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Acta Parasitologica

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Volume 63, Issue 2

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Cystic echinococcosis in animals and humans of Maharashtra State, India

V.M. Vaidya
  • Corresponding author
  • Department of Veterinary Public Health, Bombay Veterinary College, Maharashtra Animal and Fishery Sciences University, Mumbai, India
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/ R.J. Zende
  • Department of Veterinary Public Health, Bombay Veterinary College, Maharashtra Animal and Fishery Sciences University, Mumbai, India
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/ A.M. Paturkar
  • Department of Veterinary Public Health, Bombay Veterinary College, Maharashtra Animal and Fishery Sciences University, Mumbai, India
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/ M.L. Gatne
  • Department of Veterinary Public Health, Bombay Veterinary College, Maharashtra Animal and Fishery Sciences University, Mumbai, India
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/ D.G. Dighe
  • Department of Veterinary Preventive Medicine, Bombay Veterinary College, Maharashtra Animal and Fishery Sciences University, Mumbai, India
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/ R.N. Waghmare
  • Department of Veterinary Public Health, Bombay Veterinary College, Maharashtra Animal and Fishery Sciences University, Mumbai, India
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/ S.L. Moon
  • Department of Veterinary Public Health, Nagpur Veterinary College, Maharashtra Animal and Fishery Sciences University, Nagpur, India
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/ S.S. Bhave
  • Department of Veterinary Public Health, Bombay Veterinary College, Maharashtra Animal and Fishery Sciences University, Mumbai, India
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/ K.G. Bengale
  • Department of Veterinary Public Health, Bombay Veterinary College, Maharashtra Animal and Fishery Sciences University, Mumbai, India
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/ N.V. Nikale
  • Department of Veterinary Public Health, Bombay Veterinary College, Maharashtra Animal and Fishery Sciences University, Mumbai, India
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Published Online: 2018-04-13 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/ap-2018-0027

Abstract

Echinococcosis/hydatidosis which is a neglected parasitic zoonosis in the developing country like India. The study was conducted during April, 2010 to March, 2017 to determine the prevalence among slaughtered food animals, dogs and human. The samples were collected from the various slaughterhouses situated in different regions of Maharashtra state. A total of 9464 cattle (male), 3661 buffalo, 47189 sheep, 33350 goats and 13579 pigs were scientifically examined during PM inspection at different slaughterhouses. The study revealed that the prevalence of disease in cattle (3.00%) was highest followed by buffalo (2.05%), pig (1.28%), sheep (0.09%) and goat (0.01%), by PM examination. The average estimated economic losses (direct and indirect) due to hydatidosis were Rs. 8,65,83,566 in cattle, Rs. 44,33,93,900 in buffalo, Rs. 7,24,50,615 in sheep, Rs. 1,88,29,359 in goat and Rs. 5,20,49,081 in pigs. Dog faecal samples analyzed and showed the prevalence of echinococcosis as 4.34% (19/438) by sedimentation method and positive samples were confirmed by PCR assay, whereas in high risk human, 11.09% sera samples were found to be positive for echinococcosis. However, based on data collection for seven years, 58 patients were found to be surgically operated for hydatid cyst removal. The results of the present study indicated that cystic echinococcosis/hydatidosis is prevalent in both human and animal population in study areas which attracts serious attention from veterinary and public health authority to reduce economic burden and in designing appropriate strategy for prevention and control of disease.

Keywords: Cystic echinococcosis; food animals; PM examination; prevalence; economic losses; dogs; humans; PCR assay

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About the article

Received: 2017-07-20

Revised: 2017-11-30

Accepted: 2017-12-11

Published Online: 2018-04-13

Published in Print: 2018-06-26


Conflict of interest: No financial and personal relationship between the authors and other peoples or organisations has inappropriately influenced (bias this work).


Citation Information: Acta Parasitologica, Volume 63, Issue 2, Pages 232–243, ISSN (Online) 1896-1851, ISSN (Print) 1230-2821, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/ap-2018-0027.

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