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Acta Parasitologica

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Volume 62, Issue 3 (Sep 2017)

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Seroprevalence and risk factors of Neospora spp. and Toxoplasma gondii infections among horses and donkeys in Nigeria, West Africa

Eva Bártová
  • Corresponding author
  • Department of Biology and Wildlife Diseases, Faculty of Veterinary Hygiene and Ecology, University of Veterinary and Pharmaceutical Sciences Brno, Palackého tř. 1946/1, Brno, 61242, Czech Republic
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/ Kamil Sedlák
  • Department of Virology and Serology, State Veterinary Institute Prague, Sídlištní 136/24, 165 03 Prague 6, Czech Republic
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  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Kateřina Kobédová
  • Department of Biology and Wildlife Diseases, Faculty of Veterinary Hygiene and Ecology, University of Veterinary and Pharmaceutical Sciences Brno, Palackého tř. 1946/1, Brno, 61242, Czech Republic
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  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Marie Budíková
  • Department of Mathematics and Statistics, Faculty of Science, Masaryk University, Brno, 611 37, Czech Republic
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/ Yakubu Joel Atuman / Joshua Kamani
  • Parasitology Division, National Veterinary Research Institute (NVRI) PMB 01 Vom, Plateau State Nigeria
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Published Online: 2017-07-05 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/ap-2017-0073

Abstract

Neospora spp. and Toxoplasma gondii are considered to be a globally distributed parasites affecting wide range of warm-blooded animals. Neosporosis has caused clinical illness in horses and consumption of horse meat has been epidemiologically linked to clinical toxoplasmosis in humans. This study was conducted to determine Neospora spp. and T. gondii antibodies and risk factors of infection in horses and donkeys from three states of Nigeria. A total of 144 samples were collected from clinically healthy animals (120 horses and 24 donkeys). The sera were tested for antibodies to Neospora spp. and T. gondii by indirect fluorescence antibody test, a titer ≥ 50 was considered positive. Seroprevalence data were statistically analyzed, considering the variables of gender, age, use, state, origin of breed and type of management. Antibodies to Neospora spp. and T. gondii were detected in 8% horses with titers 50 and in 24% horses with titers 50–800, respectively. Co-infection of both parasites was proved in three horses (3%). Statistical differences were found only for T. gondii seroprevalence in horses with different use, locality, origin and management (p-value ≤ 0.05). Antibodies to T. gondii were detected in four (17%) of 24 donkeys with statistical difference (p-value ≤ 0.05) in animals of different use; antibodies to Neospora spp. were not proved in any of the donkeys. This is the first seroprevalence study of Neospora spp. and T. gondii in equids from Nigeria.

Keywords: Equus caballus; Equus asinus; IFAT; neosporosis; toxoplasmosis

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About the article

Received: 2017-01-18

Revised: 2017-04-28

Accepted: 2017-05-05

Published Online: 2017-07-05

Published in Print: 2017-09-26


Citation Information: Acta Parasitologica, ISSN (Online) 1896-1851, ISSN (Print) 1230-2821, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/ap-2017-0073.

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