Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
Show Summary Details
In This Section

Acta Parasitologica

4 Issues per year


IMPACT FACTOR 2016: 1.160
5-year IMPACT FACTOR: 1.185

CiteScore 2016: 1.24

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2015: 0.581
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2015: 0.780

Online
ISSN
1896-1851
See all formats and pricing
In This Section
Volume 62, Issue 2 (Jun 2017)

Issues

Morphological re-description of Electrotaenia malapteruri (Cestoda: Proteocephalidae) and Dujardinnascaris malapteruri (Nematoda: Heterocheilidae) infecting the Electric catfish Malapterurus electricus and heavy metal accumulation in host and parasites in relation to water and sediment analysis in Lake Manzala, North Delta, Egypt

Rewaida Abdel-Gaber
  • Corresponding author
  • Zoology Department, Faculty of Science, Cairo University, Cairo, Egypt
  • Email:
/ Fathy Abdel-Ghaffar
  • Zoology Department, Faculty of Science, Cairo University, Cairo, Egypt
/ Mohamed Abdallah Shazly
  • Zoology Department, Faculty of Science, Cairo University, Cairo, Egypt
/ Kareem Morsy
  • Zoology Department, Faculty of Science, Cairo University, Cairo, Egypt
/ Saleh Al Quraishy
  • Zoology Department, College of Science, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
/ Sanna Mohamed
  • Zoology Department, Faculty of Science, Cairo University, Cairo, Egypt
/ Heinz Mehlhorn
  • Parasitology Institute, Düsseldorf University, Düsseldorf, Germany
Published Online: 2017-04-18 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/ap-2017-0040

Abstract

Parasites are one of the most serious limiting factors in aquaculture. The Electric catfish Malapterurus electricus was subjected to study the prevalence and mean intensity of parasitic infections throughout the whole year of 2015. Heavy metals accumulation in host fish and parasites were determined in relation to water quality and sediments of two different sites of Lake Manzala (Manzala and Bahr El-Baqar), Egypt. A total of 100 specimens of Electric catfish were collected and examined for the presence of helminth parasites. Two parasite species were recovered and morphologically identified. These were cestoda Electrotaenia malapteruri and nematode Dujardinnascaris malapteruri. Heavy metal analysis in water and sediments showed that measured heavy metals in Bahr El-Baqar were found in risky levels higher than permissible limits and Manzala site. Sediments were found to contain a higher level of metals than water samples. Heavy metals accumulation in recovered parasites and their host were also determined and showed significantly higher concentrations in parasites compared to their host tissues. According to bioconcentration factors, E. malapteruri showed that highest accumulation rate for all recorded elements up to 302. Essential elements like Cu and Fe were found in significantly higher concentrations in D. malapteruri, whereas E. malapteruri accumulated elements Cd, Pb, Ni, Mn, Zn and Ca to a significantly higher degree. Accordingly, the ratios (C[D.malapteruri]/C[E. malapteruri]) for most essential elements were higher than 0.5. Therefore, fish cestodes can be regarded as useful bio-indicators more than nematodes when evaluating the environmental pollution of aquatic ecosystems by heavy metals.

Keywords: Electrotaenia spp.; Dujardinnascaris spp.; Malapterurus electricus; morphological studies; heavy metals accumulation; biological indicators

References

  • Abdel-Baky T.E., Hagras A.E, Hassan S.H., Zyadah M.A. 1998. Environmental impact assessment of pollution in Lake Manzala, 1-Distribution of some heavy metals in water and sediment. Journal of the Egyptian German Society of Zoology, 26, 25–38

  • Abdel-Gaber R., Abdel-Ghaffar F., Bashtar A.R., Morsy K., Saleh R. 2016. Interaction between the intestinal parasite Polyonchobothrium clarias (Cestode: Ptychobothriidae) from the African sharptooth catfish Clarias gariepinus and heavy metal pollutants in an aquatic environment in Egypt. Journal of Helminthology, 8, 1–11. [Crossref]

  • Abdel-Ghaffar F., Abdel-Gaber R., Bashtar A.R., Morsy K., Mehlhorn H., Al Quraishy S., Saleh R. 2015. Hysterothylacium aduncum (Nematoda, Anisakidae) with a new host record from the common sole Solea solea (Soleidae) and its role as a biological indicator of pollution. Parasitology Research, 114, 513–22. [Crossref]

  • Abdel-Ghaffar F., Bashtar A.R., Abdel-Gaber R., Morsy K., Mehlhorn H., Al Quraishy S., Mohammed S. 2014. Cucullanus egyptae sp. nov. (Nematoda, Cucullanidae) infecting the European eel Anguilla anguilla in Egypt. Morphological and molecular phylogenetic studies. Parasitology Research, 113, 3457–65. [Crossref]

  • Akhtar Y.(Ed.) 2008. Feeding habits and nematode parasites of some fishes of Karachi coast. Department of Botany, Jinnah University for Women, Nazimabad, Karachi, Pakistan pp. 268.

  • Ali H.R., Arifin M.M., Sheikh M.A., Shazili N.A., Bakari S.S., Bachok Z. 2014. Contamination of diuron in coastal waters around Malaysian Peninsular. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 85, 287–91. [Crossref]

  • Ali M.H., Abdel-Satar A.M. 2005. Studies of some heavy metals in water, sediment, fish and fish diets in some fish farms in El-Fayoum province, Egypt. Egyptian Journal of Aquatic Research, 31, 261–273

  • Badawy M.I., Wahaab R.A. 1997. Environmental impact of some chemical pollutants on Lake Manzala. International Journal of Environmental Health Research, 7, 161–170

  • Baruš V., Jrkovský J., Prokeš M. 2007 Philometra ovata (Nematoda: Philometroidea): a potential sentinel species of heavy metal accumulation. Parasitology Research, 100, 929–933. [Crossref]

  • Baylis H.A. 1923 Reports on collection of parasitic nematodes mainly from Egypt. Pt.1.Ascarida and Heterakidae; Pt. 11. Oxyuridae; Pt 111 Camallanidae etc. Parasitology, 15,1–38

  • Baylis H.A. 1947 The nematode genus Dujardinascaris (nom. nov. pro. Dujardinia) in Crocodilia with a description of a new species. The Annals and Magazine of Natural History, 14, 123–134

  • Bilqees F.M., Shabbir I., Haseeb M.F. 2004. Dujardinascaris karachiensis n. sp. (Heterocheilidae: Filopsularinae) from the fish Pomadasys olivaceus of Karachi coast. Proceedings of Parasitology, 38, 63–69

  • Bleeker P. 1858. De visschen van den Indischen Archipel. Beschreven en toegelicht. Siluri. Verhandelingen der Koninklijke Natuurkundige Vereeniging in Nederlandsch Indië [Acta Societatis Regiae Scientiarum Indo-Neêrlandicae], 4, i–xii + 1–370. [Also: Ichthyologiae Archipelagi Indici Prodromus, Vol 1. Siluri. Lange & Co., Batavia. xii + 370] ( In Duch)

  • Bush A.O., Lafferty K.D., Lotz J.M., Shostak W. 1997. Parasitology meets ecology on its own terms: Margolis et al. revisited. Journal of Parasitology, 83, 575–583

  • Coetzee L., du Preez H.H., van Vuren J.H. 2002. Metal concentrations in Clarias gariepinus and Labeo umbratus from the Olifant and Klein Olifants River, Mpumalanga, South Africa: Zinc, copper, manganese, lead, chromium, nickel, aluminium and iron. Water SA, 28, 433–448

  • Courtney-Hogue C. 2016. Heavy metal accumulation in Lacistorhynchus dollfusi (Trypanorhyncha: Lacistorhynchidae) infecting Citharichthys sordidus (Pleuronectiformes: Bothidae) from Santa Monica Bay, Southern California. Parasitology, 143, 794–799. [Crossref]

  • De Chambrier A., Scholz T., Ibraheem M.H. 2004. Redescription of Electrotaenia malapteruri Fritsch, 1886 (Cestoda: Proteocephalidae), a parasite of Malapterurus electricus (Siluriformes: Malapteruridae) from Egypt. Systematic Parasitology, 57, 97–109. [Crossref]

  • Demirezen D., Uruc K. 2006. Comparative study of trace elements in certain fish, meat and meat products. Meat Science, 74, 255–260. [Crossref]

  • Dick T.A., Choudhury A. 1995. Cestoidea (Phylum Platyhelminthes), dans P.T.K. Woo (Ed.), Fish diseases and disorders. 1 Protozoan and Metazoan Infection. CAB International, Oxon, UK, pp. 391–414

  • Dural M., Genc E., Sangun M.K., Güner, O. 2011. Accumulation of some heavy metals in Hysterothylacium aduncum (Nematoda) and its host sea bream, Sparus aurata (Sparidae) from North-Eastern Mediterranean Sea (Iskenderun Bay). Environmental Monitoring and Assessment, 174, 147–155. [Crossref]

  • EHCW (Egyptian Higher Committee of Water). 1995. Egyptian standards for drinking and domestic water according to the Act 27/ 1978 in regulating of the public water supplies. Egyptian Governmental Press, Egypt

  • Eissa I.A.M. 2002. Text book of parasitic fish diseases in Egypt. Dar El-Nahdda El-Arabia, Cairo, Egypt Issa I.A.M., Ramadan A.F., Mohamed S.Y., Abdelmola H.I. 2010. Entero-parasitic infestation and the associated pathological lesions in Clarias gariepinus at Ismailia province. Journal of Agriculture and Veterinary Science, 3, 21–32

  • El-Seify M.A., Mahmoud N.A., Abou El-Wafa S.A., Abd El-Aal A.M.I. 1997. Studies on some enteric helminths of Nile fishes from Sharkia province, Lower Egypt. Egyptian Journal of Aquatic Biology and Fisheries, 1, 431–449

  • Fritsch G.(Ed.). 1886. Die Parasiten des Zitterwelses. Sitzungsberichte der Akademie der Wissenschaften zu Berlin, 6, 99–108. (In German)

  • Gedoeist L.(Ed.). 1916. Notes sur la Fauna parasitaira du Congo belge. Rev Zool Afric S, pp. 1–90. (In French)

  • Gmelin J.F. 1789. Caroli a Linné. Systema Naturae per Regna Tria Naturae, Secundum Classes, Ordines, Genera, Species; cum Characteribus, Differentiis, Synonymis, Locis. Editio Decimo Tertia, Aucta, Reformata, Lipsiae. Fishes, 1, 3. (In French)

  • Hafesteinsson H., Rizvi S.S. 1987. A review of the sealworm problem: biology, implications and solutions. Journal of Food Production, 50, 70–84

  • Hoffman G.L. (2nd Ed.) 1970. Parasite of North American freshwater fishes. University of California Press, Berkeley, pp. 480

  • Ibrahim A.M., Bahnasawy M.H., Mansy S.E., El-Fayomy R.I. 1999. Heavy metal accumulation in water, sediment and some fishes in Lake Manzala, Egypt. Journal of Egyptian German Society of Zoology, 29, 43–58

  • Innes W.T. (19th Ed.). 1966. Exotic aquarium fishes. New Jersey, Aquarium Incorporated.

  • Khaleghzadeh-Ahangar H., Malek M., McKenzie K. 2011. The parasitic nematodes Hysterothylacium sp. type MB larvae as bioindicators of lead and cadmium: a comparative study of parasite and host tissues. Parasitology, 138, 1400–1405. [Crossref]

  • Khalil L.F., Polling L. (2nd Ed.). 1997. Checklist of the helminth parasites of African freshwater fishes. Pietersburg: University of the North, pp.185

  • Khallaf E.A., Galal M., Authman M. 1998. Assessment of heavy metals pollution and their effects on Oreochromis niloticus in aquatic drainage canals. Journal of Egyptian German Society of Zoology, 26, 39–74

  • Klimpel S., Abdel-Ghaffar F., Al-Rasheid K.A., Aksu G., Fischer K., Strassen B., Mehlhorn H. 2011. The effects of different plant extracts on nematodes. Parasitology Research, 108, 1047–1054. [Crossref]

  • La Rue G.R. 1911. A revision of the cestode family Proteocephalidae. Zoologischer Anzeiger, 38, 473–482

  • Mazhar R., Shazili N.A., Harrison F.S. 2014. Comparative study of the metal accumulation in Hysterothalycium reliquens (nematode) and Paraphilometroides nemipteri (nematode) as compared with their doubly infected host, Nemipterus peronii (Notched threadfin bream). Parasitology Research, 113, 3737-43. [Crossref].

  • Nachev M., Schertzinger G., Sures B. 2013. Comparison of the metal accumulation capacity between the acanthocephalan Pomphorhynchus laevis and larval nematodes of the genus Eustrongylides sp. infecting barbel (Barbus barbus). Parasites and Vectors, 6, 1–8. [Crossref]

  • Nybelin O. (Ed.). 1942. Zur Helminthen Fauna der Süsswasserfische Schwedens. II. Die Cestodes des Welses. Bihang till Göteborgs Kungliga Vetenskaps-och Vitterhets-samhälles Handlingar, B1, 1–24 ( In German)

  • Page A.L., Miller R.H., Kenney D.R. 1982. Heavy metals determination, Methods of soil analysis, part 2, chemical and microbiological properties. American Society of Agronomy, Madison, pp.8

  • Palíková M., Baruš V. 2003. Mercury content in Aguillicola crassus (Nematoda) and its host Anguilla anguilla. Acta Veterinaria Brno, 72, 289–294

  • Pourang N. 1995. Heavy metal bioaccumulation in different tissues of two fish species with regards to their feeding habits and trophic levels. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment, 35, 207–219. [Crossref]

  • Pradit S., Shazili N.A., Towatana P., Saengmanee W. 2016. Accumulation of Trace Metals in Anadara granosa and Anadara inaequivalvis from Pattani Bay and the Setiu Wetlands. Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology, 96, 472–7. [Crossref]

  • Radwan S., Kowalik W., Kornijow R. 1990. Accumulation of heavy metals in a lake ecosystem. The Science of the Total Environment, 96, 121–129

  • Railliet A., Henry A. 1905. Un nouveau sclerotomien (Triodontophorus deminutus Nov. sp.) parasite de’I’ homme. Comptes Rendus De La Societe De Biologie, 58, 569–571. (In French)

  • Rego A.A. 1994. Order Proteocephalidea Mola, 1928. In: Khalil LF, Jones A, Bray RA (Eds) Keys to the cestode parasites of vertebrates. Wallingford: CAB International, pp. 257–293

  • Schludermann C., Konecny R., Laimgruber S., Lewis J.W., Schiemer F., Chovanec A., Sures B. 2003. Fish macroparasites as indicators of heavy metal pollution in river sites in Austria. Parasitology, 123, S61–S69

  • Shakweer L.M. 1998. Concentration levels of some trace metals in Oreochromis niloticus at highly and less polluted areas of Mariut Lake. Journal of Egyptian German Society of Zoology, 25, 125–144

  • Sprent J.F.A. 1990. Some ascaridoid nematodes of fishes: Heterocheilinae. Systematic Parasitology, 16, 149–161. [Crossref]

  • Sures B., Steiner W., Rydlo M., Taraschewski H. 1999. Concentrations of 17 elements in the zebra mussel (Dreissena polymorpha), in different tissues of perch (Perca fluviatilis), and in perch intestinal parasites (Acanthocephalus lucii) from the subalpin lake Mondsee (Austria). Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry, 18, 2574–2579. [Crossref]

  • Tenora F., Baruš V., Kráčmar S., Dvořáček J. 2000. Concentration of some heavy metals in Ligula intestinalis plerocercoids (Cestoda) and Philometra ovate (Nematoda) compared to some their hosts (Osteichthyes). Helminthologia, 37, 15–18

  • Torres J., Eira C., Miquel J., Ferrer-Maza D., Delgado E., Casadevall M. 2015. Effect of Intestinal Tapeworm Clestobothrium crassiceps on Concentrations of Toxic Elements and Selenium in European Hake Merluccius merluccius from the Gulf of Lion (Northwestern Mediterranean Sea). Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, 63, 9349–56. [Crossref]

  • UNEP/FAO/IOC/IAEA. 1984. Sampling of selected marine organisms and sample preparation for trace metal analysis: Reference methods for marine pollution studies. Revision, 2, 19

  • USEPA. 1986. United States Environmental Protection Agency. Quality criteria for water. EPA 440 15-86-001

  • Vidal-Martinez V.M., Pech D., Sures B., Purucker T., Poulin R. 2010. Can parasites really reveal environmental impact?. Trends Parasitol, 26, 44–51. [Crossref]

  • WHO–IPCS–Environmental Health. 1987. International program of chemical safety. WHO–IPCS–Environmental Health Criteria Report, with ILO and UNEP. Geneva, Switzerland, WHO

  • Woo P.T.K. (2nd Ed.) 1995. fish diseases and disorders Vol. 1 (Protozoan and Metazoan infections) CAB, Int., Wallingford, Oxan, UK

  • Yamaguti S. 1941. Studies on the helminth fauna of Japan. Part II. Nematodes of fishes. Japanese Journal of Zoology, 9, 343–396

  • Yamaguti S. 1941. Studies on the helminth fauna of Japan. Part II. Nematodes of fishes. Japanese Journal of Zoology, 9, 343–396

  • Yamaguti S. (2nd Ed.) 1961. Systema Helminthum. Vol. III. The Nematodes of Vertebrates. Part I and II. Interscience Publishers, Inc., New York and London

  • Yılmaz A.B. 2005. Comparison of heavy metal levels of grey mullet (Mugil cephalus) and sea bream (Sparus aurata) caught in İskenderun Bay (Turkey). Turkish Journal of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, 29, 257–262

About the article

Received: 2016-09-14

Revised: 2017-01-17

Accepted: 2017-01-19

Published Online: 2017-04-18

Published in Print: 2017-06-01


Conflict of Interest. The authors have indicated that they have no conflict of interest regarding the content of this article.


Citation Information: Acta Parasitologica, ISSN (Online) 1896-1851, ISSN (Print) 1230-2821, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/ap-2017-0040. Export Citation

Comments (0)

Please log in or register to comment.
Log in