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Annual of Navigation

The Journal of Polish Navigational Forum

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HUMAN FACTOR — THE WEAKEST LINK OF SECURITY SYSTEM

Małgorzata Chojnowska
  • Corresponding author
  • Polish Naval Academy
  • Email:
/ Iwona Królikowska
  • Corresponding author
  • Polish Naval Academy
  • Email:
Published Online: 2014-02-27 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/aon-2013-0001

ABSTRACT

The authors of the following article reveal what happens with so-called ‘human factor’ on board during routine work as well as in life-threatening situations. They analyze two groups of variables, which determine safe behaviors: subjective (emotional, temperamental, sense of control, vocational experiences, individual experiences in emergencies) and social conditioning (organizational culture of workplace, safety culture). They point out, that in todays’ maritime education the analysis of human behaviors on board and broadening of ideals of maritime safety culture, are being devoted not enough attention. No safety system, even the most advanced one in respect of procedures, law, technology or corporeality can reduce all the possibilities of making a mistake by a human being. Therefore the authors put forward a thesis that it is a human factor that is the weakest link of security system. Based on this theory future trainings of mariners should focus on reduction of human factor in the process of making mistakes.

STRESZCZENIE

W artykule przedstawiono znaczenie tak zwanego czynnika ludzkiego w trakcie rutynowej podróży statku oraz w sytuacjach zagrożenia życia. Analizie poddano dwie grupy zmiennych, które określają bezpieczne zachowania: subiektywne (emocje, temperament, zmysły, doświadczenie zawodowe, indywidualne doświadczenia wyniesione z sytuacji krytycznych) i uwarunkowania społeczne (kultura organizacyjna oraz kultura bezpieczeństwa). Zwrócono uwagę na niedocenianie we współczesnym szkolnictwie morskim analizy ludzkich zachowań oraz potrzeby upowszechniania ideałów morskiej kultury bezpieczeństwa. Żaden system bezpieczeństwa, nawet najbardziej zaawansowany pod względem proceduralnym, prawnym, technologicznym czy organizacyjnym, wciąż nie potrafi wyeliminować ryzyka popełniania błędu przez człowieka. Dlatego autorki wysuwają tezę, że czynnikludzki jest nadal najsłabszym ogniwem systemu bezpieczeństwa. Opierając się na takim założeniu, proponują, by podczas szkolenia marynarzy w większej mierze uczyć, jak redukować błędy czynnika ludzkiego.

Keywords: human factor; security system; maritime safet culture

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About the article

Published Online: 2014-02-27

Published in Print: 2013-06-01



Citation Information: Annual of Navigation, ISSN (Online) 1640-8632, DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/aon-2013-0001. Export Citation

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