Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
Show Summary Details
More options …

Acta Parasitologica

4 Issues per year


IMPACT FACTOR 2016: 1.160
5-year IMPACT FACTOR: 1.185

CiteScore 2016: 1.24

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2016: 0.532
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2016: 0.721

Online
ISSN
1896-1851
See all formats and pricing
More options …
Volume 61, Issue 4 (Dec 2016)

Issues

Detection of Theileria lestoquardi cross infection in cattle with clinical theileriosis in Iran

Seyedeh Missagh Jalali
  • Corresponding author
  • Department of Clinical Sciences, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Shahid Chamran University of Ahvaz, Ahvaz, Iran (Islamic Republic of)
  • Email
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Abbas Jolodar
  • Department of Basic Sciences, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Shahid Chamran University of Ahvaz, Ahvaz, Iran (Islamic Republic of)
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Aria Rasooli
  • Department of Clinical Sciences, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Shahid Chamran University of Ahvaz, Ahvaz, Iran (Islamic Republic of)
  • Department of Animal Health Management, School of Veterinary Medicine, Shiraz University, Shiraz, Iran (Islamic Republic of)
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Ameneh Darabifard
  • Graduate student, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Shahid Chamran University of Ahvaz, Ahvaz, Iran (Islamic Republic of)
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
Published Online: 2016-10-24 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/ap-2016-0104

Abstract

Theileriosis caused by Theileria lestoquardi (malignant ovine theileriosis) in sheep and Theileria annulata (tropical theileriosis) in cattle is an important hemoprotozoal tick-borne disease in Iran. Due to major biologic and phylogenic similarities of these two species, this study was carried out to investigate the occurrence of natural infections with T.lestoquardi and T.annulata in cattle with clinical theileriosis in Ahvaz, southwest Iran. Fifty one cattle were selected based on clinical signs of theileriosis and confirmation by microscopic examination of blood smears. Blood samples were collected from each animal and hematologic and microscopic examinations were performed. Theileria piroplasmic forms were detected in all affected cattle. Pale mucous membranes (43.14%), icterus (11.76%) and fever (70.6%) were also observed. PCR-RFLP analysis revealed T. annulata infection in all tested cattle while coinfections with T. lestoquardi were found in two samples (3.92%). All sampled cattle including the two with mixed species Theileria infection were anemic. This is the first report of Theileria species cross infections in cattle with clinical theileriosis in Iran. It can be concluded that cattle can be infected with both pathogenic Theileria species, T. lestoquardi and T. annulata which can be an important issue in the epidemiology and spread of ovine malignant theileriosis.

Keywords: Theileria lestoquardi; Theileria annulata; cross infection; cattle; Iran

References

  • Ahmed B.M., El Hussein A.M., El Ghali A., Salih D.A. 2003. Some Studies on the epidemiology of ovine theileriosis in River Nile State, Northern Sudan. Journal of Animal and Veterinary Advances, 2, 681–685Google Scholar

  • Asri Rezaei S., Dalir-Naghadeh B. 2006. Evaluation of antioxidant status and oxidative stress in cattle naturally infected with Theileria annulata. Veterinary Parasitology, 142, 179–186. CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Dolan T.T. 1989. Theileriosis: a comprehensive review. Revue Scientifique et Technique (International Office of Epizootics), 8, 11–36Google Scholar

  • Hashemi-Fesharki R. 1988. Control of Theileria annulata in Iran. Parasitology Today, 4, 36–40. CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Hashemi-Fesharki R. 1997. Tick-borne diseases of sheep and goats and their related vectors in Iran. Parassitologia, 39, 115–117Google Scholar

  • Heidarpour Bami M., Haddadzadeh H.R., Kazemi B., Khazraiinia P., Bandehpour M., Aktas M. 2009. Molecular identification of ovine Theileria species by a new PCR–RFLP method. Veterinary Parasitology, 161, 171–177. CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Hooshmand-Rad P., Hawa N.J. 1973. Transmission of Theileria hirci in sheep by 246 Hyalomma anatolicum anatolicum. Tropical Animal Health and Production, 5, 103–109Google Scholar

  • Jalali S.M., Khaki Z., Kazemi B., Rahbari S., Shayan P., Bandehpour M., Yasini S.P. 2014. Molecular Detection and Identification of Theileria Species by PCR-RFLP Method in Sheep from Ahvaz, Southern Iran. Iranian Journal of Parasitology, 9, 99–106Google Scholar

  • Kirvar E., Ilhan T., Katzer F., Wilkie G., Hooshmand-Rad P., Brown D. 1998. Detection of Theileria lestoquardi (hirci) in ticks, sheep, and goats using the polymerase chain reaction. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, 849, 52–62. CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Leemans I., Hooshmand-Rad P., Brown C.G.D., Wilkie G., Uggla A. 1998. In Vitro infectivity and In vivo cross-protectivity of Theileria lestoquardi and T. annulata in sheep and cattle. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, 849, 408–411. CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Leemans I., Brown D., Fossum C., Hooshmand-Rad P., Kirvar E., Wilkie G., Uggla A. 1999a. Infectivity and cross-immunity studies of Theileria lestoquardi and Theileria annulata in sheep and cattle II. In vitro studies. Veterinary Parasitology, 82, 193–204. CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Leemans I., Brown D., Hooshmand-Rad P., Kirvar E., Uggla A. 1999b. Infectivity and cross-immunity studies of Theileria lestoquardi and Theileria annulata in sheep and cattle I. In vivo responses. Veterinary Parasitology, 82, 179–192. CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Leemans I., Hooshmand-Rad P., Uggla A. 1997. The indirect fluorescent antibody test based on schizont antigen for the study of the sheep parasite Theileria lestoquardi. Veterinary Parasitology, 69, 9–18. CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Li Y., Liu Z., Yang J., Chen Z., Guan G., Niu Q., Zhang X., Luo J., Yin H. 2014. Infection of small ruminants and their red blood cells with Theileria annulata schizonts. Experimental Parasitology, 137, 21–24. CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Mans B.J., Pienaar R., Latif A.A. 2015. A review of Theileria diagnostics and epidemiology. International Journal for Parasitology: Parasites and Wildlife, 4, 104–118Google Scholar

  • Nabian S., Rahbari S., Changizi A., Shayan P. 2009. The distribution of Hyalomma spp. ticks from domestic ruminants in Iran. Medical and Veterinary Entomology, 23, 281–283. CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Omer O.H., El-Malik K.H., Mahmoud O.M., Haroun E.M., Hawas A., Sweeney D., Magzoub M. 2002. Haematological profiles in pure bred cattle naturally infected with Theileria annulata in Saudi Arabia. Veterinary Parasitology, 107, 161–168. CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Rahbari S., Nabian S., Shayan P. 2007. Primary report on distribution of tick fauna in Iran. Parasitology Research, 101, 175–177Google Scholar

  • Razmi G., Yaghfoori S. 2013. Molecular surveillance of Theileria ovis, Theileria lestoquardi and Theileria annulata infection in sheep and ixodid ticks in Iran. Onderstepoort Journal of Veterinary Research, 80, 635–640Google Scholar

  • Robinson P.M. 1982. Theileria annulata and its transmission a review. Tropical Animal Health and Production, 14, 3–12Google Scholar

  • Safapoor Dehkordi F., Parsaei P., Saberian S., Moshkelani S., Hajshafiei P., Hoseini S.R., Babaei M., Ghorbani M.N. 2012. Prevalence study of Theileria annulata by comparison of four diagnostic techniques in southwest Iran. Bulgarian Journal of Veterinary Medicine, 15, 123–130Google Scholar

  • Schnittger L., Yin H., Jianxun L., Lugwing W., Shayan P., Rahbari S., Voss-Holtmann A., Ahmed J.S. 2000. Ribosomal smallsubunit RNA gene-sequence analysis of Theileria lestoquardi and a Theileria species highly pathogenic for small ruminants in China. Parasitology Research, 86, 352–358Google Scholar

  • Sofizadeh A., Telmadarraiy Z., Rahnama A., Gorganli-Davaji A., Hosseini-Chegeni A. 2014. Hard tick species of livestock and their bioecology in Golestan province, north of Iran. Journal of Arthropod Borne Diseases, 8, 108–116Google Scholar

  • Taha K.M., Salih D.A., Ali A.M., Omer R.A., El Hussein A.M. 2013. Naturally occurring infections of cattle with Theileria lestoquardi and sheep with Theileria annulata in the Sudan. Veterinary Parasitology, 191, 143–145. CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Tavassoli M., Tabatabaei M., Esmaeil Nejad B., Hasani Tabatabaei M., Najafabadi A., Pourseyed S.H. 2011. Detection of Theileria annulata by the PCR-RFLP in ticks (Acari, Ixodidae) collected. Acta Parasitologica, 56, 8–13. CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Zaeemi M., Haddadzadeh H., Khazraiinia P., Kazemi B., Bandehpou M. 2011. Identification of different Theileria species (Theileria lestoquardi, Theileria ovis, and Theileria annulata) in naturally infected sheep using nested PCR-RFLP. Parasitology Research, 108, 837–843Google Scholar

About the article

Received: 2016-01-30

Revised: 2016-06-16

Accepted: 2016-06-23

Published Online: 2016-10-24

Published in Print: 2016-12-01


Citation Information: Acta Parasitologica, ISSN (Online) 1896-1851, ISSN (Print) 1230-2821, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/ap-2016-0104.

Export Citation

© 2016 W. Stefański Institute of Parasitology, PAS. Copyright Clearance Center

Comments (0)

Please log in or register to comment.
Log in