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Acta Parasitologica

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Volume 63, Issue 2

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Detection of Dirofilaria immitis antigen and antibodies against Anaplasma phagocytophilum, Borrelia burgdorferi and Ehrlichia canis in dogs from ten provinces of China

Jiawei Wang
  • Jiangsu Co-innovation Center for Prevention and Control of Important Animal Infectious Diseases and Zoonoses, Yangzhou University College of Veterinary Medicine, Yangzhou, Jiangsu, 225009, People’s Republic of China
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/ Patrick Kelly / Jilei Zhang
  • Jiangsu Co-innovation Center for Prevention and Control of Important Animal Infectious Diseases and Zoonoses, Yangzhou University College of Veterinary Medicine, Yangzhou, Jiangsu, 225009, People’s Republic of China
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/ Zhengsheng Shi
  • China Agricultural University College of Veterinary Medicine, Beijing, 100083, People’s Republic of China
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/ Chunlian Song
  • Yunnan Agricultural University College of Animal Science & Technology, Kunming, Yunnan, 650201, People’s Republic of China
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/ Xiaofeng Zheng
  • Jiangsu Agri-animal Husbandry Vocational College, Taizhou, Jiangsu, People’s Republic of China
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/ Yi Zhang
  • Xinjiang Agricultural University College of Veterinary Medicine, Urumchi, Xinjiang, 830052, People’s Republic of China
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/ Yongqing Hao
  • Inner Mongolia Agricultural University College of Veterinary Medicine, Hohhot, Inner Mongolia, 010018, People’s Republic of China
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/ Haiju Dong
  • Henan Agricultural University College of Animal Science and Veterinary Medicine, Zhengzhou, Henan, 45002, People’s Republic of China
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/ Heba S. El-Mahallawy
  • Jiangsu Co-innovation Center for Prevention and Control of Important Animal Infectious Diseases and Zoonoses, Yangzhou University College of Veterinary Medicine, Yangzhou, Jiangsu, 225009, People’s Republic of China
  • Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Suez Canal University, Ismailia, 41522, Egypt
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/ Wenbin Xiong
  • Jiangsu Co-innovation Center for Prevention and Control of Important Animal Infectious Diseases and Zoonoses, Yangzhou University College of Veterinary Medicine, Yangzhou, Jiangsu, 225009, People’s Republic of China
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/ Heng Wang
  • Jiangsu Co-innovation Center for Prevention and Control of Important Animal Infectious Diseases and Zoonoses, Yangzhou University College of Veterinary Medicine, Yangzhou, Jiangsu, 225009, People’s Republic of China
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/ Jianji Li
  • Jiangsu Co-innovation Center for Prevention and Control of Important Animal Infectious Diseases and Zoonoses, Yangzhou University College of Veterinary Medicine, Yangzhou, Jiangsu, 225009, People’s Republic of China
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/ Xinjun Zhang
  • Jiangsu Co-innovation Center for Prevention and Control of Important Animal Infectious Diseases and Zoonoses, Yangzhou University College of Veterinary Medicine, Yangzhou, Jiangsu, 225009, People’s Republic of China
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/ Chengming Wang
  • Corresponding author
  • Jiangsu Co-innovation Center for Prevention and Control of Important Animal Infectious Diseases and Zoonoses, Yangzhou University College of Veterinary Medicine, Yangzhou, Jiangsu, 225009, People’s Republic of China
  • Department of Pathobiology, College of Veterinary Medicine, Auburn University, Auburn, AL, 36849, USA
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Published Online: 2018-04-13 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/ap-2018-0047

Abstract

Despite the fact vector-borne diseases (VBDs) have been increasingly reported in dogs worldwide, there are only limited reports on VBDs in dogs in China with most being based on molecular detection of active infections. To provide further data on the exposure of dogs in China to VBD agents, we used commercial immunochromatographic assays to test plasma from 637 apparently healthy indoor and breeding colony dogs from 21 veterinary clinics in 10 provinces in China and a commercial dog breeding facility for circulating antigen of Dirofilaria immitis, and for circulating antibodies against Ehrlichia spp., Anaplasma spp., and Borrelia burgdorferi. Overall, we found only low levels of exposure to Ehrlichia spp. (4.7%; 30/637), Anaplasma spp. (1.4%; 9/637), B. burgdorferi (0.9%; 6/637) and D. immitis (0.2%; 1/637) with most of the positive animals coming from the commercial breeding colony (26/103; 25.2%) where ectoparasites were most commonly noted. At least one vector-borne agent was found in dogs from 6 of the 10 provinces investigated. Our results confirm exposure of dogs from around China to a variety of VBDs, even indoor pets seldom observed to harbor ectoparasites.

Keywords: Vector-borne agents; SNAP® 4Dx®; dogs; China

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About the article

Received: 2017-08-05

Revised: 2017-12-28

Accepted: 2018-01-19

Published Online: 2018-04-13

Published in Print: 2018-06-26


Citation Information: Acta Parasitologica, Volume 63, Issue 2, Pages 412–415, ISSN (Online) 1896-1851, ISSN (Print) 1230-2821, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/ap-2018-0047.

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