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Acta Parasitologica

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Volume 60, Issue 4

Issues

Risk factors of occurrence of Toxoplasma gondii among horses in the state of Alagoas, Brazil

Sandra R. Fonseca de Araújo Valença
  • Corresponding author
  • Department of Veterinary Medicine, UFRPE, Rua Dom Manoel s/n, Dois Irmãos, Recife, PE 52171-900, Brazil
  • Email
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Rômulo M. Barreto Valença / José Wilton Pinheiro Júnior
  • Unidade Acadêmica de Garanhuns, Universidade Federal Rural de Pernambuco (UFRPE), Av. Bom Pastor s/n, Boa Vista, Garanhuns, PE 55296- 901, Brazil
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Pedro P. Feitosa de Albuquerque
  • Department of Veterinary Medicine, UFRPE, Rua Dom Manoel s/n, Dois Irmãos, Recife, PE 52171-900, Brazil
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Orestes L. Souza Neto
  • Department of Veterinary Medicine, UFRPE, Rua Dom Manoel s/n, Dois Irmãos, Recife, PE 52171-900, Brazil
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Rinaldo Aparecido Mota
  • Department of Veterinary Medicine, UFRPE, Rua Dom Manoel s/n, Dois Irmãos, Recife, PE 52171-900, Brazil
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
Published Online: 2015-09-25 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/ap-2015-0100

Abstract

The aim of the present study was to investigate the occurrence of Toxoplasma gondii among horses and its associated risk factors in Alagoas, Brazil. In total, 440 samples from 36 properties in 23 districts of the state of Alagoas were studied, covering the Leste, Agreste and Sertão mesoregions. Risk factors were evaluated through the application of an investigative questionnaire that focused on the productive, reproductive and sanitary management of herds. T. gondii infection were assayed using the immunofluorescence assay (IFA) with a cutoff point of 64; 14.4% (95% CI: 11.0%-17.8%) of - horses were seropositive. A significant association was determined between anti-T. gondii antibody presence and the consumption and storage of hay (OR = 2.08 / 95% CI: 1.20-3.62). This is the first report of T. gondii infection among horses in the state of Alagoas, Brazil.

Keywords: Toxoplasmosis; seroprevalence; risk factors; horses; Alagoas; Brazil

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About the article

Received: 2015-02-23

Revised: 2015-05-11

Accepted: 2015-05-26

Published Online: 2015-09-25

Published in Print: 2015-12-01


Citation Information: Acta Parasitologica, Volume 60, Issue 4, Pages 707–711, ISSN (Online) 1896-1851, ISSN (Print) 1230-2821, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/ap-2015-0100.

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