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Annals of Animal Science

The Journal of National Research Institute of Animal Production

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Effect of slaughter age on performance and meat quality of slow-growing broiler chickens

Katarzyna Połtowicz
  • Department of Animal Genetics and Breeding, National Research Institute of Animal Production, 32-083 Balice n. Kraków, Poland
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Joanna Doktor
  • Department of Animal Genetics and Breeding, National Research Institute of Animal Production, 32-083 Balice n. Kraków, Poland
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
Published Online: 2012-11-09 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/v10220-012-0052-0

Abstract

The aim of the study was to determine the effect of age of slow-growing broiler chickens on growth performance and meat quality. Subjects were hybrids between Hubbard meat-type cockerels and Yellowleg Partridge Polish native hens. Chickens were raised indoors to 56, 70 or 84 days of age on deep litter under the same environmental conditions and fed ad litibum complete starter, grower and finisher diets containing 20, 18, 15 CP and 2825, 2825 and 2740 ME/kg feed, respectively. At the end of the experiment, 5 cockerels and 5 pullets were selected for slaughter from each age group and subjected to a simplified carcass analysis. Breast muscles and leg muscles were evaluated for technological properties such as pH, colour, water holding capacity, drip loss, cooking loss and shear force. The results were analysed statistically using analysis of variance and Duncan’s multiple range test. The duration of rearing had an effect on carcass and meat quality. The highest, statistically significant differences in the analysed traits were found between chickens slaughtered at 56 and 84 days of age. The highest dressing percentage was obtained in birds raised until 84 days of age. Youngest birds were characterized by the poorest muscle content of the carcass and the least favourable technological properties of meat. The highest growth efficiency was obtained when the hybrids were raised to 70 days of age.

Streszczenie

Celem badań było określenie wpływu wieku wolno rosnących brojlerów na wyniki odchowu i jakość mięsa. Badaniami objęto mieszańce uzyskane w wyniku krzyżowania kogutów mięsnych Hubbard z kurami polskiej rodzimej rasy Żółtonóżka Kuropatwiana. Kurczęta utrzymywano do 56., 70. lub 84. dnia życia w kurniku na głębokiej ściółce w jednakowych warunkach środowiskowych i żywiono do woli pełnoporcjowymi mieszankami starter, grower i finiszer zawierającymi odpowiednio 20, 18, 15 BO oraz 2825, 2825, 2740 EM/kg paszy. Po zakończeniu doświadczenia z każdej grupy wiekowej wybrano do uboju po 5 kogutków i 5 kurek, u których przeprowadzono uproszczoną analizę rzeźną. Mięśnie piersiowe i mięśnie nóg poddano ocenie wybranych parametrów technologicznych: pH, barwy, wodochłonności, wycieku swobodnego, strat termicznych i siły cięcia. Wyniki opracowano statystycznie przy pomocy analizy wariancji i testu Duncana. Stwierdzono wpływ długości odchowu na jakość tuszki i mięsa kurcząt. Największe, statystycznie istotne różnice pod względem ocenianych cech wystąpiły między kurczętami ubijanymi w 56. i 84. dniu życia. Najlepszą wydajność rzeźną uzyskały ptaki utrzymywane do 84. dnia życia. Ptaki najmłodsze charakteryzowały się najsłabszym umięśnieniem tuszki i najmniej korzystnymi technologicznymi właściwościami mięsa. Najlepszą efektywność odchowu uzyskano utrzymując mieszańce do 70. dnia życia.

Keywords: broiler chickens; slow growing; hybrid; age; meat quality

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About the article

Published Online: 2012-11-09

Published in Print: 2012-09-01


Citation Information: Annals of Animal Science, Volume 12, Issue 4, Pages 621–631, ISSN (Online) 2300-8733, DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/v10220-012-0052-0.

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