Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
Show Summary Details
More options …

Acta Parasitologica

4 Issues per year


IMPACT FACTOR 2016: 1.160
5-year IMPACT FACTOR: 1.185

CiteScore 2016: 1.24

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2016: 0.532
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2016: 0.721

Online
ISSN
1896-1851
See all formats and pricing
More options …
Volume 61, Issue 4 (Dec 2016)

Issues

Internal parasitic fauna of elk (Alces alces) in Poland

Katarzyna J. Filip / Aleksander W. Demiaszkiewicz
Published Online: 2016-10-22 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/ap-2016-0092

Abstract

The abundance of elk (Alces alces) in Poland at the beginning of 2016 reached over 28 000 individual animals. However, little is still known about health status of elk population in the country. In particular, important health issue tend to be parasitic diseases which are the most common diseases in wild animals. Special emphasis should be given to the parasitofauna of elks. Their ability to move over great distances increases the chance of parasitic infestations in new areas and transmission to other wild animals and livestock. The aim of this article is to describe the parasites occurring in elk in Poland on the basis of previous studies from the country and to compare them with data from neighboring countries. The presented review reveals that elk populations have not been examined for the presence of parasites for decades, and no recent studies in Poland have examined the parasitofauna of this animal. As such, our study shows that assessing the parasites present in elk populations remains an important area of research.

Keywords: Alces alces; elk; parasitofauna; Poland

References

  • Arnastauskene T. 1974. Novyj vid kokcidij u losja Alces alces. Acta Parasitologica Lituanica, 12, 39–42. (In Russian)Google Scholar

  • Belaeva M.J. 1959. Kizučeniju gelmintofauny mlekopitajuščich Belovežskoj Pušči. – Trudy WIGIS, 6. (In Belarusian)Google Scholar

  • Borgsteede F.H.M. 1982. The Infectivity of Some Nematode Para-sites of Reindeer (Rangifer tarandus L.) and Elk (Alces alces L.) for Cattle and Sheep. Zeitschrift für Parasitenkunde, 67, 211–215. CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Bryliński R., Dziedzic R., Pisecki D., Walenda L. 2004. Liczebność i rozmieszczenie łosi w Polsce w latach 2000-2004. In: Proceedings of Conference "Sytuacja łosi w Polsce", 22–23 October, 2004, Osowiec Twierdza, Poland. (In Polish)Google Scholar

  • Červený J., Andĕra M., Koubek P., Homolka M., Toman A. 2001. Recently expanding mammal species in the Czech Republik: distribution, abundance and legal status. Beitrage zur Jagd und Wildtierforschung, 26, 111–125Google Scholar

  • Choudhary V., Hasnani J.J., Khyalia M.K., Pandey S., Chauhan V.D., Pandya S.S., Patel P.V. 2015. Morphological and histological identification of Paramphistomum cervi (Trematoda: Paramiphistoma) in the rumen of infected sheep. Veterinary World, 8, 125–129. CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Davidson R.K., Licina T., Gorini L., Milner J.M. 2015. Endopara-sites in a Norwegian moose (Alces alces) population – Faunal diversity, abundance and body condition. International Journal for Parasitology: Parasites and Wildlife, 4, 29–36. CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Demiaszkiewicz A. W. 1987. Skład gatunkowy oraz ekstensywność inwazji jeleniowatych w wybranych łowiskach przez nicienie z rodziny Protostrongylidae. Wiadomości Parazytologiczne, 33, 57–62. (In Polish)Google Scholar

  • Demiaszkiewicz A.W., Dróżdż J., Lachowicz J., Bielecki W. 1999. Doświadczalne zarażenie kóz larwami inwazyjnymi Elaphostrongylus cervi. Medycyna Weterynaryjna, 55, 565–567. (In Polish)Google Scholar

  • Demiaszkiewicz A.W. 2000. Nowa śmiertelna parazytoza owiec. Magazyn Weterynaryjny, 9, 43–45. (In Polish)Google Scholar

  • Demiaszkiewicz A.W. 2001. Przebieg i próba leczenia elafostrongylozy domowych przeżuwaczy. Magazyn Weterynaryjny, 10, 62–64. (In Polish)Google Scholar

  • Demiaszkiewicz A. W. 2005. Helminty i wywoływane przez nie helmintozy dzikich przeżuwaczy. Kosmos, 54, 61–71. (In Polish)Google Scholar

  • Demiaszkiewicz A. W., Goliszewska A., Lachowicz J. 2006. Contri-bution to the knowledge of helminth fauna of moose (Alces alces) in Kampinos Forest. Dostiženija i perspektivy razwitija Sovremennaj parazitologii. Trudy V Respublikanskoj nauczno-praktičeskoj konferencji. 2006, Vitebsk, Belarus, 280– 283Google Scholar

  • Demiaszkiewicz A.W., Lachowicz J., Karbowiak G. 2007. Wzrost zarażenia żubrów w Puszczy Białowieskiej nicieniami Setaria labiatopapillosa. Wiadomości Parazytologiczne, 53, 335–338. (In Polish)Google Scholar

  • Demiaszkiewicz A.W., Kuligowska I., Lachowicz J., Pyziel A.M., Moskwa B. 2013. The first detection of nematodes Ashwor-thius sidemi in elk Alces alces (L.) in Poland and remarks of ashworthiosis foci limitations. Acta Parasitologica, 58, 515–518. CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Demiaszkiewicz A.W. 2014. Migrations and the introduction of wild ruminants as a source of parasite exchange and emergence of new parasitoses. Annals of Parasitology, 60, 25–53Google Scholar

  • Demiaszkiewicz A.W., Kuligowska I., Pyziel A.M., Lachowicz J. 2015. Pierwsze w Polsce przypadki inwazji nicieni Setaria tundra u łosi. Medycyna Weterynaryjna, 71, 510–512. (In Polish)Google Scholar

  • Divina B.P., Wilhelmsson E., Morner T., Mattsson J.G., Hoglund J. 2002. Molecular identification and prevalence of Dictyocaulus spp. (Trichostrongyloidea: Dictyocaulidae) in Swedish semi-domestic and free-living cervids. Journal of Wildlife Diseases, 38, 769–775Google Scholar

  • Dróżdż J. 1963. Naturalne ognisko parafasciolopsozy w województwie białostockim. Wiadomości Parazytologiczne, 9, 129–132. (In Polish)Google Scholar

  • Dróżdż J. 1966. Studies on helminths and helminthiases in Cervidae II. The helminth fauna in Cervidae in Poland. Acta Parasitologica Polonica, 14, 1–13Google Scholar

  • Dróżdż J., Bylund G. 1970. A contribution to the knowledge of Trichostrongylidae (Nematoda) from Alces alces (L.) of Finland. Acta Parasitologica Polonica, 17, 259–260Google Scholar

  • Dróżdż J., Demiaszkiewicz A.W., Lachowicz J. 1989. Harboring of helminth parasites by the European bison (Bison bonasus L.) and deer (Cervidae) in the Białowieza forest. Wiadomości Pa-razytologiczne, 35, 571–576Google Scholar

  • Dróżdż J., Demiaszkiewicz A.W., Lachowicz J. 1992. The helminth fauna of the roe deer Capreolus capreolus (L.) in a hunting area inhabited by red deer, elk and European bison (Borecka Forest, Poland) over the yearly cycle. Acta Parasitologica, 37, 83–88Google Scholar

  • Dróżdż J., Demiaszkiewicz A.W., Lachowicz J. 1994.The helminth fauna of free-ranging European bison, Bison bonasus (L.), studied again 8 years after reductions of bisons, in the Białowieża Forest. Acta Parasitologica, 39, 88–91Google Scholar

  • Ejsmont L. 1932. Parafasciolopsis fasciolaemorpha gen. n., sp.n. – motylica z watroby łosia. Wszechświat, 1, 28. (In Polish)Google Scholar

  • Evranova W.G. 1954. K faune parazitičeskich červej losja (Alces alces). – Učenyje zapiski Kazanskogo Gos. Vet. Instituta, 61, 2. (In Russian)Google Scholar

  • Filip K.J., Pyziel A.M., Demiaszkiewicz A.W. 2016. A massive in-vasion of Parafasciolopsis fasciolaemorpha in elk (Alces alces) in Lublin Province, Poland. Annals of Parasitology 62, 107–110. CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Gębczyńska Z., Raczyński J. 2001. Sytuacja łosia w Polsce, zagrożenia i program odbudowy jego populacji. Chrońmy Przyrodę Ojczystą, 57, 35–55. (In Polish)Google Scholar

  • Gibbons L.M., Hoglund J. 2002. Dictyocaulus capreolus n. sp. (Nematoda: Trichostrongyloidea) from roe deer, Capreolus capreolus and moose, Alces alces in Sweden. Journal of Helminthology, 76, 119–124. CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Goliszewska A., Demiaszkiewicz A. W. 2007. The first record of Elaphostrongylus alces larvae in moose in Poland and their development to invasive stage. Wiadomości Parazytologiczne, 53, 331–333Google Scholar

  • Gołąb E., Czarkowski M.P. 2012. Echinococcosis and cysticercosis in Poland in 2012. Przegląd Epidemiologiczny, 68, 279–282Google Scholar

  • Gubanov N.M. 1964. Gelmintofauna promyslovych mlekopitajuščich Jakutii. Izdatelstvo "Nauka", Moskva, 1–164. (In Russian)Google Scholar

  • Handeland K., Gibbons L.M., Skorping A. 2000. Experimental Elaphostrongylus cervi Infection in Sheep and Goats. Journal of Comparative Pathology, 123, 248–257. CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Hoeve J., Joachim D.G., Addison E.M. 1988. Parasites of Moose (Alces alces) from an Agricultural Area of Eastern Ontario. Journal of Wildlife Diseases, 24, 371–374Google Scholar

  • Hoglund J., Wilhelmsson E., Christensson D., Morner T., Waller P., Mattsson J.G. 1999. ITS2 sequences of Dictyocaulus species from cattle, roe deer and moose in Sweden: molecular evidence for a new species. International Journal for Parasitol-ogy, 29, 607–611. CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Karbowiak G., Demiaszkiewicz A.W., Pyziel A.M., Wita I., Moskwa B., Werszko J., Bień J., Goździk K., Lachowicz J., Cabaj W. 2014. The parasitic fauna of the European bison (Bison bonasus) (Linnaeus, 1758) and their impact on the conservation. Part 1 The summarising list of parasites noted. Acta Parasitologica, 59, 363–371. CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Karbowiak G., Demiaszkiewicz A.W., Pyziel A.M., Wita I., Moskwa B., Werszko J., Bień J., Goździk K., Lachowicz J., Cabaj W. 2014. The parasitic fauna of the European bison (Bison bonasus) (Linnaeus, 1758) and their impact on the conservation. Part 2. The structure and changes over time. Acta Parasitologica, 59, 372–379. CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Khaniki G.R.J., Kia E.B., Raei M. 2013. Liver condemnation and economic losses due to parasitic infections in slaughtered animals in Iran. Journal of Parasitic Diseases, 37, 240–244. CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Kowal J., Kornaś S., Nosal P., Basiaga M., Lesiak M. 2013. Setaria tundra in roe deer (Capreolus capreolus) – new finding in Poland. Annals of Parasitology, 59, 179–182Google Scholar

  • Kowal J., Kornaś S., Nosal P., Basiaga M., Lesiak M. 2015. Parasite infections in red deer Cervus elaphus from Krakow area, southern Poland. Annals of Parasitology, 61, 49–52Google Scholar

  • Kowal J., Kornaś S., Nosal P., Basiaga M., Wajdzik M., Skalska M., Wyrobisz A. 2016. Lungworm (Nematoda: Protostrongylidae) infection in wild and domestic ruminants from Małopolska region of Poland. Annals of Parasitology, 62, 63–66. CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Kuligowska I., Demiaszkiewicz A. W., Kowalczyk R. 2014. A new occurrence of Eimeria alces (Apicomplexa: Eimeridae) in elk (Alces alces) in East Poland. Annals of Parasitology, 60, 277– 279Google Scholar

  • Laaksonen S, Kuusela J, Nikander S, Nylund M, Oksanen A. 2007. Outbreak of parasitic peritonitis in reindeer in Finland. The Veterinary Record, 160, 835–841. CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Laaksonen S., Solismaa M., Orro T., Kuusela J., Saari S., Kortet R., Nikander S., Oksanen A., Sukura A.2008. Setaria tundra microfilariae in reindeer and other cervids in Finland. Parasitology Research, 104, 257–265. CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Lachowicz J. 1983. Biologiczne i ekologiczne czynniki warunkujące powstawanie ognisk parafasciolopsozy zwierząt domowych. PhD Thesis, W. Stefański Institute of Parasitology PAS, Poland. (In Polish)

  • Lachowicz J. 1988. Development of Parafasciolopsis fasciolaemorpha Ejsmont, 1932 from eggs derived from sheep. Acta Parasitologica Polonica, 33, 169–175.Google Scholar

  • Nazarova N.S. 1981. Dinamika diktiokauleza i varestrongileza losej na Kostromskoj Losefermie. Nauc. Tr. VASCHNIL, Lego-čnye gelmintozy žvacnych životnych, Moskva, 143–156. (In Russian)

  • Nilsson O. 1971. The inter-relationship of endo-parasites in wild cervids (Capreolus capreolus L. and Alces alces L.) and domestic ruminants in Sweden. Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica, 12, 36–68Google Scholar

  • Nygren T. 1990. Hirvikannan tila ja hirvitutkimusten vaihe Lapissa. Riistantutkimusosaston tiedote. Bulletin of Finnish Game and Fisheries Institute, 104, 3–21. (In Finnish)Google Scholar

  • Okarma H. 2016. Managament of the wolf Canis lupus population in Poland. In: Proceedings of Conference "Zarządzanie Populacjami Zwierząt", 5 August, 2016, Warsaw, Poland, 47–59. (In Polish)Google Scholar

  • Pen`kevic V.A. 2008. Parazity losja (Alces alces L.) Polesskogo radiacionno-ekologiceskogo zapovednika. In: Materialy 8-j Mezdunar. Nauč. Konf., 22-23 mja, 2008, Minsk, Respublika Belarus`. Minsk, MGCU im. A.D. Saharova, 154. (In Russian)Google Scholar

  • Pilarczyk B., Balicka-Ramisz A., Ramisz A., Lachowska S. 2005. The occurrence of intestinal parasites of roe deer and red deer in the Western Pomerania voivodeship. Wiadomości Parazytologiczne, 51, 307–310Google Scholar

  • Pyziel A. M., Demiaszkiewicz A. W. 2013. Coccidia (Apicomplexa: Eimeriidae) of elk (Alces alces) in Poland. Parasitology Research, 112, 2083–2085. CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Radfar M.H., Zarandi M.B., Bamorovat M., Kheirandish R., Sharifi I. 2014. Hematological, biochemical and pathological findings in goats naturally infection with Cysticercus tenuicollis. Journal of Parasitic Diseases, 38, 68–72. CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Ratkiewicz M. 2011. Strategia ochrony i gospodarowania populacją łosia w Polsce. NFOŚiGW, Białystok. (In Polish)

  • Rykovskij A.S. 1955. O vzaimoobmene gelmintami meždu losem i domašnej ovcoj. Doklady Akademii Nauk SSSR, 104, 2. (In Russian)Google Scholar

  • Rykovskij A.S. 1959. K poznaniju gelmintofauny losja i faktorov jejo formirovanija. Trudy Gelmint. Laborat. 9. (In Russian)

  • Schönfeld F. 2009. Presence of moose (Alces alces) in Southeastern Germany. European Journal of Wildlife Research, 55, 449–453. CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Shimalov V. V., Shimalov V. T. 2003. Helminth fauna of cervids in Belorussian Polesie. Parasitology Research, 89, 75–76. CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Singh B.B., Sharma R., Gill J.P.S., Sharma J.K. 2015. Prevalence and morphological characterisation of Cysticercus tenuicollis (Taenia hydatigena cysts) in sheep and goat from north India. Journal of Parasitic Diseases, 39, 80–84. CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Soshkin D.V. 1997. Obnaruzhenie Eimeria alces (Eucoccidiida) u losej (Alces alces) Brjanskoj oblasti. Parazitologija, 3, 273–274. (In Russian)Google Scholar

  • Steen M., Roepstorff L. 1990. Neurological disorder in two moose calves (Alces alces L.) naturally infected with Elaphostrongylus alces. Rangifer, Special Issue No. 3, 399–406.Google Scholar

  • Steen M. 1991. Elaphostrongylosis – a clinical, pathological and taxonomical study with special emphasis on the infection in moose. Ph.D. Thesis, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Uppsala. pp.128

  • Steen M., Blackmore C.G.M., Skorping A. 1997. Crossinfection of moose (Alces alces) and reindeer (Rangifer tarandus) with Elaphostrongylus alces and Elaphostrongylus rangiferi (Nematoda: Protostrongylidae): Effects on the parasite morphology and prepatent period. Veterinary Parasitology, 71, 27–38. CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Steen M., Warsame I., Skorping A. 1998. Experimental infection of reindeer, sheep and goats with Elaphostrongylus spp. (Nematoda, Protostrongylidae) from moose and reindeer. Rangifer, 18, 73–80. CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Stuve G., Skorping A. 1987. Experimental Elaphostrongylus cervi infection in moose (Alces alces). Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica, 28, 165–171Google Scholar

  • Wawrzyniak P. 2016. Population dynamics, its impact upon the habitat and necessity of managament the moose (Alces alces) population in Poland. In: Proceedings of Conference "Zarządzanie Populacjami Zwierząt", 5 August, Warsaw, Poland, 17–27. (In Polish)Google Scholar

  • Ważna A., Maciantowicz M., Guzik P., Cichocki J., Nowakowski K., Kościelska A., Gabryś G. 2014. The occurence of the Eurasian elk Alces alces in Lubuskie Province. Przegląd Przyrodniczy, 25, 101–109. (In Polish)Google Scholar

  • Wiśniewski L.W. 1936. Badania doświadczalne nad rozwojem Parafasciolopsis fasciolaemorpha Ejsm. Sprawozdania z posie-dzeń Towarzystwa Naukowego Warszawskiego, Zeszyt 4–6, 119–149. (In Polish)

  • Verocai G.G., Hoberg E.P., Vikøren T., Handeland K., Ytrehus B., Resansoff A.M., Davidson R.K., Gilleard J.S., Kutz S.J. 2014. Resurrection and redescription of Varestrongylus alces (Nematoda: Protostrongylidae), a lungworm of the Eurasian moose (Alces alces), with report on associated pathology. Parasites & Vectors, 7, 557. CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Zalewska-Schonthaler N., Szpakiewicz W. 1987 Helmintofauna przewodu pokarmowego łosi i sarn w Puszczy Rominckiej. Wiadomości Parazytologiczne, 33, 63–64. (In Polish)Google Scholar

About the article

Received: 2016-06-17

Revised: 2016-07-18

Accepted: 2016-07-20

Published Online: 2016-10-22

Published in Print: 2016-12-01


Citation Information: Acta Parasitologica, ISSN (Online) 1896-1851, ISSN (Print) 1230-2821, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/ap-2016-0092.

Export Citation

© 2016 W. Stefański Institute of Parasitology, PAS. Copyright Clearance Center

Comments (0)

Please log in or register to comment.
Log in