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Anglia

Journal of English Philology

Ed. by Kornexl, Lucia / Lenker, Ursula / Middeke, Martin / Rippl, Gabriele / Zapf, Hubert

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Volume 136, Issue 2

Issues

Passives of Possessive (ge)habban in a Passage in Ælfric’s Catholic Homily I, 33 in the Light of a Recently Discovered Augustinian Source

Matti Kilpiö
Published Online: 2018-06-13 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/ang-2018-0030

Abstract

The main focus of this article is on a passage in Ælfric’s Catholic Homily I, 33 and its Latin source in Augustine’s Sermon 71. The correspondence between the Latin source text and Ælfric’s translation is exceptionally close, almost gloss-like. What is particularly striking is the occurrence of passives of possessive (ge)habban in the Old English, corresponding to passives of possessive habere in the source. In both Old English and Latin the expression of possession with the passives of both (ge)habban and habere is very rare. The Latin Trinitarian statement translated by Ælfric consists of three sentences which display a remarkable degree of parallelism at the level of syntax and lexis. This results in a compact statement consisting of parallel repeated elements, which not only establish differences between the three persons of the Godhead but also emphasise the essential unity underlying the Trinity. The article also briefly deals with another, syntactically more relaxed, formulation of the same Trinitarian statement occurring earlier in Augustine’s sermon and tentatively asks the question why Ælfric chose the more complex and unwieldy version with passives of habere as the base text for his translation.

Works Cited

    Digitised Manuscript

    • Augustine and Pseudo-Augustine. Ninety-One Sermons (eighty-nine from the collection “De uerbis Domini et apostoli”). MS Lit. A. 8 [digitised 12 Aug 2011, last changed 19 Nov. 2012]. Canterbury, Cathedral Library and Archives; see <https://www.canterbury-cathedral.org/heritage/archives-library/>.Google Scholar

    Printed Sources

    • Clemoes, Peter. 1966. “Ælfric”. In: Eric Gerald Stanley (ed.). Continuations and Beginnings: Studies in Old English Literature. London: Nelson. 176–209.Google Scholar

    • Clemoes, Peter (ed.). 1997. Ælfric’s Catholic Homilies: The First Series, Text. EETS SS 17. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar

    • DOE = Dictionary of Old English in Electronic Form, A–H. 2016. Ed. Antonette diPaolo Healey et al. Toronto: University of Toronto. <http://www.doe.utoronto.ca>.Google Scholar

    • DOEC = Dictionary of Old English Web Corpus. 2009. Ed. Antonette diPaolo Healey et al. Toronto: University of Toronto. <http://www.doe.utoronto.ca/pages/pub/webcorpus.html>.Google Scholar

    • Gneuss, Helmut and Michael Lapidge (comps.). 2014. Anglo-Saxon Manuscripts: A Bibliographical Handlist of Manuscripts and Manuscript Fragments Written or Owned in England up to 1100. Toronto: University of Toronto Press.Google Scholar

    • Godden, Malcolm (ed.). 1979. Ælfric’s Catholic Homilies: The Second Series, Text. EETS SS 5. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar

    • Godden, Malcolm. 2000. Ælfric’s Catholic Homilies: Introduction, Commentary and Glossary. EETS SS 18. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar

    • OLD = Oxford Latin Dictionary. 1992. Ed. P. G. W. Glare. Oxford: Clarendon.Google Scholar

    • Pinkster, Harm. 2015. The Oxford Latin Syntax. Volume 1: The Simple Clause. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar

    • Pope, John C. (ed.). 1967. Homilies of Ælfric: A Supplementary Collection. Vol. 1. EETS 259. London: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar

    • Shackleton Bailey, D. R. (ed. and trans.). 2001. Cicero: Letters to Friends. Volume II: Letters 114–280. Loeb Classical Library 216. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.Google Scholar

    • Thom, Paul. 2012. The Logic of the Trinity: Augustine to Ockham. New York: Fordham University Press.Google Scholar

    • Thorpe, Benjamin. 1844. The Homilies of the Anglo-Saxon Church: The First Part, Containing the Sermones Catholici, or Homilies of Ælfric. Vol. 1. London: Printed for the Ælfric Society.Google Scholar

    • Verbraken, Pierre-Patrick. 1965. “Le sermon LXXI de saint Augustin sur le blasphème contre le Saint-Esprit”. Revue Bénédictine 75: 54–108.Google Scholar

Digitised Manuscript

  • Augustine and Pseudo-Augustine. Ninety-One Sermons (eighty-nine from the collection “De uerbis Domini et apostoli”). MS Lit. A. 8 [digitised 12 Aug 2011, last changed 19 Nov. 2012]. Canterbury, Cathedral Library and Archives; see <https://www.canterbury-cathedral.org/heritage/archives-library/>.Google Scholar

Printed Sources

  • Clemoes, Peter. 1966. “Ælfric”. In: Eric Gerald Stanley (ed.). Continuations and Beginnings: Studies in Old English Literature. London: Nelson. 176–209.Google Scholar

  • Clemoes, Peter (ed.). 1997. Ælfric’s Catholic Homilies: The First Series, Text. EETS SS 17. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar

  • DOE = Dictionary of Old English in Electronic Form, A–H. 2016. Ed. Antonette diPaolo Healey et al. Toronto: University of Toronto. <http://www.doe.utoronto.ca>.Google Scholar

  • DOEC = Dictionary of Old English Web Corpus. 2009. Ed. Antonette diPaolo Healey et al. Toronto: University of Toronto. <http://www.doe.utoronto.ca/pages/pub/webcorpus.html>.Google Scholar

  • Gneuss, Helmut and Michael Lapidge (comps.). 2014. Anglo-Saxon Manuscripts: A Bibliographical Handlist of Manuscripts and Manuscript Fragments Written or Owned in England up to 1100. Toronto: University of Toronto Press.Google Scholar

  • Godden, Malcolm (ed.). 1979. Ælfric’s Catholic Homilies: The Second Series, Text. EETS SS 5. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar

  • Godden, Malcolm. 2000. Ælfric’s Catholic Homilies: Introduction, Commentary and Glossary. EETS SS 18. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar

  • OLD = Oxford Latin Dictionary. 1992. Ed. P. G. W. Glare. Oxford: Clarendon.Google Scholar

  • Pinkster, Harm. 2015. The Oxford Latin Syntax. Volume 1: The Simple Clause. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar

  • Pope, John C. (ed.). 1967. Homilies of Ælfric: A Supplementary Collection. Vol. 1. EETS 259. London: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar

  • Shackleton Bailey, D. R. (ed. and trans.). 2001. Cicero: Letters to Friends. Volume II: Letters 114–280. Loeb Classical Library 216. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.Google Scholar

  • Thom, Paul. 2012. The Logic of the Trinity: Augustine to Ockham. New York: Fordham University Press.Google Scholar

  • Thorpe, Benjamin. 1844. The Homilies of the Anglo-Saxon Church: The First Part, Containing the Sermones Catholici, or Homilies of Ælfric. Vol. 1. London: Printed for the Ælfric Society.Google Scholar

  • Verbraken, Pierre-Patrick. 1965. “Le sermon LXXI de saint Augustin sur le blasphème contre le Saint-Esprit”. Revue Bénédictine 75: 54–108.Google Scholar

About the article

Published Online: 2018-06-13

Published in Print: 2018-06-11


Citation Information: Anglia, Volume 136, Issue 2, Pages 269–276, ISSN (Online) 1865-8938, ISSN (Print) 0340-5222, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/ang-2018-0030.

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