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Acta Parasitologica

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Volume 63, Issue 4

Issues

Redescription of Dichelyne (Cucullanellus) jialaris (Nematoda: Cucullanidae), a parasite of seabreams (Perciformes: Sparidae) in East Asia

František Moravec
  • Corresponding author
  • Institute of Parasitology, Biology Centre of the Czech Academy of Sciences, Branišovská 31, 3705 České Budějovice, Czech Republic
  • Email
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Kazuya Nagasawa
  • Graduate School of BiosphereScience, Hiroshima University, 1-4-4 Kagamiyama, Higashi-Hiroshima 739-8528, Japan
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Ione Madinabeitia
  • Graduate School of BiosphereScience, Hiroshima University, 1-4-4 Kagamiyama, Higashi-Hiroshima 739-8528, Japan
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
Published Online: 2018-10-18 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/ap-2018-0097

Abstract

An insufficiently known nematode species Dichelyne (Cucullanellus) jialaris Luo, Guo, Fang et Huang, 2004 (Cucullanidae), originally described from the red seabream Pagrus major (Temminck et Schlegel) (Sparidae) in the Taiwan Strait, off China, is redescribed based on light and scanning electron microscopical (SEM) examinations of specimens collected from the intestine of three species of sparid fishes, Acanthopagrus schlegelii (Bleeker), Evynnis tumifrons (Temminck et Schlegel) and P. major, in Hiroshima Bay, Japan. The present redescription provides exact data on the cephalic structure, character of cephalic papillae and amphids, location of the excretory pore, deirids and phasmids, and the number and distribution of caudal papillae in the male; the presence of the dorsal postdeirid in this species is reported for the first time. The SEM study revealed that the anterior cloacal lip has a median lobe-like elevation bearing two minute papillae, whereas the posterior cloacal lip is somewhat depressed, with a median longitudinal rod-like elevation probably serving to direct the movement of spicules. The size of eggs is reported for the first time. Dichelyne (C.) jialaris differs from the morphologically similar D. (C.) pleuronectidis (Yamaguti, 1935) mainly in the shape of the oesophagus. The present finding of D. (C.) jialaris represents the first record of this nematode from fishes in Japanese waters and A. schlegelii and E. tumifrons are its new host records.

Keywords: Parasitic nematode; morphology; marine fish; Hiroshima Bay; Japan

References

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  • Iwatsuki Y., Akazaki M., Taniguchi N. 2007. Review of the species of the genus Dentex (Perciformes: Sparidae) in the western Pacific defined as the D. hypselosomus complex with the description of a new species, Dentex abei and a redescription of Evynnis tumifrons. Bulletin of the National Museum of Nature and Science, Series A, Supplement 1, 29–49Google Scholar

  • Li L., Du L.-Q., Xu Z., Guo Y.-N., Wang S.-X., Zhang L.-P. 2014. Morphological variability and molecular characterisation of Dichelyne (Cucullanellus) pleuronectidis (Yamaguti, 1935) (Ascaridida: Cucullanidae) from the flatfish Pleuronichthys cornutus (Temminck & Schlegel) (Pleuronectiformes: Pleuronectidae) in the East China Sea. Systematic Parasitology, 87, 87–98. CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Li L., Xu Z., Zhang L.-P. 2014. Morphological and molecular evidence for a new species of the genus Dichelyne Jägerskiöld, 1902 (Ascaridida: Cucullanidae) from marine perciform fishes in the South China Sea. Systematic Parasitology, 89: 107–116. CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Luo D., Guo S., Fang W., Huang H. 2004. Observations on a cucullanid nematode of marine fishes from Taiwan Strait, Dichelyne (Cucullanellus) jialaris n. sp. Journal of Parasitology, 90, 608–611. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1645/GE-166R

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About the article

Received: 2018-05-24

Revised: 2018-08-17

Accepted: 2018-08-20

Published Online: 2018-10-18

Published in Print: 2018-12-19


Citation Information: Acta Parasitologica, Volume 63, Issue 4, Pages 802–807, ISSN (Online) 1896-1851, ISSN (Print) 1230-2821, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/ap-2018-0097.

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