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Acta Parasitologica

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Volume 61, Issue 1 (Jan 2016)

Issues

The first detection of the tick-borne encephalitis virus (TBEV) RNA in Dermacentor reticulatus ticks collected from the lowland European bison (Bison bonasus bonasus L.)

Beata Biernat
  • Corresponding author
  • Department of Tropical Parasitology, Institute of Maritime and Tropical Medicine, Medical University of Gdańsk, Powstania Styczniowego 9B, 81-519 Gdynia, Poland
  • Email
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Grzegorz Karbowiak
  • Witold Stefański Institute of Parasitology, Polish Academy of Sciences, Twarda 51/55, 00-818 Warsaw, Poland
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Joanna Stańczak
  • Department of Tropical Parasitology, Institute of Maritime and Tropical Medicine, Medical University of Gdańsk, Powstania Styczniowego 9B, 81-519 Gdynia, Poland
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Aleksander Masny
  • Department of Medical Parasitology, National Institute of Public Health – National Institute of Hygiene, Chocimska 24, 00-791 Warsaw, Poland
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Joanna Werszko
  • Witold Stefański Institute of Parasitology, Polish Academy of Sciences, Twarda 51/55, 00-818 Warsaw, Poland
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
Published Online: 2015-12-30 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/ap-2016-0017

Abstract

Tick borne encephalitis virus (TBEV) (Flaviviridae, Flavivirus) is the causative agent of tick-borne encephalitis (TBE), a potentially fatal neurological infection. The disease is endemic in a large region in Eurasia, where is transmitted mainly by hard ticks: Ixodes ricinus and I. persulcatus. It is known that also Dermacentor reticulatus is involved in a circulation of TBEV, but the knowledge of its importance in the TBE epidemiology is still insufficient. The Białowieża Primeval Forest is located in eastern Poland and it is a well-known endemic focus of tick-borne encephalitis. The aim of this study was to identify the prevalence of tick-borne encephalitis virus (TBEV) in Dermacentor reticulatus ticks collected from European bison (Bison bonasus bonasus), an important host of hard ticks in the Białowieża Primeval Forest. In the years 2008-2009, a total of 114 adult D. reticulatus ticks were collected from 7 European bison and examined individually for the presence of TBEV RNA using nested RT-PCR assay. Positive results were noted in 18.42% of ticks. This is the first record of TBEV infection in ticks collected from European bison.

Keywords : Dermacentor reticulatus; ticks; European bison; Bison bonasus bonasus; TBEV; tick-borne encephalitis virus; Poland

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About the article

Received: 2015-04-20

Revised: 2015-08-26

Accepted: 2015-09-28

Published Online: 2015-12-30

Published in Print: 2016-01-01


Citation Information: Acta Parasitologica, ISSN (Online) 1896-1851, ISSN (Print) 1230-2821, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/ap-2016-0017.

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