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Acta Parasitologica

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Volume 59, Issue 1


Infective larvae of Rhabdiasidae (Nematoda): comparative morphology of seven European species

Yuriy Kuzmin / Kerstin Junker
  • Agricultural Research Council-Onderstepoort Veterinary Institute, Private Bag X05, Onderstepoort, 0110, South Africa
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/ Odile Bain
  • Muséum National d’Histoire Naturelle, Parasitologie comparée, UMR 7205 CNRS, CP52, 61 rue Buffon, 75231, Paris, Cedex 05, France
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Published Online: 2014-02-26 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/s11686-014-0206-6


The morphology of infective third-stage larvae of Rhabdias bufonis, R. rubrovenosa, R. sphaerocephala, R. fuscovenosa, R. elaphe, Entomelas entomelas and E. dujardini is described. The sheath structure in the studied larvae appeared to be similar to that described in other species of the family Rhabdiasidae, its chequered aspect being caused by a combination of outer longitudinal striations and inner longitudinal as well as transverse ridges. The larvae were similar in general morphology but differed in the presence/absence of anterior apical protuberances (pseudolabia), the shape and ornamentation of the tail tip, and the structure of lateral alae in the caudal region of the body. No relationship between the morphological characters of the larvae of the studied species and their taxonomic position or specificity of adult parasites to a particular host group was observed. Regardless, the larvae of each species can be identified by a combination of morphological peculiarities in the anterior and caudal regions of the body.

Keywords: Rhabdiasidae; Rhabdias; Entomelas; infective larvae; sheath

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About the article

Published Online: 2014-02-26

Published in Print: 2014-03-01

Citation Information: Acta Parasitologica, Volume 59, Issue 1, Pages 31–41, ISSN (Online) 1896-1851, DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/s11686-014-0206-6.

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© 2014 W. Stefański Institute of Parasitology, PAS. This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 3.0 License. BY-NC-ND 3.0

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