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Advanced Optical Technologies

Editor-in-Chief: Pfeffer, Michael

CiteScore 2018: 1.42

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2018: 0.499
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2018: 1.346

In co-publication with THOSS Media GmbH

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Volume 8, Issue 3-4


Manufacturing strategies for scalable high-precision 3D printing of structures from the micro to the macro range

Benedikt Stender / Fabian Hilbert / Yannick Dupuis / Alexander Krupp / Willi Mantei / Ruth Houbertz
Published Online: 2019-05-30 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/aot-2019-0022


Industrial high-precision 3D Printing (HP3DP) via two-photon absorption (TPA) provides freedom in design for the fabrication of novel products that are not feasible with conventional techniques. Up to now, 2PP-fabrication has only been used for structures on the micrometer scale due to limited traveling ranges of the translation stages and the field-of-view (FoV) of microscope objectives (diameters below 0.5 mm). For industrial applications, not only high throughput but also scalability in size is essential. For this purpose, this contribution gives insights into different manufacturing strategies composed of varying exposure modes, fabrication modes, and structuring modes, which enable the generation of large-scale optical elements without relying on stitching. With strategies like stage-only mode or synchronized movement of galvoscanners and translation stages, optical elements with several millimeters in diameter and freeform shape can be fabricated with optical surface quality.

Keywords: freeform; high-precision 3D printing; manufacturing strategy; scalable lenses


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About the article

Received: 2019-02-15

Accepted: 2019-04-23

Published Online: 2019-05-30

Published in Print: 2019-06-26

Funding Source: Bundesministerium für Wirtschaft und Energie

Award identifier / Grant number: TOU-1512-004

Part of the work was funded by Bundesministerium für Wirtschaft und Energie, Funder Id: http://dx.doi.org/10.13039/501100006360, Grant Number: TOU-1512-004.

Citation Information: Advanced Optical Technologies, Volume 8, Issue 3-4, Pages 225–231, ISSN (Online) 2192-8584, ISSN (Print) 2192-8576, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/aot-2019-0022.

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