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Acta Parasitologica

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Volume 63, Issue 1


Changes in the incidence of intestinal giardiosis in Mexican population during five years (2011-2015)

Gabriela Ibáñez-Cervantes
  • Departamento de Biología Celular, Centro de Investigación y Estudios Avanzados del Instituto Politécnico Nacional, Av. IPN 2508, Col. San Pedro Zacatenco, 07360. México City, México
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/ Gloria León-Ávila
  • Corresponding author
  • Departamento de Zoología, Escuela Nacional de Ciencias Biológicas, Instituto Politécnico Nacional, Carpio y Plan de Ayala, Col. Casco de Santo Tomás, 11340, México City, México
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/ Juan Manuel Bello-López
  • Unidad de Investigación en Microbiología y Toxicología Hospital, Juárez de México, Av. Instituto Politécnico Nacional 5160, Zacatenco, Gustavo A. Madero, 07360, México City, México
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/ Armando Pérez-Rangel
  • Departamento de Biología Celular, Centro de Investigación y Estudios Avanzados del Instituto Politécnico Nacional, Av. IPN 2508, Col. San Pedro Zacatenco, 07360. México City, México
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/ Gregorio León-García
  • Servicio de Medicina Interna, Hospital Español, Ejército Nacional 617, Col. Granada, C.P. 11520 México, México City, México
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  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Benjamín Nogueda-Torres
  • Departamento de Parasitología, Escuela Nacional de Ciencias Biológicas, Instituto Politécnico Nacional, Carpio y Plan de Ayala, Col. Casco de Santo Tomás, 11340, México City, México
  • Other articles by this author:
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/ José Manuel Hernández
  • Corresponding author
  • Departamento de Biología Celular, Centro de Investigación y Estudios Avanzados del Instituto Politécnico Nacional, Av. IPN 2508, Col. San Pedro Zacatenco, 07360. México City, México
  • Email
  • Other articles by this author:
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Published Online: 2018-01-17 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/ap-2018-0005


Giardiosis is a parasitic disease caused by the protozoan Giardia intestinalis, which is distributed worldwide. Most of the data on the prevalence of giardiosis in Mexico comes from research, but it is also necessary to study the data provided by the Mexican Health Ministry and issued by the General Directorate of Epidemiology. The aim of this work was analyse the national surveillance data for human giardiosis in order to update the epidemiological data of this disease in Mexico. A retrospective observational analysis of giardiosis (from January 2011 to December 2015) was performed in the annual reports emitted by the GDE in Mexico. The cases were classified by year, state, age group, gender and seasons of the year. During the period of 2011–2015, a reduction of 38.51% was observed in the total number of new cases of giardiosis reported in the whole country The states of Sinaloa, Yucatan, and Chiapas presented the highest number of new cases reported during the analysed period. Giardiosis rates were always higher among women in all age groups, but the maximum incidence was observed in both sexes in the age group of 1–4 years old (the most susceptible group). On the other hand, the number of cases increased dramatically in southern states during warmer months. Giardiosis is influenced by ambient temperature changes along the year, although this study suggests that tends to decrease in all the analysed states and could be related to the overall improvement of hygienic practices within the Mexican population,

Keywords: Epidemiology; Giardia intestinalis; giardiosis; Mexico; incidence


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About the article

# Gabriela Ibáñez–Cervantes and Juan Manuel Bello–López have contributed equally to this work

Received: 2017-07-07

Revised: 2017-10-05

Accepted: 2017-10-09

Published Online: 2018-01-17

Published in Print: 2018-03-26

Authors’ contributions: GIC, APR, JMBL, GLA, GLG, BNT and JMHH designed the study; GIC, APR, JMBL, GLA, GLG, BNT and JMHH analysed and interpreted the data and results; GIC, GLA, JMBL and JMHH gave a major contribution to the writing. All authors read and approved the final manuscript. GIC, GLA, JMBL, and JMHH are guarantors of the paper.

Competing interests: the authors reported no potential conflict of interest.

Ethical approval: Not required.

Funding: This work was supported by the Consejo Nacional de Ciencia y Tecnología, México [grants 167376 (GLA), 180016 (JMHH), postdoctoral position 205977 (GIC)] and SIP20160735, SIP20170589 (GLA).

Citation Information: Acta Parasitologica, Volume 63, Issue 1, Pages 40–47, ISSN (Online) 1896-1851, ISSN (Print) 1230-2821, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/ap-2018-0005.

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