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Acta Parasitologica

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Volume 60, Issue 3 (Sep 2015)

Issues

Evaluation of reactivity to Echinococcus spp. among rural inhabitants in Poland

Ewa Cisak / Jacek Sroka
  • Department of Zoonoses, Institute of Rural Health, Lublin, Poland
  • Department of Parasitology, National Veterinary Research Institute, Puławy, Poland
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Angelina Wójcik-Fatla / Violetta Zając / Jacek Dutkiewicz
Published Online: 2015-06-16 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/ap-2015-0074

Abstract

A group of 172 rural inhabitants from eastern Poland (68 males and 104 females, mean age 49.0 ± 12.0 years) was examined for the presence of antibodies against Echinococcus granulosus and Echinococcus multilocularis. A population of 38 healthy urban dwellers from the city of Lublin (17 males and 21 females, mean age 36.2 ± 9.6 years) were examined as a control group. Sera of 22 rural inhabitants (12.8%) reacted positively to Echinococcus granulosus hydatid fluid antigen in the screening test. A cross-reactivity was observed with two serum samples that tested positive in ELISA for E. granulosus. Three serum samples were tested positive for E. multilocularis using the Em2plus ELISA assay and also positive for Western blot. None of the members of control group showed the presence of a seropositive reaction to Echinococcus spp. The reactivity to Echinococcus spp. among rural inhabitants decreased with age and this correlation was statistically significant (R = -0.197151, p = 0.009535). The percentage of positive findings was the highest (50.0%) in the youngest age group (14-20). No significant correlations were found between responses to interview questions (possession of domestic and farm animals, contact with wild animals, eating unwashed berries, drinking unboiled water) and the presence of seropositive reactions to Echinococcus spp. The presented results seem to indicate that echinococcosis is still a current problem in Poland that should not be neglected and, moreover, indicates the need for improvement in the routine laboratory diagnostics of Echinococcus spp. by standardizing the ELISA and Western blot tests.

Keywords : Echinococcus spp.; ELISA; Western blot; rural inhabitants; Poland

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About the article

Received: 2014-09-24

Revised: 2015-02-24

Accepted: 2015-04-01

Published Online: 2015-06-16

Published in Print: 2015-09-01


Citation Information: Acta Parasitologica, ISSN (Online) 1896-1851, ISSN (Print) 1230-2821, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/ap-2015-0074.

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