Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
Show Summary Details
More options …

Acta Parasitologica

4 Issues per year


IMPACT FACTOR 2016: 1.160
5-year IMPACT FACTOR: 1.185

CiteScore 2016: 1.24

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2016: 0.532
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2016: 0.721

Online
ISSN
1896-1851
See all formats and pricing
More options …
Volume 62, Issue 4

Issues

Redescription of the nematode parasites of lizards: Strongyluris oscari Travassos, 1923 (Heterakidae) from Brazil and Pharyngodon mamillatus (Linstow, 1897) (Pharyngodonidae) from Egypt

Felipe B. Pereira
  • Corresponding author
  • Programa de Pós-Graduação em Biologia Animal, Instituto de Biociências, Universidade Federal de Mato Grosso do Sul, Av. Costa e Silva s/n°, CEP 79070–900, Campo Grande, MS, Brasil
  • Email
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ José L. Luque
  • Departamento de Parasitologia Animal, Instituto de Veterinária, Universidade Federal Rural do Rio de Janeiro, CEP 23851–970, Seropédica, RJ, Brasil
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Luiz E. R. Tavares
  • Programa de Pós-Graduação em Biologia Animal, Instituto de Biociências, Universidade Federal de Mato Grosso do Sul, Av. Costa e Silva s/n°, CEP 79070–900, Campo Grande, MS, Brasil
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
Published Online: 2017-10-15 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/ap-2017-0097

Abstract

Strongyluris oscari Travassos, 1923, parasite of Topidurus torquatus (Wied-Neuwied, 1820) (Tropiduridae) from Brazil and Pharyngodon mamillatus (Linstow, 1897) of Chalcides ocellatus (Forskal, 1775) (Scincidae) from Egypt, were redescribed based on light and scanning electron microscopy, and re-evaluation of specimens from parasitological collections. The following features were accurately observed in S. oscari for the first time: structure of lips and pharyngeal valve, presence and distribution of somatic papillae, number and arrangement of caudal papillae, presence of inner sclerotised structures supporting the ventral sucker and the ventral region in tail of males, and structure of the posterior anal lip in females. The unpaired papilla on the inferior edge of the ventral sucker in males of S. oscari is a cuticular groove instead of a true papilla. Regarding the morphology of P. mamillatus the following features were given in details for the first time: structure of the cephalic end in both male and female, location of amphids, position of phasmids in females and the accurate morphology of caudal bursa in males, including the distribution of caudal papillae and the genital cone morphology. Strongyluris oscari and P. mamillatus have no intraspecific morphological variations, but wide range on biometric features. These variations may be accounted by host/environment attributes, since they exhibit wide host and geographical spectra. The present results increased the morphological knowledge of P. mamillatus and S. oscari, strengthening their taxonomic validity.

Keywords: Heterakoidea; Oxyuroidea; Squamata; Sauria; reptile

References

  • Aho J.M. 1990. Helminth communities of amphibians and reptiles: Comparative approaches to understanding patterns and processes. In: (Eds G. Esch, A.O. Bush and J.M. Aho) Parasite communities: Patterns and processes. Chapman and Hall, London, 157–195Google Scholar

  • Alho C.J.R. 1969. Oxyurata de lagartos do Planalto Central. Sobre o gênero Strongyluris Müeller, 1894 com descrição de duas espécies novas (Nematoda, Subuluroidea). Revista Brasileira de Biologia, 29, 65–74Google Scholar

  • Amer S.O., Bursey C.R. 2008. On the oxyurid nematode, Pharyngodon mamillatus in the skink, Novoeumeces schneideri (Lacertilia: Scincidae) from Egypt. Comparative Parasitology, 75, 333–338. CrossrefWeb of ScienceGoogle Scholar

  • Anderson R.C., Chabaud A.G., Willmott S. (Eds) 2009. Keys to the nematode parasites of vertebrates: archival volume. CAB Publishing, Wallingford, pp. 480Google Scholar

  • Ashour A.A., Koura E.A., El-Alfy A.M., Abdel-Aal Z. 1992. On the morphology of the oxiurid nematode Pharyngodon mamillatus (Linstow, 1897) from Chalcides ocellatus from Egypt. Journal of Egyptian Society of Parasitology, 22, 801–806Google Scholar

  • Ávila R.W., Silva R.J. 2010. Checklist of helmiths from lizards and amphisbaenians (Reptilia, Squamata) of South America. The Journal of Venomous Animals and Toxicins including Tropical Diseases, 16, 543–573. CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Ávila R.W., Silva R.J. 2013. Helminths of lizards from the municipality of Aripuanã in the southern Amazon region of Brazil. Journal of Helminthology, 87, 12–16. CrossrefPubMedGoogle Scholar

  • Ávila R.W., Souza F.L., Silva R.J. 2010. Helminths from seven species of lizards (Reptilia: Squamata) at the Cerrado of Mato Grosso do Sul State, Brazil. Comparative Parasitology, 77, 67–71. CrossrefWeb of ScienceGoogle Scholar

  • Baylis H.A. 1923. Report on a collection of parasitic nematodes, mainly from Egypt. Parasitology, 15, 14–23CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Brooks D.R., Hoberg E.P. 2000. Triage for the biosphere. The need and rationale for taxonomic inventories and phylogenetic studies for parasites. Comparative Parasitology, 67, 1–25Google Scholar

  • Bursey C.R., Goldberg S.R., Kraus F. 2013. A new species of Strongyluris (Nematoda: Heterakidae) from the lizard, Lophognathus temporalis (Sauria: Agamidae) from Papua New Guinea. Journal of Parasitology, 99,1024–1027. CrossrefWeb of ScienceGoogle Scholar

  • Bursey C.R., Goldberg S.R., Telford Jr. S.R. 2003. Strongyluris panamensis n. sp. (Nematoda: Heterakidae) and other helminths from the lizard, Anolis biporcatus (Sauria: Polychrotidae), from Panama. Journal of Parasitology, 89, 118–123CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Chabaud A.G., Golvan Y.J. 1957. Miscellanea helminthological Maroccana XXIV. Nematodes parasites de lézards de la forêt de Nefifik. Archives du Institut Pasteur du Maroc, 5, 447–469Google Scholar

  • Dobson A., Lafferty K.D, Kuris A.M., Hechinger R.F., Jetz W. 2008. Homage to Linnaeus: How many parasites? How many hosts? PNAS, 105, 11482–11489. CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Hering-Hagenbeck S.F.B.N., Boomker J. 2000. A check-list of nematode parasites of South American Serpentes (snakes) and Sauria (lizards). Onderstepoort Journal of Veterinary Research, 67, 1–13Google Scholar

  • Inglis W.G. 1957. A review of the nematode superfamily Heterakoidea. The Annals and Magazine of Natural History, 12, 905–912Google Scholar

  • Kohn A., Pinto R.M., Fernandes B.M.M. 1973. Contribuição ao conhecimento de Strongyluris oscari Travassos, 1923 (Nematoda, Subuluroidea). Memórias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz, 71, 219–225CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Moravec F., Baruš V., Ryšavý B. 1987. On parasitic nematodes of the families Heterakidae and Pharyngodonidae from reptiles in Egypt. Folia Parasitologica, 34, 269–280Google Scholar

  • Pereira F.B., Campião C.M., Luque J.L., Tavares L.E.R. 2017. Parapharyngodon hugoi n. sp. a new nematode (Oxyuroidea: Pharyngodonidae) of the tree frog Trachycephalus typhonius (Linnaeus) from the Brazilian Pantanal, including a key to the congeners from amphibians of the American continent. Systematic Partasitology, 94, 599–607. CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Poulin R., Leung T.L.F. 2010. Taxonomic resolution in parasite community studies: are things getting worse? Parasitology, 137, 1967–1973. CrossrefWeb of ScienceGoogle Scholar

  • Rabie S.A.H., El-Din M.Z., El-Latif A., Mohamed N.I., Al-Hissin O.F.A. 2012. Redescription of nematodes Pharyngodon mamillatus and Thelandros sp. from some reptiles of Qena, Egypt. International Journal of Science Research, 3, 1368–1380Google Scholar

  • Rodríguez-Ortíz B., García-Prieto L., Pérez-Ponce de Léon G. 2004. Checklist of helminth parasites of vertebrates in Costa Rica. Revista de Biología Tropical, 52, 313–353PubMedGoogle Scholar

  • Santos J.N., Melo F.T.V., Nazaré L.C., Furtado A.P., Giese E.G. 2013. Strongyluris amazonicus n. sp. (Nematoda: Heterakidae): A parasite of Tropidurus oreadicus from the Brazilian Amazon. Acta Tropica, 128, 96–102. CrossrefPubMedWeb of ScienceGoogle Scholar

  • Sutton C.A., Mordeglia C., Cruz F. 1998. Strongyluris oscari Travassos, 1923 (Nematoda, Heterakidae) from Tropidurus spinulosus (Squamata, Tropiduridae) from NW Argentina. Gayana Zoologia, 62, 171–175Google Scholar

  • Travassos L. 1923. Informações sobre a fauna helmintológica de Mato Grosso. Folha Médica, 4, 58Google Scholar

  • Uetz P., Freed P., Hošek J. (Eds.) 2016. The Reptile Database. World Wide Web electronic publication. http://www.reptile-database.org, version 12/2016

  • Vicente J.J., Rodrigues H.O., Gomes D.C., Pinto R.M. 1993. Nematóides do Brasil. Parte III: Nematóides de répteis. Revista Brasileira de Zoologia, 10, 19–168. (In Portuguese)CrossrefGoogle Scholar

About the article

Received: 2017-06-14

Revised: 2017-08-10

Accepted: 2017-08-21

Published Online: 2017-10-15

Published in Print: 2017-12-20


Citation Information: Acta Parasitologica, Volume 62, Issue 4, Pages 805–814, ISSN (Online) 1896-1851, ISSN (Print) 1230-2821, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/ap-2017-0097.

Export Citation

© 2017 W. Stefański Institute of Parasitology, PAS. Copyright Clearance Center

Comments (0)

Please log in or register to comment.
Log in