Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
Show Summary Details
More options …

Archives of Thermodynamics

The Journal of Committee on Thermodynamics and Combustion of Polish Academy of Sciences

4 Issues per year


CiteScore 2016: 0.54

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2016: 0.319
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2016: 0.598

Open Access
Online
ISSN
2083-6023
See all formats and pricing
More options …

Pyrolysis of biomass and refuse-derived fuel performance in laboratory scale batch reactor

Jacek Kluska
  • The Szewalski Institute of Fluid-Flow Machinery, Polish Academy of Sciences, Fiszera 14, 80-231 Gdańsk, Poland
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Marek Klein
  • The Szewalski Institute of Fluid-Flow Machinery, Polish Academy of Sciences, Fiszera 14, 80-231 Gdańsk, Poland
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Paweł Kazimierski
  • The Szewalski Institute of Fluid-Flow Machinery, Polish Academy of Sciences, Fiszera 14, 80-231 Gdańsk, Poland
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Dariusz Kardaś
  • The Szewalski Institute of Fluid-Flow Machinery, Polish Academy of Sciences, Fiszera 14, 80-231 Gdańsk, Poland
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
Published Online: 2014-08-15 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/aoter-2014-0009

Abstract

The results of pyrolysis of pine chips and refuse derived fuel fractions are presented. The experiments were carried out in a pilot pyrolysis reactor. The feedstock was analyzed by an elemental analyzer and the X-ray fluorescence spectrometer to determine the elemental composition. To find out optimum conditions for pyrolysis and mass loss as a function of temperature the thermogravimetric analysis was applied. Gases from the thermogravimetric analysis were directed to the infrared spectrometer using gas-flow cuvette to online analysis of gas composition. Chemical composition of the produced gas was measured using gas chromatography with a thermal conductivity detector and a flame ionization detector. The product analysis also took into account the mass balance of individual products.

Keywords: Slow pyrolysis; Fast pyrolysis; Oil; Refuse derived fuel

References

  • [1] Chiemchaisri C., Charnnok B. , Visvanathan C.: Recovery of plastic wastes from dumpsite as refuse-derived fuel and its utilization in small gasification system. Bioresource Technol. 101(2010), 1522-1527.Web of ScienceGoogle Scholar

  • [2] Neves D., Thunman H.,Matos A., Tarelho L., Gómez-Barea A.: Characterization and prediction of biomass pyrolysis products. Prog. Energy Combust. 37(2011), 611-630.Web of ScienceGoogle Scholar

  • [3] Zhurinsh Z., Zandersons J.,Dobele G.: Slow pyrolysis studies for utilization of impregnated waste timber materials. J. Anal. Appl. Pyrol. 74(2005), 439-444.Google Scholar

  • [4] Singh S., Wu C., Williams P.: Pyrolysis of waste materials using TGA-MS and TGA-FTIR as complementary characterisation techniques. J. Anal. Appl. Pyrol. 94(2012), 99-107.Web of ScienceGoogle Scholar

  • [5] Putun A.E., Onal E., Uzun B.B., Ozbay N.: Comparison between the ‘slow’ and ‘fast’ pyrolysis of tobacco residua. Ind. Crop. Prod. 26(2007), 307-314.Web of ScienceGoogle Scholar

  • [6] Phan A.N., Ryu C., Sharifi V.N., Swithenbank J.: Characterisation of slow pyrolysis products from segregated wastes for energy production. J. Anal. Appl. Pyrol. 81(2008), 65-71.Google Scholar

  • [7] Williams P.T., Besler S.: The influence of temperature and heating rate on the slow pyrolysis of biomass. Renew. Energ. 7(1996), 233-250.Google Scholar

  • [8] Buah W.K., Cunliffe A.M., Williams P.T.: Characterization of products from the pyrolysis of municipal solid waste. Process Saf. Environ. 85(2007), 450-457.Web of ScienceGoogle Scholar

  • [9] Goyal H.B., Seal D.,Saxena R.C.: Bio-fuels from thermochemical conversion of renewable resources: A review. Renew. Sust. Energ. Rev. 12(2008), 504-517.Web of ScienceGoogle Scholar

  • [10] Onay O., Beis S.H.,Kockar O.M.: Fast pyrolysis of rape seed in a well-swept fixed-bed reactor. J. Anal. Appl. Pyrol. 58-59(2001), 995-1007.Google Scholar

  • [11] Ertas M., Hakki Alma M.: Pyrolysis of laurel (Laurus nobilis L.) extraction residues in a fixed-bed reactor: Characterization of bio-oil and bio-char. J. Anal. Appl. Pyrol. 88(2010), 22-29.Web of ScienceGoogle Scholar

  • [12] Acikgoz C., Kockar O.M.: Flash pyrolysis of linseed (Linum usitatissimum L.) for production of liquid fuels. J. Anal. Appl. Pyrol. 78(2007), 406-412.Google Scholar

  • [13] Demirbas A.: Effect of temperature on pyrolysis products from four nut shells. J. Anal. Appl. Pyrol. 76(2006), 285-289.Google Scholar

  • [14] Gerc H.F.: Bio-oil production from Onopordum acanthium L. by slow pyrolysis. J. Anal. Appl. Pyrol. 92(2011), 233-238. Web of ScienceGoogle Scholar

About the article

Received: 2013-03-08

Published Online: 2014-08-15

Published in Print: 2014-03-01


Citation Information: Archives of Thermodynamics, ISSN (Online) 2083-6023, DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/aoter-2014-0009.

Export Citation

© Polish Academy of Sciences. This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 3.0 License. BY-NC-ND 3.0

Comments (0)

Please log in or register to comment.
Log in