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Acta Parasitologica

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Volume 63, Issue 3

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Anti-Neospora caninum antibodies in feral cats on the Island of Fernando de Noronha, Brazil

Débora Costa Viegas de Lima
  • Corresponding author
  • Laboratório de Doenças Infectocontagiosas dos Animais Domésticos, Departamento de Medicina Veterinária, Universidade Federal Rural de Pernambuco/SEDE, Recife, PE, Brasil
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/ Fernando Jorge Rodrigues Magalhães
  • Unidade de Vigilância em Saúde, Distrito Estadual de Fernando de Noronha. Vila dos Remédios, Fernando de Noronha/PE, Buarque, Brasil
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/ Muller Ribeiro Andrade
  • Laboratório de Doenças Infectocontagiosas dos Animais Domésticos, Departamento de Medicina Veterinária, Universidade Federal Rural de Pernambuco/SEDE, Recife, PE, Brasil
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/ José Givanildo da Silva
  • Laboratório de Doenças Infectocontagiosas dos Animais Domésticos, Departamento de Medicina Veterinária, Universidade Federal Rural de Pernambuco/SEDE, Recife, PE, Brasil
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/ Eduardo Guelfer Ferrer de Morais
  • Unidade de Vigilância em Saúde, Distrito Estadual de Fernando de Noronha. Vila dos Remédios, Fernando de Noronha/PE, Buarque, Brasil
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/ Carlos Diógenes Ferreira de Lima Filho
  • Unidade de Vigilância em Saúde, Distrito Estadual de Fernando de Noronha. Vila dos Remédios, Fernando de Noronha/PE, Buarque, Brasil
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/ Wagner José Nascimento Porto
  • Departamento de Doenças Parasitárias, Universidade Federal de Alagoas – UFAL. Viçosa, AL, Maceió, Brasil
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/ Rinaldo Aparecido Mota
  • Laboratório de Doenças Infectocontagiosas dos Animais Domésticos, Departamento de Medicina Veterinária, Universidade Federal Rural de Pernambuco/SEDE, Recife, PE, Brasil
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Published Online: 2018-07-04 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/ap-2018-0074

Abstract

Neospora caninum is a protozoan responsible for abortions, stillbirths (mainly among cattle) and neuromuscular diseases in dogs. Its importance in wild species and its impact on the environmental preservation of different ecosystems have been little described. This study aimed to investigate the presence of anti-N. caninum antibodies in feral cats on the island of Fernando de Noronha and contribute epidemiological data on this disease in these animals and its impact on the environmental preservation of the island. Serum samples from 257 feral cats on the island were analyzed through the Neospora agglutination test (NAT) to search for anti-Neospora caninum antibodies. Among the 257 serum samples analyzed, 8 (3.11%) were positive in the NAT. The antibody titers were 20 in seven animals (87.5%) and 40 in one animal (12.5%). These results demonstrate that feral cats are exposed to infection by N. caninum on the island of Fernando de Noronha, at a low frequency. Greater knowledge on this infection in this animal species in this insular environment is important for elucidating its impact on the conservation of species and the maintenance of this parasite on the island.

Keywords: Felis catus; neosporosis; Neospora agglutination test; serology

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About the article

Received: 2018-01-05

Revised: 2018-03-26

Accepted: 2018-04-04

Published Online: 2018-07-04

Published in Print: 2018-09-25


Citation Information: Acta Parasitologica, Volume 63, Issue 3, Pages 645–646, ISSN (Online) 1896-1851, ISSN (Print) 1230-2821, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/ap-2018-0074.

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