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Acta Parasitologica

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Volume 61, Issue 4 (Dec 2016)

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Characteristics, behaviors and association between Human African Trypanosomiasis and HIV seropositivity among volunteer blood donors in a semi-rural area: A survey from Kikwit, the Democratic Republic of Congo

Lefils Kasiama Ndilu
  • Corresponding author
  • Ministère de la Santé, Zone de Santé de Kasongo-Lunda, Bandundu, the Congo (Democratic Republic of the)
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/ Mathilde Bothale Ekila
  • Division of Infectiology, Department of Internal Medicine, University Hospital of Kinshasa, Faculty of Medicine, University of Kinshasa, PO.BOX 123, Kinshasa XI, the Congo (Democratic Republic of the)
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/ Donald Fundji Mayuma
  • Centre Provincial de Transfusion Sanguine de Bandundu, Kikwit, the Congo (Democratic Republic of the)
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/ Alain Musaka
  • Centre Provincial de Transfusion Sanguine de Bandundu, Kikwit, the Congo (Democratic Republic of the)
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/ Roger Wumba
  • Department of Tropical Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, University of Kinshasa, Kinshasa, the Congo (Democratic Republic of the)
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/ Michel Ntetani Aloni
  • Division of Hemato-oncology and Nephrology, Department of Pediatrics, University Hospital of Kinshasa, Faculty of Medicine, University of Kinshasa, PO.BOX 123, Kinshasa XI, Kinshasa, the Congo (Democratic Republic of the)
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Published Online: 2016-10-22 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/ap-2016-0096

Abstract

Blood safety is a major element in the strategy to control the HIV epidemic. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence and the associated factors of a positive HIV test among blood donors and its association between Human African Trypanosomiasis in Kikwit, the Democratic Republic of Congo. A cross-sectional study was conducted between November 2012 and May 2013. An anonymous questionnaire was designed to extract relevant data. The average mean age of participants was 30 years. The majority were man (67.8%). The overall prevalence of HIV, syphilis, hepatitis B, hepatitis C and human African trypanosomiasis was respectively 3.2%, 1.9%, 1.6%, 1.3% and 1.3%. Alcohol intake, casual unprotected sex, not using condoms during casual sex, sex after alcohol intake and seroprevalence of human African trypanosomiasis were significantly associated with a positive HIV test result ( p<0.05). In this study, sexual risk behaviors were the major risk factors associated with positive HIV tests in blood donors living in Kikwit. It is important to raise awareness about HIV and voluntary blood donation in response to some observations noted in this study such as the low educational level of the blood donors, the low level of knowledge of HIV prevention methods.

Keywords: Blood donors; HIV; Human African Trypanosomiasis behaviors; risk factors; rural area; Kikwit; the Democratic Republic of Congo; Africa

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About the article

Received: 2015-11-16

Revised: 2016-06-02

Accepted: 2016-06-15

Published Online: 2016-10-22

Published in Print: 2016-12-01


Citation Information: Acta Parasitologica, ISSN (Online) 1896-1851, ISSN (Print) 1230-2821, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/ap-2016-0096.

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