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Acta Parasitologica

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Volume 63, Issue 1

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Pathological and molecular studies of the renal trematode Paratanaisia bragai in Indian peafowls (Pavo cristatus)

M. Asok Kumar
  • Corresponding author
  • Avian Diseases Section, Division of Pathology, ICAR-Indian Veterinary Research Institute, Izatnagar, Bareilly – 243122, U.P., India
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/ Deepak Kumar
  • Genetic Engineering Virus Laboratory, Division of Veterinary Biotechnology, ICAR-Indian Veterinary Research Institute, Izatnagar, Bareilly – 243122, U.P., India
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/ Munuswamy Palanivelu
  • Avian Diseases Section, Division of Pathology, ICAR-Indian Veterinary Research Institute, Izatnagar, Bareilly – 243122, U.P., India
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/ Latchumikanthan Annamalai
  • Veterinary University Training and Research Centre (VUTRC), Villupuram, – 605601. Tamil Nadu, India
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/ Karikalan Mathesh
  • Centre for Wildlife, ICAR-Indian Veterinary Research Institute, Izatnagar, Bareilly – 243122 U.P., India
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/ Rajendra Singh
  • Division of Pathology, ICAR-Indian Veterinary Research Institute, Izatnagar, Bareilly – 243122 U.P., India
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/ Anil Kumar Sharma
  • Division of Pathology, ICAR-Indian Veterinary Research Institute, Izatnagar, Bareilly – 243122 U.P., India
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/ Kuldeep Dhama
  • Avian Diseases Section, Division of Pathology, ICAR-Indian Veterinary Research Institute, Izatnagar, Bareilly – 243122, U.P., India
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Published Online: 2018-01-17 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/ap-2018-0025

Abstract

Endoparasitic diseases are commonly encountered in free-ranging birds. Although not all endoparasites cause disease, persistent infection with large numbers of parasites almost always affects normal physiological functions, leading to deleterious effects on the host. This paper describes the anatomopathological alterations caused by the renal trematode Paratanaisia bragai in Indian peafowl (n = 3) and examines the phylogeny of these and related parasites. Peafowl from forests in and around the Bareilly region, Uttar Pradesh, India, were necropsied, and microscopic and molecular investigations were performed. The peafowl were confirmed to be infected with P. bragai. Significant gross pathological lesions suggested nephrosis, and microscopic findings indicated a mild-to-moderate degree of nephrosis caused by the parasites in the tissue. The parasites were identified as P. bragai by histomorphological analysis of adult and eggs in the ureters, and the identification was confirmed by PCR and phylogenetic analysis. Nucleotide sequencing of the PCR products from the renal trematodes recovered from Indian peafowl revealed a close association with P. bragai from Columbiformes in the United Kingdom and Spain. The pathology and molecular epidemiology of parasitic diseases affecting peafowl is not well understood in India. This is the first report from India and the second report worldwide to document P. bragai infection in peafowl.

Keywords: Kidney; Paratanaisia; peafowl; phylogenetic analysis; trematode

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About the article

Received: 2017-03-20

Revised: 2017-11-20

Accepted: 2017-11-24

Published Online: 2018-01-17

Published in Print: 2018-03-26


Disclosure statement: The authors declare that they have no competing interests.


Citation Information: Acta Parasitologica, Volume 63, Issue 1, Pages 214–219, ISSN (Online) 1896-1851, ISSN (Print) 1230-2821, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/ap-2018-0025.

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