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Acta Parasitologica

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IMPACT FACTOR 2016: 1.160
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1896-1851
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Volume 61, Issue 1 (Jan 2016)

Issues

The transstadial persistence of tick-borne encephalitis virus in Dermacentor reticulatus ticks in natural conditions

Grzegorz Karbowiak
  • Corresponding author
  • W. Stefański Institute of Parasitology, Polish Academy of Sciences, Twarda 51/55, 00-818 Warsaw, Poland
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  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Beata Biernat
  • Department of Tropical Parasitology, Institute of Maritime and Tropical Medicine, Medical University of Gdańsk, Powstania Styczniowego 9B, 81-519 Gdynia, Poland
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Joanna Werszko
  • W. Stefański Institute of Parasitology, Polish Academy of Sciences, Twarda 51/55, 00-818 Warsaw, Poland
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Leszek Rychlik
  • Department of Systematic Zoology, Institute of Environmental Biology, Faculty of Biology, Adam Mickiewicz University, Umultowska 89, 61-614 Poznań, Poland
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
Published Online: 2015-12-30 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/ap-2016-0028

Abstract

There are a number of reports regarding natural infection of Dermacentor reticulatus ticks with TBE virus; however, the transmission mode of TBE virus in this tick population has not been investigated. This study was conducted in Białowieża Primeval Forest, east Poland. Forty fully engorged nymphs of D. reticulatus were sampled from root voles (Microtus oeconomus). Ticks were kept until molting. All ticks were screened for the presence of TBE virus by nested RT-PCR. Three adult ticks were positive for infection with TBE virus. The present study for the first time demonstrates the possibility of transstadial mode of TBEV transmission in D. reticulatus ticks.

Keywords : Tick-borne encephalitis; TBE virus; Dermacentor reticulatus; Microtus oeconomus

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About the article

Received: 2015-07-16

Revised: 2015-09-03

Accepted: 2015-09-08

Published Online: 2015-12-30

Published in Print: 2016-01-01


Citation Information: Acta Parasitologica, ISSN (Online) 1896-1851, ISSN (Print) 1230-2821, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/ap-2016-0028.

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