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Acta Parasitologica

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Volume 60, Issue 3 (Sep 2015)

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Molecular epidemiology, risk factors and hematochemical alterations induced by Theileria annulata in bovines of Punjab (India)

Ashuma Tuli
  • Department of Veterinary Parasitology, College of Veterinary Science, Guru Angad Dev Veterinary and Animal Sciences University, Firozpur Road, Near Verka Milk Plant, Ludhiana, Punjab 141004, India
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/ Lachhman Das Singla
  • Corresponding author
  • Department of Veterinary Parasitology, College of Veterinary Science, Guru Angad Dev Veterinary and Animal Sciences University, Firozpur Road, Near Verka Milk Plant, Ludhiana, Punjab 141004, India
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/ Amrita Sharma
  • Department of Veterinary Parasitology, College of Veterinary Science, Guru Angad Dev Veterinary and Animal Sciences University, Firozpur Road, Near Verka Milk Plant, Ludhiana, Punjab 141004, India
  • Other articles by this author:
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/ Mandeep Singh Bal
  • Department of Veterinary Parasitology, College of Veterinary Science, Guru Angad Dev Veterinary and Animal Sciences University, Firozpur Road, Near Verka Milk Plant, Ludhiana, Punjab 141004, India
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Gursimran Filia
  • Animal Disease Research Centre, College of Veterinary Science, Guru Angad Dev Veterinary and Animal Sciences University, Firozpur Road, Near Verka Milk Plant, Ludhiana, Punjab 141004, India
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  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Paramjit Kaur
  • Department of Veterinary Parasitology, College of Veterinary Science, Guru Angad Dev Veterinary and Animal Sciences University, Firozpur Road, Near Verka Milk Plant, Ludhiana, Punjab 141004, India
  • Other articles by this author:
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Published Online: 2015-06-16 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/ap-2015-0053

Abstract

Bovine tropical theileriosis, caused by Theileria annulata, is one of the economically important fatal tick borne haemoprotozoan diseases of dairy animals. The aim of present investigation was to map the distribution of T. annulata in bovines of Punjab state of India in relation to various risk factors including age, sex of animals, location and management of farms. In a cross sectional study, a total of 1278 blood samples were randomly collected from twenty districts falling in five major agro-climatic zones of Punjab. All the samples were screened by blood smear examination followed by polymerase chain reaction targeting SSU rRNA gene for Theileria spp. PCR positive samples (n = 386) for Theileria spp. were then analyzed for T. annulata by amplification of Tams1 gene. Overall prevalence of T. annulata was found to be 29.26% in Punjab, with highest in western Zone (40.49%, 95% CI = 35.57-45.41) and lowest in submountain zone (18.90%, 95% CI = 13.73-24.06). The propensity of incidence of T. annulata was found to be highest in cross bred cattle (32.40%, 95% CI = 29.87-34.94), followed by indigenous cattle (19.64%, 95% CI = 10.67-28.61) and buffaloes (19.2%, 95% CI = 14.99-23.41). Between the two sexes, incidence of T. annulata was higher in female animals. Calves less than 6 months of age were found to be more prone to theileriosis.

Keywords : Agroclimatic zones; dairy animals; Tams1 gene; haematobiochemical alterations; risk factors; Theileria annulata; Punjab

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About the article

Received: 2014-11-24

Revised: 2014-12-28

Accepted: 2015-02-12

Published Online: 2015-06-16

Published in Print: 2015-09-01


Citation Information: Acta Parasitologica, ISSN (Online) 1896-1851, ISSN (Print) 1230-2821, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/ap-2015-0053.

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