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Acta Parasitologica

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Volume 60, Issue 3 (Sep 2015)

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A new Cosmocercoides species (Nematoda: Cosmocercidae), C. tonkinensis n. sp., in the scale-bellied tree lizard (Acanthosaura lepidogaster) from Vietnam

Binh Thi Tran
  • Department of Parasitology, Institute of Ecology and Biological Resources (IEBR), Vietnam Academy of Science and Technology (VAST), 18 Hoang Quoc Viet Road, Cau Giay, Hanoi, Vietnam
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Hiroshi Sato
  • Corresponding author
  • Laboratory of Parasitology, Joint Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Yamaguchi University, 1677-1 Yoshida, Yamaguchi 753-8515, Japan
  • Email
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Pham Van Luc
Published Online: 2015-06-16 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/ap-2015-0056

Abstract

A new cosmocercid nematode species, Cosmocercoides tonkinensis n. sp., is described from the scale-bellied tree lizard (Acanthosaura lepidogaster) in the northern and central parts of Vietnam. The new species is characterized by medium-sized male worms (4.2-5.1 mm in length and 0.34-0.37 mm in width) relative to known members of the genus, with lateral alae, two sharply pointed spicules of equal length (0.22-0.26 mm in length), a gubernaculum (0.113-0.122 mm in length), 16 or 17 pairs of caudal rosettes, and the presence of somatic papillae. Female worms are slightly larger than male worms (5.3-5.5 mm in length and 0.32-0.42 mm in width), with the vulva situated at 3/5 from the anterior end, and elliptical embryonated eggs, 0.064- 0.084 mm long by 0.040-0.048 mm wide. From 19 recorded species of the genus, the morphology of C. tonkinensis n. sp. is closest to C. multipapillata, C. bufonis, and C. pulcher reported from toads and frogs in East Asia. The present new species is differentiated from them by the number of caudal rosettes, tail length relative to body length, presence of somatic papillae and lateral alae, and embryonated eggs. Furthermore, after C. variabilis in North America and C. sauria in Brazil, this new species is only the third species to be recorded from a reptilian host. The 18S ribosomal RNA gene (rDNA) of the new species is almost identical to that of C. dukae infecting land snails and slugs in North America. Between the present new species and C. pulcher from a toad (Bufo japonicus) in Japan, remarkably fewer nucleotide changes were noticed in the 18S to 28S rDNA including the internal transcribed spacer regions. The molecular phylogenetic position of the genus Cosmocercoides is briefly discussed.

Keywords : Nematode; Cosmocercoides tonkinensis n. sp.; Acanthosaura lepidogaster; Vietnam; lizard

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About the article

Received: 2014-04-07

Revised: 2015-01-08

Accepted: 2015-02-25

Published Online: 2015-06-16

Published in Print: 2015-09-01


Citation Information: Acta Parasitologica, ISSN (Online) 1896-1851, ISSN (Print) 1230-2821, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/ap-2015-0056.

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