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Annals of Animal Science

The Journal of National Research Institute of Animal Production

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The Polymorphism of Cytogenetic Markers in the Farm and Wild-Living Raccoon Dog (Nyctereutes Procyonoides) / Polimorfizm Markerów Cytogenetycznych U Jenota (Nyctereutes Procyonoides) W Populacjach Hodowlanych I Dziko Żyjących

Monika Bugno-Poniewierska
  • Corresponding author
  • Laboratory of Genomics, National Research Institute of Animal Production, 32-083 Balice n. Kraków, Poland
  • Institute of Applied Biotechnology and Basic Science, Werynia 502, 36-100 Kolbuszowa, Poland
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  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Mariusz Wroński / Leszek Potocki / Klaudia Pawlina
  • Laboratory of Genomics, National Research Institute of Animal Production, 32-083 Balice n. Kraków, Poland
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Maciej Wnuk / Grażyna Jeżewska-Witkowska
  • Department of Biological Basis of Animal Production, University of Life Sciences in Lublin, Akademicka 13, 20-950 Lublin, Poland
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Ewa Słota
Published Online: 2013-10-20 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/aoas-2013-0046

Abstract

The raccoon dog (Nyctereutes procyonoides) is a mammalian species that belongs to Canidae family, order Carnivora. This species represents both animals living in the wild and farm animals used in the fur industry. Raccoon dogs have the most ‘primitive’ karyotype among Canidae family. The Chinese raccoon dog (Nyctereutes procyonoides procyonoides) is characterised by a variable number of chromosomes (2n = 54 + 0-4 B). B chromosomes are supernumerary chromosomes occurring in addition to the basic set of A chromosomes in the cells of many organisms. The function and origin of these additional chromosomes is not clear. The aim of this work was to determine possible karyotypic differences between wild-living and farm populations, using methods of classical and molecular cytogenetics. The most useful cytogenetic markers to analyse karyotype polymorphism of canine are the number of B chromosomes and nucleolar organizer regions. A variation was identified in the number of B chromosomes and nucleolar organizer regions (NORs) in cells between wild-living and breeding populations.

Streszczenie

Jenot (Nyctereutes procyonoides) jest gatunkiem ssaka zaliczanym do rodziny psowatych (Canidae), rzędu drapieżne (Carnivora). Gatunek ten reprezentuje zarówno zwierzęta wolno żyjące, jak i hodowlane, wykorzystywane w przemyśle futrzarskim. Posiada najbardziej prymitywny kariotyp wśród psowatych. Jenot chiński (Nyctereutes procyonoides procyonoides) charakteryzuje się zmienną liczbą chromosomów 2n = 54+ 0-4 B. Chromosomy B są chromosomami nadliczbowymi, występującymi oprócz podstawowego zestawu chromosomów A w komórkach wielu organizmów. Nie są znane ich funkcja ani pochodzenie. Badania miały na celu określenie różnic, jakie mogą występować na poziomie chromosomowym między populacjami dziko żyjącymi i hodowlanymi, z wykorzystaniem metod cytogenetyki klasycznej i molekularnej. Zaobserwowano polimorfizm w liczbie chromosomów B i regionów jąderkotwórczych (NOR) w komórkach pomiędzy populacjami dziko żyjącymi i hodowlanymi.

Keywords : wild-living raccoon dog; farm raccoon dog; cytogenetic markers; polymorphism

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About the article

Published Online: 2013-10-20

Published in Print: 2013-09-01


Citation Information: Annals of Animal Science, Volume 13, Issue 4, Pages 701–713, ISSN (Print) 1642-3402, DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/aoas-2013-0046.

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[1]
Monika Bugno-Poniewierska, Przemysław Solek, Mariusz Wronski, Leszek Potocki, Grażyna Jezewska-Witkowska, and Maciej Wnuk
Hereditas, 2014, Volume 151, Number 6, Page 169

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