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Annals of Animal Science

The Journal of National Research Institute of Animal Production

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The Usefulness of Prebiotics and Probiotics in Modern Poultry Nutrition: a Review / Przydatność prebiotyków i probiotyków w nowoczesnym żywieniu drobiu – przegląd

Mohamed Nabil Alloui
  • Corresponding author
  • Department of Animal Nutrition and Feed Science, National Research Institute of Animal Production, 32-083 Balice n. Kraków, Poland
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/ Witold Szczurek
  • Department of Animal Nutrition and Feed Science, National Research Institute of Animal Production, 32-083 Balice n. Kraków, Poland
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/ Sylwester Świątkiewicz
  • Department of Animal Nutrition and Feed Science, National Research Institute of Animal Production, 32-083 Balice n. Kraków, Poland
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Published Online: 2013-01-29 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/v10220-012-0055-x

Abstract

A probiotic is a culture of live microorganisms that can manipulate and maintain a beneficial microflora in the gut. Prebiotics are nondigestible feed ingredients that can positively affect the animal organism by stimulating the activity and growth of beneficial native bacteria in the gastrointestinal tract and eliminate the pathogenic ones. Some studies have shown their beneficial effects when they have been used separately or simultaneously in the form of synbiotics, to obtain enhanced mutual effect. These supplements were proposed with success as alternatives to antibiotic growth-promoting feed additives but further studies are needed to better understand their mode of action and effects. This review article presents growing interest in using these antibiotic alternatives, the potential mechanism of their action in the live organism, and discusses some recent data on the effects of these supplements in poultry nutrition.

Streszczenie Probiotyki to kultury żywych mikroorganizmów, które modyfikują i utrzymują korzystną mikroflorę przewodu pokarmowego. Prebiotyki to niestrawne składniki paszy korzystnie wpływające na organizmy zwierząt poprzez stymulowanie aktywności i wzrostu korzystnych bakterii naturalnie występujących w przewodzie pokarmowym i eliminowanie bakterii patogennych. Niektóre badania wykazały ich korzystne efekty przy stosowaniu pojedynczym lub równocześnie w postaci synbiotyków, w celu nasilenia ich wzajemnego działania. Dodatki te z powodzeniem stosowano jako alternatywę dla antybiotykowych stymulatorów wzrostu w paszy, jednak konieczne są dalsze badania w celu lepszego zrozumienia sposobu ich działania i skutków. Niniejszy artykuł przeglądowy prezentuje rosnące zainteresowanie użyciem tych zamienników antybiotyków i potencjalny mechanizm ich działania w żywych organizmach, omawia także najnowsze dane dotyczące wpływu tych dodatków w żywieniu drobiu.

Keywords : probiotic; prebiotic; synbiotic; poultry; laying hens; broilers

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About the article

This study was finansed from statutory activity, project No. 2257.1.


Published Online: 2013-01-29

Published in Print: 2013-01-01


Citation Information: Annals of Animal Science, Volume 13, Issue 1, Pages 17–32, ISSN (Online) , ISSN (Print) 1642-3402, DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/v10220-012-0055-x.

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