Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
Show Summary Details
More options …

Acta Parasitologica

4 Issues per year

IMPACT FACTOR 2016: 1.160
5-year IMPACT FACTOR: 1.185

CiteScore 2017: 1.17

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2017: 0.641
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2017: 0.738

See all formats and pricing
More options …
Volume 60, Issue 3


Comparison of pathogens infection level in Ips typographus (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) beetles sampled in pheromone traps and at place of overwintering

Karolina Lukášová
  • Department of Forest Protection and Entomology, Faculty of Forestry and Wood Sciences, Czech University of Life Sciences, Kamýcká 129, 165 21 Prague 6, Czech Republic
  • Email
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Jaroslav Holuša
  • Department of Forest Protection and Entomology, Faculty of Forestry and Wood Sciences, Czech University of Life Sciences, Kamýcká 129, 165 21 Prague 6, Czech Republic
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
Published Online: 2015-06-16 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/ap-2015-0064


The importance of pathogens in the population dynamics of Ips typographus remains a subject of ongoing debate. The main objective of our experiment was to compare the pathogen infection levels of individuals overwintering in bark with the levels of individuals from the same population captured with pheromone traps and thereby to determine primary answers as to whether it can be confirmed that pathogenic organisms affect the flight ability of bark beetles or their ability to leave their places of overwintering. A total of 402 I. typographus individuals were analyzed at a study location under limited management. Three pathogens were confirmed to be present: the gregarine Gregarina typographi, the virus ItEPV, and the microsporidium Nosema typographi. Infection levels of Gregarina typographi and ItEPV were the same in beetles collected at places of overwintering and in those beetles collected in pheromone traps within the immediate vicinity. As these pathogens infect the host’s intestine, the tendency to leave the places of overwintering is apparently not diminished. A similar analysis and comparison of pathogens located in the fat body might bring different results, as our study only detected N. typographi in a single dissected adult spruce bark beetle.

Keywords : Spruce bark beetle; Gregarina typographi; ItEPV; Nosema typographi; pheromone traps; leaving places of overwintering


  • Burjanadze M., Goginashvili N. 2009. Occurrence of pathogens and nematodes in the spruce bark beetles, Ips typographus (Col., Scolytidae) in Borjomi Gorge. Bulletin of the Georgian National Academy of Sciences, 3, 145-150Google Scholar

  • Christiansen E., Bakke A. 1988. The spruce bark beetle of Eurasia. In: (Ed. A.A. Berryman) Dynamics of forest insect populations. Plenum Publishing Corporation, New York, 480-503Google Scholar

  • Duelli P., Zahradník P., Knížek M., Kalinová B. 1997. Migration in spruce bark beetles (Ips typographus L.) and the efficiency of pheromone traps. Journal of Applied Entomology, 121, 297-303. DOI: 10.1111/j.1439-0418.1997.tb01409.x CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Forster B. 1993. Development of the bark beetle situation in the Swiss storm-damage areas. Schweizerische Zeitschrift für Forstwesen, 144, 767-776Google Scholar

  • Haidler B., Wegensteiner R., Weiser J. 2003. Occurrence of microsporidia and ther pathogens in associated living spruce bark beetles (Coleoptera, Scolytidae) in an Austrian forest. Insect Pathogens and Insect Parasitic Nematodes. IOBC wprs Bulletin, 26, 257-260Google Scholar

  • Händel U., Wegensteiner R., Weiser J., Žižka Z. 2003. Occurrence of pathogens in associated living bark beetles (Col., Scolytidae) from different spruce stands in Austria. Journal of Pest Science, 76, 22-32. DOI: 10.1046/j.1439-0280.2003.03007.x CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Hlásny T., Turčáni M. 2013. Persisting bark beetle outbreak indicates the unsustainability of secondary Norway spruce forests: case study from Central Europe. Annals of Forest Science, 70, 481-491. DOI 10.1007/s13595-013-0279-7Web of ScienceCrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Holuša J., Lukášová K., Wegensteiner R., Grodzki W., Pernek M., Weiser J. 2013. Pathogens of the bark beetle Ips cembrae: microsporidia and gregarines known from other Ips species. Journal of Applied Entomology, 137, 181-187. DOI: 10.1111/ j.1439-0418.2012.01717.x Holuša J., Weiser J., Žižka Z. 2009. Pathogens of the spruce bark beetles Ips typographus and Ips duplicatus. Central European Journal of Biology, 4, 567-573. DOI: 10.2478/s11535-009-0044-y Lukášová K., Holuša J. 2011. Gregarina typographi (Eugregarinorida: Gregarinidae) in the bark beetle Ips typographus (Coleoptera: Curculionidae): changes in infection level in the breeding system. Acta Protozoologica, 50, 311-318. DOI: 10.4467/16890027AP.11.028.0065CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Lukášová K., Holuša J. 2012. Patogeny lýkožroutů rodu Ips (Coleoptera: Curculionidae: Scolytinae): review. Zprávy lesnického výzkumu, 3, 230-240Google Scholar

  • Lukášová K., Holuša J., Turčáni M. 2013. Pathogens of Ips amitinus: new species and comparison with Ips typographus. Journal of Applied Entomology, 137, 188-196. DOI: 10.1111/jen.12000Web of ScienceCrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Michalková V., Krascsenitsová E., Kozánek M. 2011. On the pathogens of the spruce bark beetle Ips typographus (Coleoptera: Scolytinae) in the Western Carpathians. Biologia, 67, 217-221. DOI: 10.2478/s11756-011-0154-7CrossrefWeb of ScienceGoogle Scholar

  • Nemec V., Zumr V., Stary P. 1993. Studies on the nutritional state and the response to aggregation pheromones in the bark beetle, Ips typographus (L.) (Col., Scolytidae). Journal of Applied Entomology, 116, 358-363. DOI: 10.1111/j.1439-0418.1993.tb01208.x CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Plašil P., Cudlín P. 2005. Population dynamics of eight-toothed spruce bark beetle (Ips typographus [L.]) in the area of National Nature Reserve Praděd in 1998-2001. Journal of Forest Science, 51, 359-370 Google Scholar

  • Takov D., Pilarska D.,Wegensteiner R. 2010. List of protozoan and microsporidian pathogens of economically important bark beetle species (Coleoptera: Curculionidae: Scolytinae) in Europe. Acta Zoologica Bulgarica, 62, 201-209Google Scholar

  • Wegensteiner R. 2004. Pathogens in bark beetles. In: (Eds. F. Lieutier, K.R. Day A. Battisti J.-C. Grégoire H.F. Evans) Bark and wood boring insects in living trees in Europe, Asynthesis. Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht, 291-313Google Scholar

  • Wegensteiner R., Dedryver C.-A., Pierre J.-S. 2010. The comparative prevalence and demographic impact of two pathogens in swarming Ips typographus adults: a quantitative analysis of long term trapping data. Agricultural and Forest Entomology, 12, 49-57. DOI: 10.1111/j.1461-9563.2009.00449.x Web of ScienceCrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Wegensteiner R., Stradner A., Händel U. 2014. Occurrence of pathogens in Ips typographus (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) and in other spruce bark beetles from the wilderness reserve Dürrenstein (Lower Austria). Biologia, 69, 92-100. DOI:10.2478/s11756-013-0286-zCrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Wegensteiner R., Weiser J. 1996. Untersuchungen zum Auftreten von Pathogen by Ips typographus (Coleoptera: Scolytidae) aus einem Naturschutzgebiet in Schwartzwald (Baden-Württemberg). Anzeiger für Schädlingskunde, Pflanzenschutz, Umweltschutz, 69, 162-167. DOI: 10.1007/BF01906808CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Wegensteiner R., Weiser J. 2004. Annual variation of pathogen occurrence and pathogen prevalence in Ips typographus L. (Col, Scolytidae) from the BOKU University Forest Demonstration Centre. Journal of Pest Science, 77, 221-228. DOI: 10.1007/s10340-004-0056-3CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Weiser J., Pultar O., Žižka Z. 2000. Biological protection of forest against bark beetle outbreaks with poxvirus and other pathogens. IUAPPA, Section B, 12, 168-172Google Scholar

  • Wermelinger B. 2004. Ecology and management of the spruce bark beetle Ips typographus - a review of recent research. Forest Ecology and Management, 202, 67-82. DOI: 10.1016/ j.foreco.2004.07.018CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Weslien J., Lindelöw A. 1990. Recapture of marked spruce bark beetles (Ips typographus) in pheromone traps using area-wide mass trapping. Canadian Journal of Forest Research, 20, 1786-1790. DOI: 10.1139/x90-238CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Wichmann L., Ravn H.P. 2001. The spread of Ips typographus (L.) (Coleoptera, Scolytidae) attacks following heavy windthrow in Denmark, analysed using GIS. Forest Ecology and Management, 148, 31-39. DOI:10.1016/S0378-1127(00)00477-1CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Yaman M., Baki H. 2010. The first record of Gregarina typographi Fuchs (Protista: Apicomplexa: Gregarinidae) from the European spruce bark beetle, Ips typographus (Linnaeus) (Coleoptera: Curculionidae, Scolytinae) in Turkey. Turkish Journal of Parasitology, 34, 179-82. DOI: 10.5152/tpd. 2010.08CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Yaman M., Baki H. 2011. First record of Entomopoxvirus of Ips typographus (Linnaeus) (Coleoptera: Curculionidae, Scolytinae) for Turkey. Acta Zoologica Bulgarica, 63, 199-202Google Scholar

About the article

Received: 2014-11-10

Revised: 2015-02-09

Accepted: 2015-03-18

Published Online: 2015-06-16

Published in Print: 2015-09-01

Citation Information: Acta Parasitologica, Volume 60, Issue 3, Pages 462–465, ISSN (Online) 1896-1851, ISSN (Print) 1230-2821, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/ap-2015-0064.

Export Citation

© W. Stefański Institute of Parasitology, PAS.Get Permission

Citing Articles

Here you can find all Crossref-listed publications in which this article is cited. If you would like to receive automatic email messages as soon as this article is cited in other publications, simply activate the “Citation Alert” on the top of this page.

Comments (0)

Please log in or register to comment.
Log in