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Acta Parasitologica

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Volume 63, Issue 2

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Prevalence and risk factors associated with Tritrichomonas foetus infection in cattle in the state of Paraíba, Brazil

Ruy Brayner de Oliveira Filho
  • Corresponding author
  • Student from the Graduate Program in Tropical Animal Science, Federal Rural University of Pernambuco (UFRPE), Dois Irmãos Campus, Av. Dom Manoel de Medeiros, unnumbered, Dois Irmãos, Recife, PE 52171-900, Brazil
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/ Karla Campos Malta
  • Federal University of Paraiba (UFPB), Campus II, Center for Agricultural Sciences, University City, Areia, PB 58397-000, Brazil
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/ Jonas de Melo Borges
  • Student from the Graduate Program in Tropical Animal Science, Federal Rural University of Pernambuco (UFRPE), Dois Irmãos Campus, Av. Dom Manoel de Medeiros, unnumbered, Dois Irmãos, Recife, PE 52171-900, Brazil
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/ Pollyanne Raysa Fernandes de Oliveira
  • Student from the Graduate Program in Tropical Animal Science, Federal Rural University of Pernambuco (UFRPE), Dois Irmãos Campus, Av. Dom Manoel de Medeiros, unnumbered, Dois Irmãos, Recife, PE 52171-900, Brazil
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/ Givanildo Jacinto dos Santos Filho
  • Federal University of Paraiba (UFPB), Campus II, Center for Agricultural Sciences, University City, Areia, PB 58397-000, Brazil
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/ Glaucia Grazielle Nascimento
  • Student from the Graduate Program in Tropical Animal Science, Federal Rural University of Pernambuco (UFRPE), Dois Irmãos Campus, Av. Dom Manoel de Medeiros, unnumbered, Dois Irmãos, Recife, PE 52171-900, Brazil
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/ Rinaldo Aparecido Mota
  • PhD, Department of Veterinary Medicine, UFRPE, Av. Dom Manoel, unnumbered, Dois Irmãos, Recife, PE 52171-900, Brazil
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/ José Wilton Pinheiro Júnior
  • PhD, Department of Veterinary Medicine, UFRPE, Av. Dom Manoel, unnumbered, Dois Irmãos, Recife, PE 52171-900, Brazil
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Published Online: 2018-04-13 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/ap-2018-0039

Abstract

The objective of this study was to determine the prevalence of Tritrichomonas foetus infection and to evaluate risk factors associated with this infection among cattle in the state of Paraíba in northeastern Brazil. Samples of cervicovaginal mucus from 290 females and smegma from 59 males [beef, 31; mixed aptitude (beef and dairy), 10; and dairy, 18] from 31 farms were collected. Modified Diamond’s medium and polymerase chain reaction (PCR) were used for the laboratory diagnosis of T. foetus infection. Univariate analysis and logistic regression were performed to test for potential risk factors in addition to prevalence mapping. No sample was positive for T. foetus in culture, and the prevalence of T. foetus infection using PCR was 3.7% (13/349) [confidence interval (CI) 95%, 2.1%–6.4%]. In total, 19.3% (6/31) of the farms had at least one animal positive for T. foetus. The contact of females with males from other farms [Odds ratio, 5.9; 95% CI, 1.5–22.4; p = 0.009] was identified as a risk factor for T. foetus infection. This study demonstrates that T. foetus infection is prevalent among dairy cows in the state of Paraíba, Brazil. Sexual resting, removal of positive females, and avoiding contact of females with males from other farms are recommended to reduce the risk of infection.

Keywords: bovine; culture; PCR; risk factors; trichomonosis

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About the article

Received: 2017-11-24

Revised: 2018-02-02

Accepted: 2018-02-05

Published Online: 2018-04-13

Published in Print: 2018-06-26


Citation Information: Acta Parasitologica, Volume 63, Issue 2, Pages 346–353, ISSN (Online) 1896-1851, ISSN (Print) 1230-2821, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/ap-2018-0039.

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