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Acta Parasitologica

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Volume 63, Issue 3

Issues

Assessment of oxidative/nitrosative stress biomarkers and DNA damage in Haemonchus contortus, following exposure to zinc oxide nanoparticles

Bijan Esmaeilnejad / Awat Samiei / Yousef Mirzaei
  • Veterinary Parasitology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Urmia University, Urmia, Iran
  • Department of Biology, Faculty of Sciences, Soran University, Soran, Iraq
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Farhad Farhang-Pajuh
  • Veterinary Parasitology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Shahid Chamran University of Ahvaz, Ahvaz, Iran
  • Central Laboratory of Urmia University, Urmia, Iran
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
Published Online: 2018-07-04 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/ap-2018-0065

Abstract

Drug resistance in helminth parasites has incurred several difficulties to livestock industry and ranked among the top public health concerns. Therefore, seeking for new agents to control parasites is an urgent strategy. In the recent years, metallic nanoparticles have been considerably evaluated for anthelmintic effects. The current research was conducted to assess possible anthelmintic impacts of zinc oxide nanoparticles (ZnO-NPs) on a prevalent gastrointestinal nematode, H. contortus. Moreover, several biomarkers of oxidative/nitrosative stress and DNA damage were measured. Various concentrations of the nanoparticle were prepared and incubated with the worms for 24 hours. The parasite mobility, mortality rate, antioxidant enzymes activities (SOD, Catalase and GSH-Px), lipid peroxidation, total antioxidant status as well as nitric oxide (NO) contents and DNA damage were determined. ZnO-NPs exerted significant wormicidal effects via induction of oxidative/nitrosative stress and DNA damage. Conclusively, ZnO-NPs can be utilized as a novel and potential agent to control and treatment of helminth parasitic infections.

Keywords: H. contortus; nanoparticles; oxidative stress; DNA damage; nitric oxide

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About the article

Received: 2018-02-21

Revised: 2018-04-18

Accepted: 2018-04-20

Published Online: 2018-07-04

Published in Print: 2018-09-25


Interest competing. We do declare that there is no conflict of interest for the current research.


Citation Information: Acta Parasitologica, Volume 63, Issue 3, Pages 563–571, ISSN (Online) 1896-1851, ISSN (Print) 1230-2821, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/ap-2018-0065.

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