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Acta Parasitologica

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Volume 60, Issue 2


Angiostrongylus vasorum infection in red foxes (Vulpes vulpes) in southern Italy

Mario Santoro
  • Corresponding author
  • Department of Public Health and Infectious Diseases, Section of Parasitology, Sapienza University of Rome, Italy
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/ Nicola D’Alessio / Francesca Di Prisco / Benedetto Neola
  • Department of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Productions, University of Naples Federico II, Italy
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/ Brunella Restucci
  • Department of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Productions, University of Naples Federico II, Italy
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/ Teresa B. Pagano
  • Department of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Productions, University of Naples Federico II, Italy
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/ Vincenzo Veneziano
  • Department of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Productions, University of Naples Federico II, Italy
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Published Online: 2015-03-25 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/ap-2015-0050


Angiostrongylus vasorum (Nematoda: Angiostrongylidae) infection was detected at post-mortem examination in the pulmonary arteries and hearts of 34/102 (33,3%) of red foxes (Vulpes vulpes) from the Campania Region in southern Italy. Pathological changes consisted of granulomatous interstitial pneumonia caused by larvae and intravascular pulmonary adult nematodes. These changes confirm that angiostrongylosis infection in red foxes has a mainly chronic course, in which the infected host may disperse parasite larvae in the environment over its lifetime. Results suggest that the life cycle of A. vasorum is well established in the red fox in the Campania Region representing a potential infection risk for dogs.

Keywords: Angiostrongylus vasorum; red fox; Vulpes vulpes; cardiopulmonary infection


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About the article

Received: 2014-09-12

Revised: 2014-11-20

Accepted: 2014-12-01

Published Online: 2015-03-25

Published in Print: 2015-06-01

Citation Information: Acta Parasitologica, Volume 60, Issue 2, Pages 356–359, ISSN (Online) 1896-1851, ISSN (Print) 1230-2821, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/ap-2015-0050.

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© 2015 W. Stefański Institute of Parasitology, PAS. Copyright Clearance Center

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