Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
Show Summary Details
More options …

Anthropological Review

The Journal of Polish Anthropological Society

4 Issues per year


CiteScore 2016: 0.71

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2016: 0.301
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2016: 0.695

Open Access
Online
ISSN
2083-4594
See all formats and pricing
More options …

Height loss with advancing age in a hospitalized population of Polish men and women: magnitude, pattern and associations with mortality

Piotr Chmielewski / Krzysztof Borysławski
  • Department of Anthropology, Institute of Biology, Wroclaw University of Environmental and Life Sciences, Poland
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Krzysztof Chmielowiec
  • Regional Psychiatric Hospital for People with Mental Disorders in Cibórz, Lubuskie Province, Poland
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Jolanta Chmielowiec
Published Online: 2015-06-26 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/anre-2015-0011

Abstract

The connection between the rate of height loss in older people and their general health status has been well documented in the medical literature. Our study was aimed at furthering the characterization of this interrelationship in the context of health indices and mortality in a hospitalized population of Polish adults. Data were collated from a literature review and from a longitudinal study of aging carried out in the Polish population which followed 142 physically healthy inmates, including 68 men and 74 women, for at least 25 years from the age of 45 onwards. Moreover, cross-sectional data were available from 225 inmates, including 113 men and 112 women. These subjects were confined at the same hospital. ANOVA, t-test, and regression analysis were employed. The results indicate that the onset of height loss emerges in the fourth and five decade of life and there is a gradual acceleration of reduction of height at later stages of ontogeny in both sexes. Postmenopausal women experience a more rapid loss of height compared with men. The individuals who had higher rate of loss of height (≥3 cm/decade) tend to be at greater risk of cardiovascular events and all-cause mortality. In conclusion, our findings suggest that a systematic assessment of the rate of loss of height can be useful for clinicians caring for elderly people because of its prognostic value in terms of morbidity and mortality.

Keywords: aging; body height; changes with age; health; morbidity; mortality

References

  • Bagga A. 2013. Age changes in some linear measurements and secular trend in height in adult Indian women. Acta Biologica Szegediensis 57:51–8.Google Scholar

  • Bertillon A. 1885. Identification anthropométrique: instructions signalétiques, Typographie-Lithographie Administrative, Melun.Google Scholar

  • Bobak M, Hertzman C, Skodova Z, Marmot M. 1999. Socioeconomic status and cardiovascular risk factors in the Czech Republic. Int J Epidemiol 28:46–52.CrossrefPubMedGoogle Scholar

  • Center JR, Nguyen TV, Pocock NA, Noakes KA, Kelly PJ, Eisman JA, Sambrook PN. 1998. Femoral neck axis length, height loss and risk of hip fracture in males and females. Osteoporos Int 8:75–81.PubMedCrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • de Menezes TN, de Fátima Nunes Marucci M. 2005. Anthropometry of elderly people living in geriatric institutions, Brazil Rev Saude Publica 39:169–75.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Galloway A. 1988. Estimating actual height in the older individual. J Forensic Sci 33:126–36.PubMedGoogle Scholar

  • Giles E, Hutchinson DL. 1991. Stature- and age-related bias in self-reported stature. J Forensic Sci 36:765–80.PubMedGoogle Scholar

  • Hannan MT, Broe KE, Cupples LA, Dufour AB, Rockwell M, Kiel DP. 2012. Height loss predicts subsequent hip fracture in men and women of the Framingham Study. J Bone Miner Res 27:146–52.PubMedWeb of ScienceCrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Harvard Health Letter. 2005. Standing tall. Harvard Health Letter 31:1–3.Google Scholar

  • Herndon RF. 1986. Measuring height in osteoporosis. Ann Intern Med 105:462.CrossrefPubMedGoogle Scholar

  • Hillier TA, Lui LY, Kado DM, LeBlanc ES, Vesco KK, Bauer DC. Cauley JA, Ensrud KE, Black DM, Hochberg MC, Cummings SR. 2012. Height loss in older women: risk of hip fracture and mortality independent of vertebral fractures. J Bone Miner Res 27:153–59.PubMedCrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Hooton EA. 1947. Up from the ape. New York: MacMillan.Google Scholar

  • Kaczmarek M. 2007. The timing of natural menopause and associated factors. Maturitas 57:139-53.Web of SciencePubMedCrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Kantor SM, Ossa KS, Hoshaw-Woodard SL, Lemeshow S. 2004. Height loss and osteoporosis of the hip. J Clin Densitom 7:65–70.CrossrefPubMedGoogle Scholar

  • Launer LJ, Harris T. 1996. Weight, height and body mass index distributions in geographically and ethnically diverse samples of older persons. Ad Hoc Committee on the Statistics of Anthropometry and Aging. Age Ageing 25:300–6.CrossrefPubMedGoogle Scholar

  • Lean ME, Han TS, Deurenberg P. 1996. Predicting body composition by densitometry from simple anthropometric measurements. Am J Clin Nutr 63:4–14.PubMedGoogle Scholar

  • Martin R, Saller K. 1957. Lehrbuch der Anthropologie in systematischer Darstellung.(3rd edn.) Stuttgard:Fischer.Google Scholar

  • Moayyeri A, Luben RN, Bingham S, Welch A, Wareham NJ, Khaw KT. 2008. Measured height loss predicts fractures in middle aged and older men and women: the EPIC-Norfolk prospective population study. J Bone Miner Res 23:425–32.CrossrefPubMedGoogle Scholar

  • Moayyeri A. 2008. The association between physical activity and osteoporotic fractures: a review of the evidence and implications for future research. Ann Epidemiol 18:827–35.Web of ScienceCrossrefPubMedGoogle Scholar

  • Morley JE. 2004. A brief history of geriatrics. J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci 59 A:1132–52.Google Scholar

  • Noppa H, Andersson M, Bengtsson C, Ake B, Isaksson B. 1980. Longitudinal studies of anthropometric data and body composition. The population study of women in Göteberg, Sweden. Am J Clin Nutr 33:155–62.Google Scholar

  • Ožeraitienė V, Būtėnaitė V. 2006. The evaluation of bone mineral density based on nutritional status, age, and anthropometric parameters in elderly women. Medicina Kaunas Lithuania 42:836–42.Google Scholar

  • Preedy VR editor. 2012. Handbook of anthropometry. Physical measures of human form in health and disease. New York: Springer.Google Scholar

  • Rossman J. 1979. The anatomy of aging. In: J Rossman, editor. Clinical Geriatrics. 2nd edition. Philadelphia: Lippincott.Google Scholar

  • Sagiv M, Vogelaere PP, Soudry M, Ehrsam R. 2000. Role of physical activity training in attenuation of height loss through aging. Gerontology 46:266–70.PubMedCrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Sánchez-García S, García-Peña C, Duque-López MX, Juárez-Cedillo T, Cortés-Núñez AR, Reyes-Beaman S. 2007. Anthropometric measures and nutritional status in a healthy elderly population. BMC Public Health 7:1–9.CrossrefWeb of ScienceGoogle Scholar

  • Schulz R editor. 2006. The encyclopedia of aging. 4th edition. New York: Springer.Google Scholar

  • Siminoski K, Warshawski RS, Jen H, Lee K. 2006. The accuracy of historical height loss for the detection of vertebral fractures in postmenopausal women. Osteoporos Int 17:290–6.CrossrefPubMedGoogle Scholar

  • Sorkin JD, Muller DC, Andres R. 1999. Longitudinal change in height of men and women: Implications for interpretation of the body mass index: The Baltimore Longitudinal Study of Ageing. Am J Epidemiol 150:969–77.Google Scholar

  • Spirduso WW, Francis KL, MacRae PG. 2005. Physical dimensions of aging. 2nd edition. Champaign: Human Kinetics.Google Scholar

  • Susanne CF, Orbach HL. 1977. Individual age changes of the morphological characteristics. J Hum Evol 6:181–9.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • van Leer EM, van Noord PAH, Seidell JC. 1992. Components of adult height and height loss: secular trend and effects of aging in women in the DOM Project. Ann Epidemiol 2:611–5.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Wales J, Dangerfield P. 1995. Night growth. New Sci 18 February:65.Google Scholar

  • Wannamethee SG, Shaper AG, Lennon L, Whincup PH. 2006. Height loss in older men. Associations with total mortality and incidence of cardiovascular disease. Arch Intern Med 166:2546–52.PubMedCrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Zhang J, Temme EH, Sasaki S, Kesteloot H. 2000. Under- and over reporting of energy intake using urinary cations as biomarkers: relation to body mass index. Am J Epidemiol 152:453–62.Google Scholar

  • Zhu SK, Wang ZM, Heshka S, Heo M, Faith MS, Heymsfield SB. 2002. Waist circumference and obesity-associated risk factors among whites in the third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey: clinical action thresholds. Am J Clin Nutr 76:743–9.PubMedGoogle Scholar

About the article

Received: 2015-03-21

Accepted: 2015-05-22

Published Online: 2015-06-26

Published in Print: 2015-06-01


Citation Information: Anthropological Review, ISSN (Online) 2083-4594, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/anre-2015-0011.

Export Citation

© Anthropological Review. This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 3.0 License. BY-NC-ND 3.0

Citing Articles

Here you can find all Crossref-listed publications in which this article is cited. If you would like to receive automatic email messages as soon as this article is cited in other publications, simply activate the “Citation Alert” on the top of this page.

[3]
Piotr Chmielewski, Bartłomiej Strzelec, Krzysztof Borysławski, Krzysztof Chmielowiec, Jolanta Chmielowiec, and Paweł Dąbrowski
Anthropological Review, 2016, Volume 79, Number 3
[4]
Piotr Chmielewski, Krzysztof Borysławski, Krzysztof Chmielowiec, and Jolanta Chmielowiec
Anthropological Review, 2015, Volume 78, Number 3
[5]
Piotr Paweł Chmielewski, Krzysztof Borysławski, Krzysztof Chmielowiec, Jolanta Chmielowiec, and Bartłomiej Strzelec
Annals of Anatomy - Anatomischer Anzeiger, 2016, Volume 204, Page 1

Comments (0)

Please log in or register to comment.
Log in