Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
Show Summary Details
More options …

Acta Parasitologica

4 Issues per year


IMPACT FACTOR 2016: 1.160
5-year IMPACT FACTOR: 1.185

CiteScore 2016: 1.24

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2016: 0.532
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2016: 0.721

Online
ISSN
1896-1851
See all formats and pricing
More options …
Volume 61, Issue 4 (Dec 2016)

Issues

Norway rat (Rattus norvegicus) as a potential reservoir for Echinococcus granulosus: A public health implication

Khaled A. Abdel-Moein / Dalia A. Hamza
Published Online: 2016-10-24 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/ap-2016-0113

Abstract

Cystic hydatidosis is a re-emerging parasitic zoonosis with worldwide distribution. The current study was carried out to investigate the possible role of rats in the epidemiology of such disease in urban and suburban areas. For this purpose, a total of 50 feral Norway rats (Rattus norvegicus) were collected from urban and suburban settings, Cairo, Egypt. Rats were examined to be infected with cystic hydatidosis through serological examination by IHA test as well as post-mortem examination of internal organs, histopathological or molecular identification of the collected cysts. Moreover, 42 persons inhabiting suburban areas were tested for cystic hydatidosis by IHA. The overall seroprevalence rates of cystic hydatidosis in the examined rats and persons were 36% and 11.9% respectively. Cysts from 3 rats were identified as E. granulosus hydatid cysts (one via histopathological examination while the others by molecular technique and genotyped as G6 strain). The results of the current study highlight the possible role of Norway rat in the epidemiological cycle of E. granulosus especially in urban and suburban settings.

Keywords: Norway rat; Echinococcus granulosus; public healthIntroduction

References

  • Abdel Aaty H.E., Abdel-Hameed D.M., Alam-Eldin Y.H., El-Shennawy S.F., Aminou H.A., Makled S.S., Darweesh S.K. 2012. Molecular genotyping of Echinococcus granulosus in animal and human isolates from Egypt. Acta Tropica, 121, 125-128. CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Abdi J., Taherikalani M., Asadolahi K., Emaneini M. 2013. Echinococcosis/Hydatidosis in Ilam Province, Western Iran. Iranian Journal of Parasitology, 8, 417–422Google Scholar

  • Almeida B.F., Oliveira S.M., Neves H.R., Santos A.J., Oliveira V.A., Machado-Silva J.R., Rodríguez-Silva R. 2011. Liver histopathology of Echinococcus granulosus infection in Sus scrofa from Brazil. Neotropical Helminthology, 5, 24–30Google Scholar

  • Amer S., Helal I.B., Kamau E., Feng Y., Xiao L. 2015. Molecular characterization of Echinococcus granulosus sensu lato from farm animals in Egypt. PLoS One, 10, e0118509. CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Belhassen-Garci’a M., Romero-Alegria A., Velasco-Tirado V., Alonso-Sardo’n M., Lopez-Bernus A., Alvela-Suarez L., del Villar L., Carpio-Perez A., Galindo-Perez I., Cordero-Sanchez M., Pardo-Lledias J. 2014. Study of hydatidosis attributed mortality in endemic area. PLoS One, 9, e91342. CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Bonifacino R., Malgor R., Barbeito R., Balleste R., Rodríguez M.J., Botto C., Klug F. 1991. Seroprevalence of Echinococcus granulosus infection in a Uruguayan rural human population. Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, 85, 769–72Google Scholar

  • Boubaker G., Macchiaroli N., Prada L., Cucher M.A., Rosenzvit M.C., Ziadinov I., Deplazes P., Saarma U., Babba H., Gottstein B., Spiliotis M. 2013. A multiplex PCR for the simultaneous detection and genotyping of the Echinococcus granulosus complex. PLoS Negected Tropical Diseases, 7, e2017. CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Budke C.M., Deplazes P., Torgerson P.R. 2006. Global socioeconomic impact of cystic echinococcosis. Emerging Infectious Diseases, 12, 296–303. CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Buishia I.E., Njoroge E.M., Bouamra O., Craiga P.S. 2005. Canine echinococcosis in northwest Libya: Assessment of coproantigen ELISA, and a survey of infection with analysis of riskfactors. Veterinary Parasitology, 130, 223–232. CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Develoux M. 1996. Hydatidosis in Africa in 1996: epidemiological aspects. Medecine Tropicale, 56, 177–83Google Scholar

  • Eckert J., Deplazes P. 2004. Biological, epidemiological, and clinical aspects of echinococcosis, a zoonosis of increasing concern. Clinical Microbiology Reviews, 17, 107–135Google Scholar

  • Elshazly A.M., Awad S.E., Hegazy M.A., Mohammad K.A., Morsy T.A. 2007. Echinococcosis granulosus/hydatidosis an endemic zoonotic disease in Egypt. Journal of the Egyptian Society of Parasitology, 37, 609–22Google Scholar

  • Eris F., Akisu C., Aksoy U. 2009. Evaluation of two ELISA and two indirect hemagglutination tests for serodiagnosis of pulmonary hydatid disease. Korean Journal of Parasitology, 47, 427–429. CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Foroulis C.N., Avgoustou C., Konstantinou M., Lioulias A.G. 2003. Chest wall hydatidosis as the unique location of the disease: Case report and review of the literature. Canadian Journal of Infectious Diseases, 14, 167–169Google Scholar

  • Gebreel A.O., Gilles H.M., Prescott J.E. 1983. Studies on the seroepidemiology of endemic diseases in Libya. I. echinococcosis in Libya. Annals of Tropical Medicine and Parasitololgy, 77, 391–7Google Scholar

  • Gibbs H.C. 1957. On the role of rodent in the epidemiology of hydatid disease in the Mackenzie River Basin. Canidian Journal of Comparative Medicine, 21, 287–289Google Scholar

  • Gutiérrez M.P., Ramírez I., Zarzosa Mdel P., Fernández J.M., Duenas A.I., Mantecón M.A., Almaraz A., Rodríguez-Reci M.J., Marcos H., Alonso P., Bratos M.A., Orduna A., Rodríguez-Torres A. 2003. Seroprevalence of infection due to Echinococcus granulosus in the population of Castilla and León (Spain). Enfermedades Infecciosas y Microbiologia Clinica, 21, 563–7Google Scholar

  • Heidari Z., Mohebali M., Zarei Z., Aryayipour M., Eshraghian M.R., Kia E.B., Shodaje S., Abdi J., Rakhshanpour A., Rokni M.B. 2011. Seroepidemiological study of human hydatidosis in Meshkinshahr district, Ardabil province, Iran. Iranian Journal of Parasitology, 6, 19–25Google Scholar

  • Laurimaa L., Davison J., Süld K., Plumer L., Oja R., Moks E., Keis M., Hindrikson M., Kinkar L., Laurimäe T., Abner J., Remm J., Anijalg P., Saarma U. 2015. First report of highly pathogenic Echinococcus granulosus genotype G1 in dogs in a European urban environment. Parasites & Vectors, 8, 182. CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Mazyad S.A., Mahmoud L.H., Hegazy M.M. 2007. Echinococcosis granulosus in stray dogs and Echino-IHAT in the hunters in Cairo, Egypt. Journal of the Egyptian Society of Parasitology, 37, 523–32Google Scholar

  • McManus D.P., Zhang W., Li J., Bartley P.B. 2003. Echinococcosis. The Lancet, 362,1295–1304. CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Moro P., Schantz P.M. 2009. Echinococcosis: a review. International Journal of Infectious Diseases, 13, 125–33. CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Noroozi A., Shirazi M.R., Zamiri M.J., Tamadon A., Akhlaghi A., Tanideh N., Niazi A., Moghadam A. 2014. Increased litter size and suckling intensity inhibit KiSS-1 mRNA expression in rat arcuate nucleus. Iranian Journal of Basic Medical Sciences, 17, 600–605Google Scholar

  • Pandey V.S., Ouhelli H., Moumen A. 1988. Epidemiology of hydatidosis/echinococcosis in Ouarzazate, the pre-Saharian region of Morocco. Annals of Tropical Medicine and Parasitololgy, 82, 461–70Google Scholar

  • Sadjjadi S.M. 2006. Present situation of echinococcosis in the Middle East and Arabic North Africa. Parasitology International, 55, S197-202. CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Salem C., Schneegans F., Chollet J., Jemli M. 2011. Epidemiological studies on echinococcosis and characterization of human and livestock hydatid cysts in Mauritania. Iranian Journal of Parasitology, 6, 49–57Google Scholar

  • Shambesh M.A., Craig P.S., Macpherson C.N., Rogan M.T., Gusbi A.M., Echtuish E. 1999. An extensive ultra sound and serologic study to investigate the prevalence of human cystic echinococcosis in northern Libya. American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, 60, 462–468Google Scholar

About the article


Received: 2016-06-20

Revised: 2016-07-18

Accepted: 2016-07-20

Published Online: 2016-10-24

Published in Print: 2016-12-01


Citation Information: Acta Parasitologica, ISSN (Online) 1896-1851, ISSN (Print) 1230-2821, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/ap-2016-0113.

Export Citation

© 2016 W. Stefañski Institute of Parasitology, PAS. Copyright Clearance Center

Comments (0)

Please log in or register to comment.
Log in