 104, 79–93.Google Scholar

  • Yoshino, T., Matsuzaki, T., Yamashita, S., and Katsura, T. (2006) Hydrous olivine unable to account for conductivity anomaly at the top of the asthenosphere. Nature, 443, 973–976Google Scholar

  • Zhang, M., Salje, E.K.H., Carpenter, M.A., Wang, J.Y., Groat, L.A., Lager, G.A., Wang, L., Beran, A., and Bismayer, U. (2007) Temperature dependence of IR absorption of hydrous/hydroxyl species in minerals and synthetic materials. American Mineralogist, 92, 1502–1517.Google Scholar

About the article

Published Online: 2019-05-27

Published in Print: 2019-06-26


Funding

This work is supported by the Strategic Priority Research Program (B) of the Chinese Academy of Sciences (XDB18000000), the Zhejiang Province Natural Science Foundation of China (LY18D020001), and Infrared spectroscopy and microscopic imaging beamline (BL01B) of National Synchrotron Radiation Laboratory at the University of Science and Technology of China (2018-HLS-PT-001339, 2018-HLS-PT-001428). Joseph R. Smyth acknowledges support from U. S. National Science Foundation (Grant No. EAR14-16979).


Citation Information: American Mineralogist, Volume 104, Issue 6, Pages 878–889, ISSN (Online) 1945-3027, ISSN (Print) 0003-004X, DOI: https://doi.org/10.2138/am-2019-6921.

Export Citation

© 2019 Walter de Gruyter GmbH, Berlin/Boston.

Comments (0)

Please log in or register to comment.
Log in