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Acta Parasitologica

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Volume 60, Issue 1


Molecular detection of Dirofilaria immitis, Hepatozoon canis, Babesia spp., Anaplasma platys and Ehrlichia canis in dogs on Costa Rica

Lanjing Wei
  • Jiangsu Co-Innovation Center for the Prevention and Control of Important Animal Infectious Diseases and Zoonoses, Yangzhou University College of Veterinary Medicine, Yangzhou, Jiangsu, P.R. China
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Patrick Kelly / Kate Ackerson / Heba S. El-Mahallawy
  • Jiangsu Co-Innovation Center for the Prevention and Control of Important Animal Infectious Diseases and Zoonoses, Yangzhou University College of Veterinary Medicine, Yangzhou, Jiangsu, P.R. China
  • Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Suez Canal University, Ismailia, Egypt
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Bernhard Kaltenboeck / Chengming Wang
  • Corresponding author
  • Jiangsu Co-Innovation Center for the Prevention and Control of Important Animal Infectious Diseases and Zoonoses, Yangzhou University College of Veterinary Medicine, Yangzhou, Jiangsu, P.R. China
  • Email
  • Other articles by this author:
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Published Online: 2014-12-30 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/ap-2015-0003


Although vector-borne diseases are important causes of morbidity and mortality in dogs in tropical areas, there is little information on these conditions in Costa Rica. In PCRs of blood from dogs in Costa Rica, we did not detect DNAs of Rickettsia (R.) felis and Coxiella (C.) burnetii but we did find evidence of infection with Dirofilaria (D.) immitis (9/40, 22.5%), Hepatozoon (H.) canis (15/40, 37.5%), Babesia spp. (10/40, 25%; 2 with B. gibsoni and 8 with B. vogeli), Anaplasma (A.) platys (3/40, 7.5%) and Ehrlichia (E.) canis (20/40, 50%). Nine dogs (22.5%) were free of any vector-borne pathogens while 14 (35%) were infected with a single pathogen, 11 (27.5%) with two, 4 (10%) with three, 1 (2.5%) with four, and 1 (2.5%) with five pathogens. Dogs in Costa Rica are commonly infected with vector-borne agents

Keywords: Costa Rica; Dirofilaria immitis; Babesia gibsoni/vogeli; Anaplasma platys; Ehrlichia canis; Hepatozoon canis


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About the article

Received: 2014-04-07

Revised: 2014-07-14

Accepted: 2014-07-25

Published Online: 2014-12-30

Published in Print: 2014-03-01

Citation Information: Acta Parasitologica, Volume 60, Issue 1, Pages 21–25, ISSN (Online) 1896-1851, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/ap-2015-0003.

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