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Acta Parasitologica

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Volume 62, Issue 3 (Sep 2017)

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Epidemiology of Toxoplasma gondii infection in native Tibetans in Tibet, China

Kun Li
  • College of Veterinary Medicine, Huazhong Agricultural University, Wuhan 430070, People’s Republic of China
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/ Meng Wang
  • College of Veterinary Medicine, Huazhong Agricultural University, Wuhan 430070, People’s Republic of China
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/ Hui Zhang
  • College of Veterinary Medicine, Huazhong Agricultural University, Wuhan 430070, People’s Republic of China
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/ Zhixin Lei
  • College of Veterinary Medicine, Huazhong Agricultural University, Wuhan 430070, People’s Republic of China
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/ Lihong Zhang
  • College of Veterinary Medicine, Huazhong Agricultural University, Wuhan 430070, People’s Republic of China
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/ Houqiang Luo
  • College of Veterinary Medicine, Huazhong Agricultural University, Wuhan 430070, People’s Republic of China
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/ Gang Qiu
  • College of Veterinary Medicine, Huazhong Agricultural University, Wuhan 430070, People’s Republic of China
  • Laboratory of Detection and Monitoring of Highland Animal Disease, Tibet Agriculture and Animal Husbandry College, Linzhi 860000 Tibet, People’s Republic of China
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/ Khalid Mehmood
  • College of Veterinary Medicine, Huazhong Agricultural University, Wuhan 430070, People’s Republic of China
  • University College of Veterinary & Animal Sciences, the Islamia University of Bahawalpur, Bahawalpur, Pakistan
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/ Muhammad Shahzad
  • College of Veterinary Medicine, Huazhong Agricultural University, Wuhan 430070, People’s Republic of China
  • University College of Veterinary & Animal Sciences, the Islamia University of Bahawalpur, Bahawalpur, Pakistan
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/ Jiakui Li
  • Corresponding author
  • College of Veterinary Medicine, Huazhong Agricultural University, Wuhan 430070, People’s Republic of China
  • Laboratory of Detection and Monitoring of Highland Animal Disease, Tibet Agriculture and Animal Husbandry College, Linzhi 860000 Tibet, People’s Republic of China
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Published Online: 2017-07-05 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/ap-2017-0063

Abstract

Toxoplasma gondii (T. gondii) is one of the most common and widespread protozoan parasite which caused toxoplasma infection in animals and humans. Toxoplasma infection in healthy people is usually asymptomatic and it can lead to serious pathological effects in congenital cases and immunodeficient patients. The aim of the study is to investigate the prevalence of T. gondii infection in native Tibetans in Tibet as scarce information is available on such a high plateau. A total of 600 blood samples were collected from Tibetans people who visited the hospital in Nyingchi city with the history of flu, swollen lymph glands, muscle pain, and neurological or eyes complications (showing single or more signs). The serum of collected samples were tested for IgG antibody by ELISA. The result showed that the prevalence in men and women were 11.3% and 11.0%, respectively, the prevalence in different ages were 9.8% in < 7 years, 6.2% in ≥7–17 years, 10.1% in ≥18–40 years, 14.8% in ≥41–65 years and 11.6% in ≥66 years. The current study indicates the first report of this zoonotic parasite infection in Tibetan people.

Keywords: Tibet; epidemiology; ELISA; prevalence

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About the article


Received: 2016-09-30

Revised: 2017-02-25

Accepted: 2017-03-31

Published Online: 2017-07-05

Published in Print: 2017-09-26


Conflict of interest The authors declare that they have no competing interests.


Citation Information: Acta Parasitologica, ISSN (Online) 1896-1851, ISSN (Print) 1230-2821, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/ap-2017-0063.

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© 2017 W. Stefański Institute of Parasitology, PAS. Copyright Clearance Center

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