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Acta Parasitologica

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Parasitic infections detected by FLOTAC in zoo mammals from Warsaw, Poland

Gianpaolo Maesano
  • Unit of Parasitology and Parasitic Diseases, Department of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Productions, University of Naples Federico II, Via della Veterinaria 1, 80137, Naples, Italy
  • CreMOPaR. Centro Regionale per il Monitoraggio delle Parassitosi, Strada Statale, Località Borgo Cioffi, 84025, Eboli (SA), Italy
  • :
/ Michele Capasso
  • Unit of Parasitology and Parasitic Diseases, Department of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Productions, University of Naples Federico II, Via della Veterinaria 1, 80137, Naples, Italy
  • CreMOPaR. Centro Regionale per il Monitoraggio delle Parassitosi, Strada Statale, Località Borgo Cioffi, 84025, Eboli (SA), Italy
  • :
/ Davide Ianniello
  • Unit of Parasitology and Parasitic Diseases, Department of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Productions, University of Naples Federico II, Via della Veterinaria 1, 80137, Naples, Italy
  • CreMOPaR. Centro Regionale per il Monitoraggio delle Parassitosi, Strada Statale, Località Borgo Cioffi, 84025, Eboli (SA), Italy
  • :
/ Giuseppe Cringoli
  • Unit of Parasitology and Parasitic Diseases, Department of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Productions, University of Naples Federico II, Via della Veterinaria 1, 80137, Naples, Italy
  • CreMOPaR. Centro Regionale per il Monitoraggio delle Parassitosi, Strada Statale, Località Borgo Cioffi, 84025, Eboli (SA), Italy
  • :
/ Laura Rinaldi
  • Unit of Parasitology and Parasitic Diseases, Department of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Productions, University of Naples Federico II, Via della Veterinaria 1, 80137, Naples, Italy
  • CreMOPaR. Centro Regionale per il Monitoraggio delle Parassitosi, Strada Statale, Località Borgo Cioffi, 84025, Eboli (SA), Italy
  • :
Published Online: 2014-05-15 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/s11686-014-0249-8

Abstract

The aim of this study was to estimate the occurrence of intestinal parasites in groups of mammals kept in the Warsaw zoological garden (Poland). 71 pools of fecal samples were analyzed using the FLOTAC techniques. 48% of animals were positive and 47% of positivities showed multiple infections. Toxocara cati (71.4%) was found in felines; marsupials were infected with Coccidia (90%). Giardia spp. (24.0%), Blastocystis spp. (12.3%), Iodamoeba spp. (10.0%), Enterobius vermicularis (6.0%) and Entamoeba coli (3.3%) were found in primates. Gastrointestinal strongyles (60.5%) were prevalent in ruminants which resulted positive also to Coccidia (Eimeria spp. = 50.0%), Trichuris spp. (25.0%) and Nematodirus (14.0%). Strongyles (34.0%) were the most frequent parasites in monogastric herbivores, followed by Parascaris equorum (17.0%). None of the animals showed any symptom associated with gastrointestinal parasitic infections. According to our results the need to prevent, diagnose, control, and treat intestinal parasitism trough specific control programs is mandatory for animal welfare in order to limit the spread of parasitic infections in animals and humans.

Keywords: FLOTAC; intestinal parasites; mammals; zoo

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Published Online: 2014-05-15

Published in Print: 2014-06-01


Citation Information: Acta Parasitologica. Volume 59, Issue 2, Pages 343–353, ISSN (Online) 1896-1851, DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/s11686-014-0249-8, May 2014

© 2014 W. Stefański Institute of Parasitology, PAS. This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 3.0 License. (CC BY-NC-ND 3.0)

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