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Acta Parasitologica

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Volume 60, Issue 4

Issues

Evaluating the Babesia bovis infection of cattle in China with enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA)

Congshan Yang
  • State Key Laboratory of Veterinary Etiological Biology, Key Laboratory of Veterinary Parasitology of Gansu Province, Lanzhou Veterinary Research Institute, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, No. 1 Xujiaping, Yanchangbu, Lanzhou, Gansu 730046, P.R. China
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/ Junlong Liu
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/ Guangyuan Liu
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  • Jiangsu Co-innovation Center for Prevention and Control of Important Animal Infectious Diseases and Zoonoses, Yangzhou, 225009, P.R. China
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/ Guiquan Guan
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  • Corresponding author
  • State Key Laboratory of Veterinary Etiological Biology, Key Laboratory of Veterinary Parasitology of Gansu Province, Lanzhou Veterinary Research Institute, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, No. 1 Xujiaping, Yanchangbu, Lanzhou, Gansu 730046, P.R. China
  • Jiangsu Co-innovation Center for Prevention and Control of Important Animal Infectious Diseases and Zoonoses, Yangzhou, 225009, P.R. China
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Published Online: 2015-09-25 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/ap-2015-0103

Abstract

Babesia bovis is an important pathogen of bovine babesiosis and causes serious constraints on the health and productivity of domestic cattle in the tropical and subtropical areas of the world. Aiming to clarify the prevalence of B. bovis in China, a total of 2,364 cattle serum samples were randomly collected from 45 different areas of 17 provinces in China. Antibodies against B. bovis were tested by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) using a recombinant C-terminal antigen of B. bovis rhoptry-associated protein-1 (RAP-1) to evaluate the prevalence of B. bovis. The results showed that the parasite was present in all of the investigated 17 provinces. The positive rate was from 6.40 to 47.27%, and the mean rate was 24.92%. These survey data will provide important information for designing control strategies for bovine babesiosis in China.

Keywords: Babesia bovis; cattle; ELISA; China; seroprevalence

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About the article

Received: 2014-09-16

Revised: 2015-03-09

Accepted: 2015-05-28

Published Online: 2015-09-25

Published in Print: 2015-12-01


Citation Information: Acta Parasitologica, Volume 60, Issue 4, Pages 721–726, ISSN (Online) 1896-1851, ISSN (Print) 1230-2821, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/ap-2015-0103.

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